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These are bulbous plants, many of which have become widespread as indoor crops, in nature are common in the tropics and subtropics of the Old and New Worlds. Most amaryllis have long, flat leaves that grow in such a way that all even leaves are located only under the even ones, as well as the odd ones, forming two rows.
Classification of the Amaryllis family
The main reason for the popularity of amaryllis is the gorgeous inflorescences, which can consist of one or more flowers. For plants to bloom, they all require a dormant period (except for krinum). Moreover, if the plant does not receive a dormant period, then the inflorescences that have begun to form in the bulbs die off. The duration and timing of the rest period differ among representatives of this family. So in zephyranthes and hippeastrum, it is about 3-4 months, which is explained by the aridity of their natural places. At the same time, one and a half months is enough for eucharis to rest.
- Organize a dormant period by reducing watering immediately after flowering. At the same time, the frequency of watering depends on the species: plants that do not lose leaves (eucharis) are watered limitedly, they go through a dormant period in a dry state without watering. Again, some types of amaryllis that go through a dormant period in a leafless state require a mandatory coolness of about 8-10 ° C, others, like hippeastrum, can be stored at normal room temperature.
- A place for amaryllis is chosen in bright diffused light or in a light partial shade. Amaryllidaceae do not tolerate direct sunlight.
- All amaryllids are very sensitive to excess moisture, therefore, even during the growing season, avoid waterlogging of the soil. At the same time, Amaryllidaceae are not demanding of air humidity and, as a rule, do not need regular spraying.
- During the growth and flowering period, amaryllidaceae must be fertilized. For this, complex mineral fertilizers are used for decorative flowering plants. Top dressing begins with the appearance of the first leaves every two weeks and stops 1.5 - 2 months before the dormant period. Organic fertilizers are not used for dressing, as they can cause diseases of the bulbs.
- Adult plants are transplanted when the pot becomes too cramped into a soil mixture consisting of 2 parts turf, 1 part leafy soil, 1/2-1 part humus, 1 part peat and 1 part sand. Drainage must be done in pots. Ammaryllidaceae do not like spacious pots, they may not bloom in them. When planting bulbs of hippeastrum or amaryllis, the pot is selected by the roots, there are small onions with a whole beard, and large ones without roots at all. The first in a shallow pot will suffer, the second in a large one will rot from the bay, not having time to take root and master the space. At the same time, the bulbs are buried no more than 2/3 of the height. Bulbs of eucharis, hemantus are planted in the soil completely. Many amaryllids, such as clivia, hemantus, krinum, are very hard to tolerate damage to the fleshy roots during transplantation.
The difference between amaryllis and hippeastrum
The difference between hippeastrum and amaryllis on the scales of the bulbs
If you bought a bulb and do not know what kind of plant it is - hippeastrum or amaryllis, you can try to tear off a piece of dry scales. If it simply breaks off, this is a hippeastrum, if filamentary wlocks stretch when breaking off, this is amaryllis.
|Peduncle (main difference)||hollow||not hollow|
|number in the peduncle||3-6||6-12|
|diameter||12-15 cm||up to 8 cm|
|Flowering time (can be adjusted in room conditions)||end of winter - spring||late summer - autumn|
|Leaves||appear before or simultaneously with the flower arrow||appear after flowering (blooms in a leafless state)|
|the form||symmetrical round shape||more elongated, may be irregular|
|diameter||more than 10 cm in an adult plant||about 6 cm in an adult plant|
The material on the table was prepared by Lucien