Indoor Ferns

Table of contents:

Indoor Ferns
Indoor Ferns
Video: Indoor Ferns
Video: Don't Do these 7 Things to your Indoor Ferns! 2023, February
Anonim
Fern nephrolepis
Fern nephrolepis

These are beautiful ornamental deciduous plants with a varied structure of their finely cut leaves (fern leaves are called wai). Ferns, thanks to their lush greenery and variety of species, have become widespread among flower growers. For the grace and tenderness of the forms of leaves with ferns, no other houseplant can be compared. In total, 8000 species of ferns are known; about 200 species are grown in culture. Among them there are plants of amazing beauty, but when choosing ferns, one must take into account their exactingness to the conditions of detention, susceptibility to diseases and pests. The easiest species to grow are Cyrtomium, Davallia, Cretan Pteris, Nephrolepis, Kostenets nesting, Round-leaved pellea. However, all fern species require constant attention and care.

How to care for a fern

Ferns growing in the room come from tropical and subtropical countries, so they must be protected from cold and drafts. Too high temperatures and dry air contribute to the defeat of ferns by pests: thrips, spider mites, etc. There are also fungal diseases that cannot always be cured. The temperature regime for different types of ferns is different, it is set in accordance with the conditions that exist in their homeland. According to heat requirements, ferns can be divided into two groups:

  • ferns of warm rooms (winter minimum 17 ° C) (nephrolepis, maidenhair, platycerium, asplenium
  • ferns of cool rooms (winter minimum 12-14 ° C) (pimpled polypodium, pellea)

Try to keep the temperature below + 10 ° C, as the roots can be hypothermic if the ground is not dry enough. Ferns also do not tolerate temperatures above 28 ° C - the leaves are not sufficiently protected from the heat, if the sun is still shining, the leaves burn out, and burns remain.

For keeping ferns, western or eastern windows are best suited, i.e. when the sun shines through the window in the morning or evening and it is not yet hottest. Ferns need protection from direct sunlight. At the same time, ferns like good diffused lighting, i.e. tulle curtains should be hung on the windows. Ferns do not tolerate drafts, cold harsh air, but at the same time they need regular ventilation. Ferns do not tolerate smoke and dust well.

Fern pteris
Fern pteris

Watering ferns should be regular, so as not to dry out the earthy coma. Leaves that have withered from lack of moisture no longer come to life. When the plant begins its growth period, watering is increased, with the onset of a dormant period or a slowdown in growth, watering is reduced, but never completely stopped. However, excessive dampness is also harmful to ferns - the respiration of the roots is disturbed, the soil sours, the nutrients are poorly absorbed and the plant, although it does not die from root rot, such as ficus or gardenia, but chlorotic spots appear on the leaves, the edges of the leaves turn yellow, etc. • Water for irrigation should be soft, free of lime and chlorine.

If, as a result of overdrying, the fern has lost its greens, then all the leaves of the plant must be cut off and placed in a bright place, the soil must be kept in a moderately moist state. New leaves will appear soon. Since most fern species are native to tropical forests, they do not tolerate dry air well. Ferns should be regularly sprayed at least 2 times a day, and on hot summer days from 3 to 5 times a day. Certain fern species, such as Ruddy's maidenhair, are best grown in a terrarium. In warm rooms, ferns should be sprayed with warm water. If the fern is planted in a clay pot, then it can be wrapped in moist moss, and also cover the ground in the pot with moss on top.

Ferns are transplanted in the spring, after the first growth appears. When transplanting, it is necessary to save an earthen lump. The roots are not cut, but only old and dead roots are removed. Ferns are grown in pots, on pieces of wood, in hanging vases and baskets, tree ferns in tubs. The earthen mixture is composed of clay-sod, peat soil and coarse sand in equal parts. For ferns growing from a creeping rhizome, an earthen mixture is made up of 2 parts: fibrous peat soil, 1 part of light turf soil and deciduous humus with the addition of 1 part of coarse sand. The fast growing ferns provide a more nutritious soil. For ferns with silvery or golden leaves, as well as epiphytic ferns (feeding on the products of decay of bark and wood with good moisture),it is useful to add decay decay collected in the forest to the soil.

Fern spores
Fern spores

When transplanting ferns, the roots are straightened, and the planting is done so that the root collar is above the ground. There should also be room for watering in the pot. When the plant grows and there is no room for watering, then the plant is watered from the pan or the entire pot is immersed in water for 15-20 minutes to completely moisten the earthen coma. Ready-made soil mixes for ferns are on sale. It should only be borne in mind that different types of ferns need slightly different soil mixtures, for example, nephrolepis can be added to the soil of the sod land, but Platycerium or Asplenium cannot, for these ferns, you can use a soil mixture for orchids.

All ferns need fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers in spring and summer. Do not use top dressing consisting only of mineral salts.

To prevent pests from attacking ferns, they can be periodically (once a decade) sprayed with tobacco water, in addition, the leaves are regularly washed with a soft sponge. But these procedures are not suitable for all ferns, because Platycerium, for example, does not tolerate rubbing the leaves. The best prevention of the appearance of pests is maintaining good humidity and adherence to keeping regimes.

Ferns are propagated by division during transplantation (a few roots and 3-4 leaves). Some fern species produce new plants at the ends of rooting shoots (for example, nephrolepis sublime) or at the ends of leaves (onion-bearing bone). The most difficult way to grow is by disputes (we will talk about it in detail later). But reproduction by spores at the same time allows very rare species of ferns to grow.

Indoor fern care

Popular by topic