All About Citrus Fruits

All About Citrus Fruits
All About Citrus Fruits
Video: All About Citrus Fruits
Video: 18 Different Types of Citrus Fruits 2023, February
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Citrus taxonomy
Citrus taxonomy

Citrus taxonomy

Original citrus varieties

1. Lime, Common Lime, Sour Lime, Mexican Lime, West Indian Lime, Large Lime, Lime, Common lime, Acid lime, Mexican lime, West Indian lime, Sour lime, Large lime, Key lime

2. Mandarin, common mandarin, real mandarin, Mandarin, Common mandarin, True mandarin, Mandarin orange, Culate mandarin, Suntara orange

3. Citron, Citron

4. Pomelo, Pummelo, Pomelo, Shaddock, Thai grapefruit, West Indian pomelo

citrus care
citrus care

Citrus. Care Tips

Root family. Lemon, orange, tangerine, grapefruit, and kinkan are grown indoors. Although it must be said right away that often attempts to grow a fruiting citrus tree at home end very quickly when evergreen trees that have grown more than a meter in height do not bear fruit. Although during cold wintering (5-8 ° C) citrus fruits can bloom and bear fruit in 2-3 years. In indoor conditions, plants will bear fruit only if they are grafted. For some, it will be a pleasure to grow a tree from a stone, and it does not matter whether it bears fruit or not. In any case, in order for your pet to look good it is important to know the conditions it needs and something about crown formation …

Citrus propagation
Citrus propagation

Citrus propagation

Reproduction of citrus fruits is usually carried out by grafting, cuttings, layering and seeds. At home, citrus fruits are usually propagated by cuttings and grafting - these methods allow you to get a fruiting tree in 3-4 years, and even earlier with a grafted branch. Citrus fruits grown from seeds can bloom and bear fruit at home with the best care (with proper pruning, cool wintering, high-quality soil) only for 10-12 years.

growing citrus
growing citrus

Basic principles of citrus content

In order for citrus fruits to have a beautiful crown, they begin to bear fruit faster, the formation of a tree is needed. First of all, a stem must be formed on a tree that has grown from a seed, grafted or grafted. Before pruning and pinching the plant, mentally create the shape of the future tree. What will it be? You can give a rounded shape (most suitable for low-growing citruses), can be formed with palmette (suitable for large spreading trees), you can use a bush, etc. I will dwell on the classic form - a tree with a rounded crown. The stem is cut or pinched at a height of 20-25 cm from the soil level. Then lateral shoots should appear on the trunk - future branches of the 1st order …

citrus fruits in winter
citrus fruits in winter

Citrus content in winter

In autumn, the length of the light is significantly reduced, the most difficult period in the life of citrus begins. The day is very short, there are few sunny days. With a lack of light in a warm living room, citrus leaves are very thin, large in size, and the shoots are excessively stretched. As the air temperature rises, the respiration of trees increases (carbon dioxide is released). For respiration, trees consume a large amount of nutrients, and their accumulation, due to lack of light, is very slow. As a result, the trees are depleted, their growth is weak, and the flowers and ovaries, as a rule, crumble. With a great lack of light, leaves can crumble …

Citrus primer
Citrus primer

Citrus primer

A very controversial question, which soil is better - purchased or home-made, peat in the soil - is it good or bad, why do plants grow better on some mixtures containing peat, on others - do they die? Is it convenient to grow plants on a hydrogel and why is pH so important. These and other questions are addressed in this overview article …

citrus cuttings
citrus cuttings

Rooting citrus cuttings

Almost all indoor fruit plants are easily propagated by cuttings, tangerine cuttings are the most difficult to root, therefore, grafting is used when propagating them.

Consider the simplest ways of grafting. Cut the branch of the plant, which is intended for reproduction, into cuttings. To do this, make the lower cut under the kidney (2-3 mm below the kidney), remove the bottom 2 leaves, leave the next 2-3 leaves …

lemon stalk
lemon stalk

How to root a lemon

Collected here are questions and answers about rooting lemon and other citrus cuttings. Experience from the forum - why cuttings bloom on rooting and what to do. Do I need zircon, epin and other stimulants. How to make soil heating for rooting cuttings, where cuttings root better in soil or water? And much more…

crown formation
crown formation

Citrus crown formation

Forming a citrus crown is a fun process, but requires patience. The thing is that citrus fruits are quite stubborn in nature. They do not always want to grow the way we want - a compact tree. Therefore, we will try to formulate instructions for detailed formation. And the most important thing here is the beginning, when a sprouting seed, a rooted stalk or a young scion has just begun to grow. But before talking about the formation, let's touch on the issue of physiology …

On shoots of the fourth or fifth order, the formation of skeletal branches ends. If the shoots begin to bloom until the crown is formed, it is better to break off the buds, since there will be no growth on such branches, the formation will take a long time. And only with the formation of shoots of the fifth order can citrus be allowed to bear fruit.

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