Adenium Adenium - Description, Home Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction

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Adenium Adenium - Description, Home Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Adenium Adenium - Description, Home Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Video: Adenium Adenium - Description, Home Care, Problems Of Growing, Reproduction
Video: Adenium disease|Adenium bonsai treatment /disease prevention successful | desert rose treatment. 2023, February
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Kutrov family. The homeland of the Adeniums is central and South Africa. Representatives of this genus belong to the group of treelike stem succulents. In nature, they reach gigantic proportions - up to 10 meters in height. In culture, they are quite demanding and whimsical, they grow on average about 30-35 cm. Adenium is popularly called the Rose of the Desert, for flowers similar to those of roses. Adenium juice is poisonous in all parts of the plant.

In culture, the view of Adenium thick Adenium obesum has become widespread. It has a thickened stem - caudex. Side, thinner stems extend from it. Caudex is able to store enough water to survive fairly long droughts. Leaves are linear, fleshy, covered with a waxy bloom. Flowers usually appear in late spring, before the leaves appear, when the plant is just emerging from the dormant period. The flowers are pink or red, up to 7 cm in diameter.

adenium
adenium

Adenium obesum 'Harry Potter'

adenium
adenium

Adenium obesum 'Lai Nam Tok'

adenium
adenium

Adenium obesum 'Fancy'

An article on growing adeniums: Adenium is a desert rose

Adenium care

Temperature

Adenium is thermophilic, about 25-27 ° С in summer, in winter within 12-13 ° С. Does not tolerate hypothermia of the root system, therefore, at low temperatures, the soil is completely dry! For the summer, it is better to expose succulents outdoors in a garden or balcony. If the balcony is insulated, then the adeniums can be taken out already in April, when the temperature is not lower than + 8 ° C, and brought into the house in October, or earlier, if the temperature can drop below + 8 ° C.

Lighting

Adenium needs a very bright sunny place. Grows well on the south window. However, you should gradually get used to the bright sun in spring. In winter, even on the southern windowsill it can be dark. The fact is that if it is warm - the usual temperature for a house is 24-26 ° C during the heating season - adenium will continue to grow, but since there is little sun in winter and the day is short, the shoots begin to stretch out, shrink and turn pale. Therefore, you will have to install additional lighting or find a cooler place.

Watering

In the spring and summer, watered moderately so that the soil dries out between waterings, but it is not desirable for the earth to dry out to dust. The main mistake in care is excessive watering - adenium is very sensitive to excessive watering, this can easily cause root rot, and the buds turn black. But the leaves dry out from strong drying. In winter, watering is limited, depending on the temperature, the colder the less often.

Fertilizer

With the formation of flowers and new leaves, adenium is fed with a special fertilizer for decorative flowering plants, adding it to the water for irrigation. Top dressing every 2 weeks. The optimal NPK ratio in the fertilizer is 20-20-20, i.e. in equal parts. Sometimes the tips of the leaves turn brown in adenium, if this is not due to a strong overdrying of the soil, then the plants may not have enough potassium. Try two dressings with potassium nitrate or potassium monophosphate, diluted according to the instructions. Potassium starvation is especially common in adenium planted in pure peat.

Air humidity

Adenium likes regular spraying from a fine spray bottle, so that the water does not run down the branches in streams. During flowering, do not let water get on the flowers.

Transfer

In the spring every year. The soil should be loose and slightly acidic. Any fertile clay soil with the addition of washed river sand is suitable. You can use a commercial cactus potting mix. Option of the soil mixture: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf (or storey soil), 1 part of baking powder (vermiculite or zeolite).

Drainage in plastic pots is required, in clay pots it is not required. The size of the pot does not need to be taken with a large margin, adenium does not like spacious containers. Annually in spring, in March - April, if necessary (soil salinity), the top layer of the earth is replaced, replacing it with a fresh one. After transplanting, do not water for 1-2 days. If the adenium is well cared for, properly watered and loose, breathable and sufficiently nutritious soil, succulents form a powerful root system, healthy roots are thick, light, well branched, but not very long. With such a root adenium, pots of equal height and width are suitable, and not conical.

Reproduction of adeniums

Seeds, cuttings, layering. Adenium seeds lose their germination during storage, so it is advisable to use only fresh seeds. They germinate better with soil heating, in a room greenhouse, at 26-28 degrees.

Cuttings for rooting should be cut in March-April. Dry the cuttings at room temperature for one to two days. Then plant in a mixture of universal soil, sand and vermiculite, taken in equal parts, in a small 5-6 cm pot. It is best to use indoor greenhouse, package. And put on the brightest, sunniest place. If the weather is cloudy, turn on the lamp for the whole day. Water so that the soil in the pot is slightly damp - neither dry nor soggy.

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