Pineapple: Care And Maintenance

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Pineapple: Care And Maintenance
Pineapple: Care And Maintenance
Video: Pineapple: Care And Maintenance
Video: How to Grow Pineapple Part 1: Care and Propagation 2023, February
Anonim

The bromeliad family. Homeland Brazil. Some types of pineapple are grown as indoor plants, they even form fruits, although small and not edible. The main advantage of pineapples is a beautiful rosette of leaves.

  • Pineapple large-crested variegated Ananas comosus variegatus - cream and pink stripes on the leaves. This type of edible pineapple is akin to the one we buy from the store. Only in the store pineapples with pure green leaves and they are not decorative. This is the most suitable variety of large-crested pineapples, as the most compact of them.
  • Pineapple bracts striped (or tricolor) Ananas bracteatus striatus (tricolor) - juicy green leaves have stripes of cream and pink flowers, about 50-70 cm long. The fruits of this species are not edible.
pineapple dwarf
pineapple dwarf
homemade pineapple
homemade pineapple
a pineapple
a pineapple

Of particular interest may be the species Pineapple pineapple, or rather its dwarf variety - Pineapple nanus (Dwarf) Ananas ananassoides var. nanus is a delightful little pineapple ideal for a pot (10-12 cm is enough for it), decorative at home, but unfortunately not edible. This pineapple variation has pink blossoms!

The rosette is open, the leaves are slightly bent, the bush is about 30-60 cm high, 40-60 cm wide. The leaves are whorled dark green or gray-green, often turning red to maroon in full sun. In density, they are tough, leathery, with sharp thorns that can pierce the skin. Outwardly, they look like the leaves of the agave (but not fleshy) or pandanus. The inflorescence is like an ordinary pineapple, conical, with a tuft of leaves at the top and a peduncle from 30 to 50 cm from the center of the leaf rosette. The peduncle, like the leaves, is covered with hairs and looks gray. The flowers are tubular, small, mauve or lavender, about 5 cm long. Dwarf pineapple blooms in spring, moreover, it blooms at the age of two. To represent the size of this species, the size of a pineapple fruit is no larger than a chicken egg.

Pineapple care

Temperature: Normal room temperature is about 22-26 ° С in summer, in winter with a lack of light - cool 16-18 ° С, minimum winter temperature is 15 ° С. Pineapple loves to keep your feet warm. He has no place on a cold floor or stone windowsill. In autumn, you can leave it on the balcony if the temperature drops to 12 ° C, only on condition that the ground is dry and the pot is insulated (in a flower pot or wrapped in foam rubber).

Lighting: Bright, diffused light with some direct sun in the morning or evening. Can be grown on west and east windows. The south window will need shading in the hottest hours of the summer from a light mesh. However, it should be borne in mind that pineapples with light stripes on the leaves need a lighter place, otherwise the variegation of color is lost.

Watering: During the period of active growth, abundant, in autumn and winter - moderate. The water must be soft and at room temperature. It is not enough just to defend the water; it is better to use filtered and boiled water. In addition, gray streaks remain on the leaves from hard water.

Pineapples, unlike other bromeliads (echmei or vriezias), are not able to retain water, although they have special hairs on the surface of the leaves that allow them to absorb water well. At home, pineapple does not have a clearly marked rosette - the leaves grow loosely, tiered and loose. Therefore, we pour pineapple into the soil! The frequency and degree of watering during the growth period is such that the soil from above has time to dry out, but in the depths of the pot it remains slightly damp, that is, it does not dry out to dust. When it gets colder, the pineapple needs to be watered less frequently, drying the soil well and completely.

  • From March to August, fertilizing is carried out every two weeks with fertilizer for bromeliads or orchids. Top dressing can be carried out not only by applying under the root, but also by spraying the leaves. The main thing is that the fertilizer contains more minerals, in addition to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, additionally magnesium, boron, iron and other elements.
  • You can use fertilizer for flowering houseplants in 1/4 of the manufacturer's recommended dose. These are Fertika-Lux, Agricola or Pocon fertilizers for flowering, etc.

Humidity: Pineapples love high humidity, ideally around 70%. Therefore, outside the heating season, you can spray it once a day, and if the humidity is below 60%, increase it in other ways - with an air humidifier, placing the plant on a wide tray with wet sphagnum moss. If the pineapple is already large and does not fit on the pallet or the leaves hang from the edge of the windowsill, it is wiser to put the pot on a stand, whatnot, closer to the window. But cover the batteries with a damp terry towel or diapers, and moisten the cloth regularly (2-3 times a day). If the heating works powerfully, then put the bookcase aside, but turn on additional lighting.

Transplant: A non-flowering plant is transplanted after a year, and after flowering, only daughter rosettes are transplanted, which are formed at the base of the mother plant. If the soil in a pineapple pot is covered with a salt coating or crust, you need to remove the top 2-3 cm of soil and replace with fresh soil (at any time of the year). Soil acidity (pH) is normal 5.5.

Approximate soil composition:

  • 2 parts of light sod land, 1 part of pine bark, 1 part of humus, 1 part of fine gravel
  • 2 parts high peat, 1 part garden loam and 1 part sand or perlite

You can use a commercial potting mix for orchids or bromeliads. If you choose other store-bought soils, it is important that their acidity is not alkaline, but slightly acidic. In addition, vermiculite, coconut fiber or gravel must be added to the store soil for porosity. All this is necessary so that after watering the soil in a pineapple pot dries out faster, ideally at a temperature of 22-24 ° C it should dry no longer than three days.

The planting container should not be too deep, it is better to use wide bowls.

Reproduction: After flowering and fruiting, the plant dies, but before that it forms at least one daughter rosette, which grows on the side of the base of the mother plant. These side shoots are cut after they have grown their roots. Sometimes the mother plant dries up and dies off immediately, look according to the circumstances, it is important that it does not take away food and does not block the light of the growing baby. Pineapple is also propagated by seeds and apical cuttings from fruits purchased in the store.

pineapple seed
pineapple seed

Pineapple seed

Pineapple seeds can be obtained from very ripe fruits. They are small, 2-4 mm, sickle-shaped. They need to be peeled from the pulp, rubbed in water with your fingers. Then soak for 5 minutes in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. For sowing, prepare:

  • a jar of pastries or cake
  • boiled water
  • paper napkins or towels

Put napkins (3-4 pieces) at the bottom of the mini-greenhouse, seeds on top, and moisten them so that the seeds do not float! Place in a bright place, sunny windowsill. You can use both vermiculite and a mixture of sand and peat for germination, but in napkins it is easier.

Seed germination is faster when the soil is heated at a temperature of 32-35 ° C. You can put the greenhouse on a battery, on a heating pad, or on a shoe dryer. Do not forget to ventilate and shake off condensation twice a day. Under these conditions, the seeds germinate for about a month. 2-3 months without heating, sometimes longer.

As soon as shoots appear, you need to make sure that they have enough light. If you sowed in winter or at the beginning of spring, you need to do additional lighting so that the total daylight hours are 14 hours. Maintain an even moisture content of the substrate (napkins), but you need to ventilate more often, preferably 3-4 times a day. When the seedlings form rosettes about 4-5 cm in diameter, you need to plant them.

The earth is a mixture of leafy earth, finely chopped pine bark, garden soil and vermiculite (in equal parts). Be sure to sterilize the soil for bromeliads! Pots about 8 cm in diameter should be placed in a bag, the edges of which should not be tied, only straightened. It is necessary to accustom to drier air gradually. Alternatively, put the pots in the aquarium and partially cover with foil. If spring has already come, then the first 2-3 days after transplantation, shading from the direct sun.

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