Agave Agave - Types, Care And Growing Problems

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Agave Agave - Types, Care And Growing Problems
Agave Agave - Types, Care And Growing Problems
Video: Agave Agave - Types, Care And Growing Problems
Video: What Is Wrong With My Agave Plant? 2023, February
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Asparagus family. Homeland from South America to the southern states of the United States. Agaves belong to the agave subfamily of the asparagus (asparagus) family (Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 132-136, 2009) There are more than 200 species in the genus.

Agaves are perennial, very beautiful ornamental plants, but most species, due to their large size, are suitable for decorating only flower beds and flower gardens in the southern regions. In indoor conditions, dwarf forms or only young plants are grown.

The most common types of agave

American agave Agave americana is one of the most popular species, introduced to Europe in the 16th century, and since then has been very popular in the Mediterranean countries. The plant has large gray-green or bluish-gray belt-like leaves, in favorable conditions often reaching a length of 1-1.5 m, with sharp thorns, in natural conditions it reaches 2-3 m in diameter.Around the edges of the leaf, straight or slightly curved strong brown teeth. The upper side of the leaf is flat, the lower is convex. The inflorescence is a huge apical panicle, in large specimens 10 m or more in height, bearing more than 10 thousand flowers. Flowers are yellowish, up to 7 cm in diameter. It is believed to bloom once every hundred years. In fact, it blooms once in a lifetime, at about the age of 15, the peduncle bears numerous flowers in a panicle or brush, then after flowering, the plant gradually dies, forming offspring,used for breeding. The forms of this species differ mainly in the color of the leaves: Agave americana marginata - leaves with bright yellow edges; Agave americana mediopicta - leaves with a longitudinal central wide yellow stripe. Due to their size and sharp thorns, they are of little use for a small room.

agave
agave
Agave
Agave
agave
agave

Agave attenuata is also very beautiful - it is also a large plant with leaves devoid of sharp thorns (just a slightly serrated leaf edge, like a yucca) and a very beautiful shape. Leaves can be green or bluish-green, almost blue. And racemose inflorescences reach a length of 3 m, bending and bending in an arc to the ground.

For growing as a houseplant, Agave victoriae-reginae is usually recommended. It has a rosette that is much smaller than that of the previous species, more or less regular spherical. Leaves are very hard, narrowly triangular or lanceolate, 10-20 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, with a short brown hard tip at the apex. There are thin white stripes along the edges of the sheet, which are relatively easy to peel off with white fibers.

Agave thread
Agave thread
agave stricta nana
agave stricta nana
agave parryi
agave parryi

Agave filifera is also suitable for growing in a room. Agave filifera has raised leaves up to 30 cm long at the ends, as it were, with dried strings. Small-flowered agave Agave parviflora is a compact plant that also has threads at the ends of its leaves.

Agaves are generally undemanding plants. Despite the fact that a cool temperature would be very desirable for them in winter, you should not give up this plant, they can winter at normal room temperatures, but they need a lot of light. In addition, agaves, growing (in width), take up a lot of space and it is worth making sure that they have enough space on the windowsill.

Agave care

Temperature

In the summer, an ordinary indoor room, it is advisable to take the plants out into the fresh air in the garden or on the balcony, but first under shade, gradually moving the pots closer to the sun.

In winter, or rather from the end of autumn, with a decrease in daylight hours, agaves must be kept in much cooler conditions. Ideally, they should winter at 6-8 ° C, but not higher than 10 ° C. Otherwise, additional lighting is required.

Lighting

The lighting should be bright, no shading is needed. The sill of the south window is best suited. In summer, it is advisable to keep the agaves in the sun outdoors. In winter, when there is little light, agaves stretch out and lose their attractiveness if they don't have enough light. Therefore, in winter, the brightest place is especially needed; supplementary lighting, if necessary, is carried out using fluorescent lamps.

Watering

In summer, the plants are watered moderately, but regularly, the soil should dry out well between waterings. In winter, watering depends on the temperature of the content, the colder, the less often the soil should dry out completely. Water for irrigation should be used soft (settled and boiled) and make sure that water does not fall into the leaf axils. Otherwise, ugly gray or brown spots form on the leaves. Agave tolerates overdrying well, but it can easily rot from waterlogging.

Air humidity

Agave does not need to be sprayed; it tolerates dry air and heat well.

Fertilizer

Every year from March to August, every three to four weeks, they are fed with fertilizer for cacti or succulents.

Transfer

Young agaves are transplanted annually, adults every 2-3 years, which gives lush plants over the years. Soil - 3 parts of clay-sod, 1 part of leaf and 1 part of coarse river sand. It will be useful to add brick chips (broken red brick) and pieces of birch charcoal to the agave potting mix. Drainage to the bottom of the pot is required.

Agave propagation

Agave is propagated by seeds, cuttings and layering. Agave can be propagated by rooting the leaf.

Agave seeds can be sown as early as February. In bowls in a mixture of leaf or peat soil and sand. Close up to a depth of about half a centimeter. Germination temperature 22-24 ° C, uniform moisture. To prevent the soil from drying out quickly, it is better to place the bowl in a bag (regularly airing it) or sow it in a room greenhouse. Seedlings appear within a week. If the seed (fetal) membrane does not peel off on its own for a long time, you need to help it - wet it and carefully remove it, otherwise the leaves may be curved.

Growing problems

Most often, agaves suffer from a lack of light in winter - while the leaves become smaller, the plant stretches. In a properly grown plant, the leaves sit on the stem pressed tightly against each other. With a lack of lighting, the stem is pulled out and the leaves appear at a certain distance from each other, this spoils the plant.

Stem and root rot - agave often suffer, at low temperatures and high soil moisture. If agaves are kept cool in winter, watering is very rare. In summer, decay can begin if there is no drainage in the pot and, moreover, there is no drainage hole, and watering is abundant. With an excess of watering, the leaves become soft, pale and droop, at this moment root rotting begins. Agaves will more easily tolerate a lack of moisture, like all succulent plants, than an excess of moisture.

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