Aroid Araceae - Description, Groups Of Aroid, Care And Reproduction

Table of contents:

Aroid Araceae - Description, Groups Of Aroid, Care And Reproduction
Aroid Araceae - Description, Groups Of Aroid, Care And Reproduction
Video: Aroid Araceae - Description, Groups Of Aroid, Care And Reproduction
Video: AROIDS 2023, February
Philodendron flower
Philodendron flower
Philodendron flower
Philodendron flower

The family of monocotyledonous plants Aroid Araceae has more than a hundred genera and about two thousand species. The distribution area of ​​aroids is very wide - tropical, subtropical and even temperate zones on different continents of both hemispheres of the Earth, but the vast majority of members of the family are tropical plants. Many aroids contain a toxic milky sap.

An extensive family of plants with a graceful shape with excellent color of leaves with cob-shaped inflorescences. The ear consists of many small flowers, but outwardly looks like a single flower. Inflorescence sizes from small to very large, even gigantic. At the same time, in some aroids, the coverlet tightly covers the ear, in others it is widely bent.

Anthurium and some other aroid plants have colored veils or wings of various colors (white, pink, red, etc.) or are distinguished by a beautiful shape and color of leaves. In many genera of aroids, the inflorescences have an unpleasant odor, calculated to attract flies and other insects for pollination.

The leaves of aroids are arranged alternately, the base of the petiole tightly covers the stem, usually the petioles are rather long. The large leaves of some aroids have a metallic sheen, while in others they are velvety, with various shades of green or variegated. The shape of the leaves is arrow-shaped, heart-shaped, palm-shaped; in rare species, petiolar belt-shaped leaves. The form of the plant itself is bushy and lianas, there are erect plants and lodging giant grasses.

Among the aroids, there are terrestrial plants and epiphytes. There are also quite a few wetland plants. By the way, the smallest flowering plants on Earth belong to the aroid family - the genus Wolffia Wolffia - Wolffia rootless Wolffia arrhiza. These are green plates about 1 mm in diameter floating on the surface of the water. And lo and behold - these crumbs are blooming! Aquarists raise babies.

Due to this diversity, the aroid family is divided into 8 subfamilies (Aroid Aroideae, Gymnostachis Gymnostachydoideae, Callaceae or Callaidae Calloideae, Lasioceae Lasioideae, Monstrous Monsteroideae, Orontioideae Orontioideae, Potosaceae Pothoidemideae, Duckweed)

The main groups of the aroid family

Tuberous Vines Bushy
Their peculiarity lies in the fact that they have a pronounced rest period. In this case, the plant completely loses its leaves. They do not have a pronounced rest period. These plants need support and have aerial roots. They can also be grown as ampelous plants. They do not need support and do not have aerial roots. The rest period is not expressed or is manifested by the suspension of growth under certain conditions.
Amorphophallus, Zamiaculkas, Kaladium, Sauromatum Monstera, Syngonium, Scindapsus, Philodendron Aglaonema, Alokazia, Air, Anthurium, Dieffenbachia, Spathiphyllum

Aroid care

  • In summer, keep plants on windows facing north, east and west, and in winter on windows located on the south side of the house. Those. in spring and summer, shade from midday sunlight is needed, and in winter the lighting should be very good, so direct rays are only useful.
  • Wrap the stem and aerial roots of aroids with moss, cover the ground with them in pots, since there are usually many roots on the surface of the pot, keep the moss moist.
  • Almost all aroids are moisture-loving and require abundant watering in the spring and summer (with the exception of succulent plants, for example, zamiakulkas). For lianas and bushy aroids, watering is somewhat reduced in autumn, but the soil should not dry out. Tuberous aroids, after they shed their leaves, are not watered until the moment of new growth.
  • For most aroids, the soil should be something like this: a mixture of light turf, humus, leafy earth and sand with the addition of birch charcoal. The main requirement for the soil is looseness.

Almost all aroids like high humidity. True, it should be noted that they tolerate dry air in different ways - some require regular spraying, especially in summer and during the heating season (alocasia, anthurium), others can do without spraying if they are not kept in close proximity to a heat source (spathiphyllum, scindapsus).

Popular by topic