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Asparagus family. Homeland tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World. It is divided into semi-climbing species - pinnate asparagus and ampelous species - Sprengeri asparagus. Fern-like plants with styloid leaves are common as indoor plants: Asparagus plumose Asparagus plumosus or Asparagus setaceus is a compact plant with graceful, spreading branches at a young age that eventually become bare below. The smallest cultivar is Asparagus plumosus Nanus.
Asparagus densiflorus sprengery
Asparagus densiflorus sprengery has hanging shoots with bright green "leaves" and red berries.
Less common, but more decorative is the Meyer's Asparagus Asparagus meyeri. Straight and hard, densely pubescent "leaves" shoots reach 40-55 cm in length and effectively set off in compositions of plants with large leaves.
Asparagus crescent Asparagus falcatus is not at all like a fern. It has large, heart-shaped "leaves" and thorny stems reaching one meter in length.
Asparagus asparagus Asparagus asparagoides is a branchy shrub with creeping stems that reach 1.7 m in length.
Two common asparagus - pinnate and dense-flowered - are valued for their graceful openwork branches. Despite popular belief, they are not ferns, and their silky "leaves" are actually modified stems. In general, asparagus is an unpretentious plant.
Temperature: Moderate to cool, for most asparagus in summer, preferably no higher than 26 ° C. In winter, at least 10 ° C, ideally 12-14 ° C.
Lighting: Photophilous, the best place is the sill of the northeast or northwest window. If the plant is placed in a room, behind a tulle curtain, then its place is near the east or west window; if the window is south, then in the room at some distance from the window. In winter, more diffused light is needed, the plants are rearranged closer to the window.
Watering: In winter (from November to February) watering is moderate, in spring it is increased. In summer, you can leave water in the trays.
Air humidity: Likes humid air, sometimes asparagus does not bloom just because the air is too dry. If the plant is close to a central heating radiator or fireplace, then the small leaves begin to turn yellow and crumble, and spraying will not help here, you will have to rearrange the plant away from the hot air source.
Transfer: Asparagus requires spacious dishes and light nutritious soil from leafy, greenhouse and clay-soddy soil with sand. Young plants are transplanted annually in spring, old ones every 2-3 years. When transplanting, you should not damage the root system unnecessarily, but if the roots have grown very violently, then you need to carefully tear off the nodules with your hands, so that the root system decreases three times. During the period of active growth, fertilizing fertilizing is carried out.
Reproduction: Sowing (March-April) seeds that ripen easily and dividing the bush. When dividing, the plant is carefully knocked out of the pot. Divide into 3-4 parts so that each has at least one aerial shoot. Fertilizing weekly watering in summer promotes strong growth and abundant flowering. It is best to rejuvenate old plants with dried shoots by dividing the rhizomes after pruning.