Ficus Benjamin - Varieties, Care, Reproduction, Formation, Video

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Ficus Benjamin - Varieties, Care, Reproduction, Formation, Video
Ficus Benjamin - Varieties, Care, Reproduction, Formation, Video
Video: Ficus Benjamin - Varieties, Care, Reproduction, Formation, Video
Video: Фикус Бенджамина. Размножение.Ficus Benjamin.Reproduction. 2023, February
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Mulberry family. Ficus benjamin is one of the most common indoor plants. In nature, it grows in India, China, South Asia, as well as in the Philippines, Hawaii, and Australia.

Content

  • Ficus Benjamin varieties
  • Benjamin ficus care
  • Reproduction of ficus benjamin
  • Ficus crown formation
  • Care videos

These are evergreen shrubs and trees. In nature, they grow like our birches, about 20-25 meters in height, at home, the ficus of benjamin does not grow quickly and in about 10 years it will reach 100-120 centimeters in height. Ficus has an invasive root system, which spreads not only in depth, but also over the surface of the earth, the aerial roots of old plants growing in a humid tropical climate form whole arrays of supports under a wide spreading crown. In indoor ficuses in pots, the root system is quite strong, the roots over time, if you do not add earth, appear above the ground, but aerial roots are not formed.

The ficus benjamin has a dark gray bark with brown cross-streaks. It branches very well, drooping shoots, the leaves are alternate, on short stalks, smooth, shiny, leathery, oblong (elliptical) or lanceolate, pointed at the end, 6-12 centimeters long and 3-6 centimeters wide. Fruits - syconia, about 1.5 centimeters in diameter, paired, axillary, red, burgundy when ripe, inedible. Indoor ficus benjamin does not bloom and, accordingly, does not bear fruit. On the break of the petiole, when cutting the leaf, trimming the roots, a sticky white milky juice is released.

Ficus Benjamin varieties

There are many varieties of benjamin ficuses that differ in the shape, size and color of the leaf:

Ficus safari
Ficus safari

Benjamin ficus Safari variety 'Safari'

Small-leaved, leaves about 3-4 centimeters long, slightly bent by a boat along the central vein, the tip is only slightly bent. The leaves are marbled with wide and frequent creamy streaks and spots over dark green. It grows slowly. With a lack of light, it quickly loses its variegation.

Ficus baroque
Ficus baroque

Ficus benjamin Baroque variety 'Barok' The

leaves are medium (about 4-6 centimeters), the length is 3 times longer than the width. The leaf is bent in a ring along the central vein. It grows slowly, branches weakly; to obtain a lush bush, several cuttings are planted in a pot.

Ficus naomi
Ficus naomi

Ficus benjamin grade Naomi Gold 'Naomy Gold'

The leaves are large (about 6-7 centimeters), the length of the leaf is 2-3 times longer than the width. The edge of the leaf is slightly wavy, practically not bent, the shoots are thin, drooping, the bark is light. The photo shows the variegated form of this variety, the simple 'Naomy' has dark green leaves and differs from the 'Monique' variety in the shape of the leaf - it is wider (not so elongated).

Ficus kinky
Ficus kinky

Benjamin ficus Kinky variety 'Kinky'

Small-leaved, leaf length (about 4 centimeters) is 2-3 times longer than width. Leaves are straight, light green, cream or light green along the edge. Moderate growth.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Ficus benjamin Starlight 'Starlight'

Leaves are medium (about 4-6 centimeters), 3 times longer than width. The leaves are slightly bent along the central vein, the tip is only slightly bent, the edge is not wavy. The color of the leaves is rich green with a wide white stripe along the edge, some leaves are almost white. Growing fast.

Ficus natasha
Ficus natasha

Ficus benjamin Natasha grade 'Natasja'

Small-leaved, leaf length (about 3 centimeters) is 3-4 times longer than width. The leaves are slightly bent along the central vein, the tip is only slightly bent, the edge is not wavy. It grows slowly.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Ficus benjamin grade Nicole 'Nicole'

Small-leaved, the length of the leaf (about 4 centimeters) is 3-4 times longer than the width. The leaves are slightly bent along the central vein, the edge is not wavy. The trunk is slightly zigzag (like Wiandi), the shoots are directed upwards. Leaves are light green with a wide creamy edging. Moderate growth.

Ficus monique
Ficus monique

Benjamin ficus Monique 'Monique' The

leaves are large, the length of the leaf is 3-4 times longer than the width. The edge of the leaf is wavy, practically not bent, the shoots are thin, drooping. The variegated form with light green spots is also widespread. It grows pretty quickly.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Ficus benjamin Wendy 'Wiandi'

Small-leaved, the length of the leaf (about 3 centimeters) is 3-4 times longer than the width. The leaves are bent like a boat along the central vein, the tip is slightly bent. The trunk is zigzag, has many creases - a change in the direction of growth, fragile. It grows slowly.

Ficus eldorado
Ficus eldorado

Benjamin ficus Eldorado cultivar 'Eldorado'

Very similar to Safari cultivar 'Safari', the difference is that Eldorado has larger leaves and wider. Leaves are 5-6 centimeters long, twice narrower. Moderate to fast growth.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Benjamin ficus Carly 'Curly'

The leaves are medium, about 4-6 centimeters long, twice as narrow, with a wavy edge, the tip is slightly bent. Leaves are dark green with white spots, varying in size (from large to small specks), usually from the petiole and base of the leaf, some shoots grow with completely white leaves. With a lack of light, the color is lost. It grows slowly.

Ficus twilight
Ficus twilight

Benjamin ficus twilight variety 'Twilait'

The variety is very similar to 'Starlight' - leaves are rich or dark green with a white border, but unlike 'Starlight' the border is narrower.

Benjamin ficus care

Temperature

Moderate, optimal for growth in the range of 20-25 ° C, but by and large, the temperature of the ficus benjamin is not important, and it is important that the watering corresponds to the temperature - water more often when it is hot and less often when it is cooler. In cool conditions, a wet earthy lump dries slowly, for a long time and this is very harmful to the ficus. In winter, ideally the temperature should be 16-18 ° C, with limited watering, limit 8-10 ° C with dry content. But usually ficuses of benjamin grow well in ordinary home conditions, in heated rooms. If there is little light, the plants partially lose their leaves, therefore, during warm wintering, ficuses, especially variegated varieties, can be illuminated.

Lighting

Benjamin ficuses grow well in a bright place, protected from direct sunlight at noon. The east window is perfect, where the sun comes in the morning or evening. Variegated forms need a lighter and warmer place than forms with dark leaves. Only varieties with dark green leaves can grow well on the northern window, and variegated varieties 'Safari' or 'Eldorado' need a western window to preserve their color, or a place in the immediate vicinity of the southern one, it is already dark on the east.

Watering

Moderate, ficus does not like waterlogging of the soil, it must be well dried before the next watering. From waterlogging in ficus benjamin, root decay can begin, while the plant simultaneously throws off a large number of leaves that lose their color, become pale green. Water for irrigation is desirable soft, room temperature.

Top dressing with fertilizers

From March to August, once every two to three weeks, you can feed Benjamin's ficus with fertilizers for decorative leafy plants.

Air humidity

Leaves can be sprayed, especially in summer in hot dry weather, but Benjamin's ficus can do without it, it tolerates the dry air of apartments well. But in order to wash off the dust from the leaves, you need to rinse the ficus foliage under a warm shower, while carefully protecting the soil from the stream of water.

How to transplant ficus benjamin

Transplant is carried out annually in spring, in fresh soil. Old specimens are transplanted less often, every 2-3 years, but you can add fresh fertile land annually. The soil for ficuses should be loose and nutritious. A suitable mixture: 2 parts leafy soil, 1 part peat soil, 1 part sand and 1 part well-decomposed compost. You can also use leafy soil in its pure form, ficuses grow well in universal soil from the store. Large, older specimens, which are less often transplanted, need a heavier and more nutritious soil - the main component is sod land 2 parts, leaf or greenhouse 1 part, you can add chopped pine bark, vermiculite and charcoal. An important condition is good drainage to the bottom of the pot, and the acidity of the soil should be slightly acidic, or close to neutral (pH 5.5-6.5).Ficus does not tolerate alkaline and too acidic substrates.

The pots can be both ceramic and clay, they should not be too spacious, and 2-3 fingers in diameter are wider than the root ball, or the pot in which the plant was bought. If it seems to you that the pot has become small (the roots appeared from the drainage hole), then the benjamin ficus can be transplanted again over the summer. If the roots are not cut or torn, then it tolerates transplantation well. After transplanting, refrain from watering if it is not too hot for 2 days (if the house is very warm and dry, you can water a little and spray the leaves).

Reproduction of ficus benjamin

The easiest way to propagate ficus benjamin is cuttings, they easily take root in water, in a bright place almost at any time of the year. Just cut any twigs you like about 13-15 cm long, remove the two bottom leaves and put them in a jar of clean water. To prevent the water from blooming, cover the jar with an opaque cloth. Growth stimulants are not needed. Cuttings of this size already have a woody stem, but if you cut off a couple of leaves with a still green stem, it will not take root. Benjamin ficus does not propagate by a leaf, and large branches with thick bark take root for an extremely long time.

If for some reason the plant has grown bald at the bottom of the trunk, it is easier to re-root the crown. For this, not grafting is used, but an air layer:

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Air layering of ficus benjamin

On the trunk in the right place, the bark is incised and removed, a strip about 1 cm wide.The trunk in this place is wrapped with sphagnum moss soaked in water (with a thread it is fixed only for the convenience of photography)

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Air layering of ficus benjamin We cut a

plastic cup along the walls into two half (cut the bottom in half and make a hole along the diameter of the barrel) and fix it on the barrel, fastening it with tape. We fill up the earth and water.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Benjamin ficus air layer

It is advisable to use a transparent glass so that you can see the appearance of the roots. The soil in the glass should be watered regularly, it should not dry out. Roots appeared on this layer after 3 weeks.

Ficus crown formation

Benjamin ficus itself has a beautiful crown, many varieties do not require any special shaping. However, if the trunk of the ficus is bare, you can stimulate the formation of new shoots and leaves by pruning. To do this, you can cut off part of the shoots, in whole or in part, sometimes it is enough to pinch the tips of the lower branches so that new buds start to grow. Pruning should be done in the spring - early summer. The younger the ficus tree, the easier it is to form by pruning.

In addition to pruning and pinching, the crown of ficuses is formed by bending with wire (to form bonsai and pre-bonsai). Ficus shoots are quite flexible, it is easy to bend, but the thin bark can crack or peel off from the wire, so it is not applied tightly, and braided wire is used. There should be a gap between the wire and the stems of the ficus - after all, the plant grows, and the branches gain thickness, with tight winding, the wire will eventually grow into the bark.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Ficus Baroque is formed with wire, flexible ficus trunks can be bent quite steeply, aiming to achieve the chosen bonsai style.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

If you are forming a ficus by splicing a trunk, then when braiding a pigtail from several trunks, be sure to leave gaps between them, for the growth of the trunks in thickness. Drawing by Vitaly Alenkin.

Ficus benjamin
Ficus benjamin

Fusion of trunks - several rooted cuttings are planted tightly to each other and wrapped with electrical tape. Part of the tape has been removed and the joints of the trunks are clearly visible. Further formation is required.

Cuttings of some varieties of ficus benjamin branch reluctantly, single branches look and gain strength slowly, they can stretch upward, even with sufficient lighting, begin to branch, reaching about 30-40 cm in height. Therefore, it is worth pinching, cutting off the cuttings at a height of about 20 cm.

You can plant several cuttings in a pot, and if the stems are pressed tightly to each other, then in a very short time they grow together. It is possible to bring together the trunks of ficus cuttings with the help of ordinary electrical tape - it is quite plastic, and does not injure the bark, it stretches on growing trunks without ingrowing. The braid should be inspected about once a month and rewound if necessary. Better, of course, trunks of small diameter, 5-7 mm, grow together, but thicker ones can also be spliced, only the process will take several years.

Another way of forming is to intertwine the trunks with a pigtail or in the manner of a hedge - openwork weaving from benjamin ficus trunks. This method is only suitable for young flexible plants. In this case, several large cuttings must be planted in one elongated container at a distance of 5 to 10 cm from each other, strictly in a row. Initially, each trunk grows vertically and a ka stem is formed (all lower branches are removed). At about a height of 20-25 cm, ficuses can be fixed, tilted, crossing the trunks with each other. Fix with tape or jute.

Video: shower for ficus benjamin

The video shows how to wash off dust from ficus leaves, to prevent ticks. What to look for when carrying out this procedure.

Frequently asked questions about ficus

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