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Aroid family. Homeland tropical Asia and Africa. Amorphophallus (amorphophallus) is a somewhat unusual plant that is rather unpretentious in culture. In the winter, the plant loses its leaves, but in the spring it quickly starts to grow. Only large plants bloom, and the peduncle appears before the leaves appear. Amorphophallus flowers smell like rotten meat, sometimes so strong that the plant is brought out of the room. This is due to the fact that in nature such a plant smells attracts flies that pollinate it. Amorphophallus grows very quickly and grows quite large.
The most common types of amorphophallus
Amorphophallus cognac Amorphophallus konjac - has a tuber in the form of an oblate ball, up to 20 cm in diameter. Leaf petioles up to 80 cm long, dark olive color with dark and light spots. Leaves pinnately dissected juicy green. Peduncle about 50-70 cm long. The cover of the cob is 25-30 cm long, the cob itself is up to 50 cm long, it heats up to 40 ° C during flowering. The color is burgundy or violet-red. Emits a strong unpleasant odor.
Amorphophallus bulbiferous Amorphophallus bulbifer - has a hemispherical tuber about 7-8 cm in diameter. The leaf is single on a petiole about 1 meter long, which has a dark olive color with light spots. Segmented leaf, 3-part, bulbous at the base of the leaf. The peduncle is usually no more than 30 cm long, the cover of the cob is 10-12 cm long. The color is dirty green with pink spots. The ear is shorter than the cover.
Temperature: Moderate, at rest about 13 ° C, minimum 10 ° C.
Lighting: Amorphophallus needs bright light shaded from direct sunlight in summer.
Watering: Abundant during the growing season. After the leaves of the plant begin to wither in the fall, watering is stopped.
Fertilizers: 1.5 months after the germination of fresh seedlings in the spring, fertilizing is carried out. It should be borne in mind that amorphophallus needs a fairly large dose of phosphorus. Select that fertilizer, the proportion of fertilizers in which Nitrogen: Phosphorus: Potassium - 1: 4: 1, or close to this. It responds well to fertilization with organic fertilizer in the form of a rotted mullein.
Humidity: Leaf spraying is rather hygienic, but the plant responds very well to spraying, as it is characterized by a humid climate.
Transfer: After the tubers are taken out of winter storage, this is usually in March, they are planted in nutrient soil. Soil -1 part clay-sod, 1 part humus, 1 part leaf, 1 part peat and 1 part sand.
Reproduction: Propagate amorphophallus by daughter tubers. Which are separated with the beginning of the rest period, i.e. when the plant loses its leaves. Amorphophallus bulbiferous can be propagated by the bulb, which is located at the base of the leaf segments.