Adiantum Adiantum - Description, Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction

Table of contents:

Adiantum Adiantum - Description, Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Adiantum Adiantum - Description, Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Video: Adiantum Adiantum - Description, Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Video: Adiantum raddianum (Maidenhair Fern) Houseplant Care — 238 of 365 2023, February
Anonim
maidenhair
maidenhair

The pteris family. Homeland South America, East Asia. There are about 200 species in the genus. Maidenhair ferns are ferns with a creeping ground scaly rhizome.

Adiantum capillus-veneris Adiantum capillus-veneris is one of the most beautiful fern species with delicate green pinnately dissected leaves on thin, wire-like stalks. For these leaves, the maidenhair is called "hair Venus". In some species, the leaves are yellow-green, in others they are light red or gray-green in color. The leaf itself is large - from 10 to 20 cm, in outlines of a triangular or rhomboid shape, on it there are many small fan-shaped obovate leaflets, with a wavy edge. In the room, the maidenhair will grow about 50-60 cm tall.

In nature, adiantum grows in temperate and tropical climates, where the humidity is quite high, but not in the form of wet fogs. It grows on well-drained sandy, clayey and even limestone. The hair venus fern is found on both continents, but in some places it has become very rare, since the Adiantum is on the list of endangered species in the state of North Carolina in the United States. By the way, the indigenous Indians used maidenhair leaves in healing, prepared tinctures and ingested them for rheumatism.

Fern Growing Secrets

Maidenhair care

Temperature: The temperature during active growth should be no more than 26 ° C, during the dormant period - 15 ° C. Maidenhair does not tolerate cold drafts, but in general is unpretentious in care, grows well on north-facing windows under normal home conditions, and winters calmly during the heating season, provided that the leaves do not hang over the battery.

If your maidenhair withers or dries up, perhaps they are overcooled during airing or delayed watering, just cut them under the base, new growth will grow very quickly.

Lighting: Light partial shade, protection from direct sunlight is required in summer. But if the maidenhair is in a too dark place, far from the window, its wai become faded. The ideal place is the sill of the east or northwest window. If you have south or west windows, place the pot in the room, but no further than 1 m from the window.

Watering: Watering should be regular, but by no means excessive. The adiantum does not tolerate overdrying and strong waterlogging, i.e. watered as the top layer of the earth dries up - touched the soil, if it is already dry on top - you need to water it. Water for irrigation should be well-separated, at room temperature. You can use water from aquariums. Maidenhair are undemanding to water hardness, but they do not tolerate chlorine.

maidenhair venus hair
maidenhair venus hair

Fertilizer: Adiantums react poorly to high doses of fertilizers, therefore, feeding is carried out from May to September only once a month of complete mineral fertilization, but only in half the dose recommended for feeding other indoor plants. Fertilizers should not contain lime.

Air humidity: Adiantums love humid air, optimally about 60%. In winter, when the heating is on, the air humidity is about 20%, at the same time the leaves of the maidenhair are drying, the vai gradually die off. Therefore, it is best to place the pot on a wide pallet with damp expanded clay or gravel. If there is a central heating battery nearby, then it should always be hung with a wet towel or sheet. These measures are enough and usually the maidenhair does not need spraying.

Transfer: This plant needs loose soil with a slightly acidic reaction. Soil - 2 parts of leaf or peat, 0.5 parts of humus soil and 1 part of sand or vermiculite. It is advisable to add a handful of finely chopped pine bark. Be sure to pour drainage on the bottom of the plastic pot. If the plant has grown a lot, you can cut off some of the roots, from the edge, without picking out the main root ball.

The maidenhair is transplanted annually. He does not tolerate planting in a pot that is too large. In nature, maidenhair often grows in crevices of rocks, on steep ledges, like a lithophyte. Therefore, the requirements for the soil are special - no clay and fibrous, poorly wet peat! The soil should absorb water very easily and dry out quickly.

Reproduction: Propagation of adiantums mainly by dividing old bushes, cutting off part of the rhizome with several vays during transplantation. Use a sharp knife, cut, do not be afraid, but you do not need to tear the entire mother bush into small pieces, otherwise the fern will grow for a very long time and hurt.

Popular by topic