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Amaryllis family. Homeland - South Africa. In nature, there is only one species Amaryllis belladonna Amaryllis belladonna is a perennial bulbous plant. The bulb is smaller than that of the hippeastrum - only about 6 cm in diameter, forms many babies. The leaves are oppositely arranged, belt-shaped, dark green in color, up to 40 cm long, appear after flowering. Single peduncle, up to 50 cm long, inflorescence of 3-12 flowers. The perianths are funnel-shaped, with pointed petals at the end, large - 10-15 cm in diameter, fragrant, of various shades - from white to purple. Blooms in late summer - early autumn. Amaryllis belladonna is a garden plant, not a houseplant, so if you bought a plant called "Amaryllis" from a flower shop, first of all make sure it is not a hippeastrum (see difference).
Caring for Hippeastrum - in the section Frequently asked questions about plants.
Temperature: During the growing season, the optimum is 17-23 ° C. Real amaryllis loves coolness, it tolerates heat more easily in the fresh air. During the dormant period, the bulbs are stored at 10 ° C.
Lighting: Bright diffused light. Shade from direct sunlight. After flowering, full sunlight is needed for the development and maturation of the bulbs.
Watering: Abundant during flowering - the soil should be moist at all times. During the rest period, keep dry.
Dormant period: Amaryllis completely loses leaves at this time. Watering is stopped altogether. In September-October, with the end of dormancy, a peduncle appears from the bulb, by the end of flowering young leaves appear.
Fertilization: Once every one to two weeks with a liquid fertilizer for flowering indoor plants, diluted at the concentration recommended by the manufacturer. Top dressing begins as soon as the buds bloom, and ends when the leaves begin to wither.
Air humidity: If the plant is in a room with dry air, you can lightly spray the buds on top. Do not spray flowers or leaves, as well as bulbs during dormancy.
Transfer: Approximately every 3-4 years, during the dormant period. Soil from 2 parts of clay-sod, 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand.
Reproduction: Daughter bulbs during transplantation, seeds. The separated children are planted in the prepared soil mixture in separate pots with a diameter of about 12 cm, so that a third of the height of the bulb remains above the soil surface. With good care, they will bloom in 2-3 years.