Aloe Aloe - Species, Care, Reproduction, Growing Problems

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Aloe Aloe - Species, Care, Reproduction, Growing Problems
Aloe Aloe - Species, Care, Reproduction, Growing Problems
Video: Aloe Aloe - Species, Care, Reproduction, Growing Problems
Video: Aloes 101: Care, troubleshooting, demos and more 2023, February
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Ksantorreev family. The genus includes about 340 species, distributed in tropical regions of Africa, on the island of Madagascar and the Arabian Peninsula. Many are accustomed to the fact that aloe is such a thorny bush on the windowsill of a grandmother or a miraculous plant, the juice of which is included in every cosmetic product. But among the aloe, there are many decorative species - large and miniature, certainly cute and unpretentious.

Most types of aloe have a rosette of leaves that are fleshy and thick. They tightly cover the stem, which can be very short or long. Leaves, as a rule, are lanceolate with a sharp top, and their color is from light green, dove-gray, to dark green, monochromatic or variegated, they turn red in bright sunlight.

Aloe species

The tree-like aloe Aloe arborescens or Centenary is the most widespread medicinal plant in our country. Homeland - Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. At home, this plant blooms extremely rarely and it is with this feature that its popular name is associated - the agave, as if blooming once in a hundred years, but with good care it can bloom every year. In a pot, the aloe tree grows numerous lateral shoots and grows well in height and width. The leaves are narrow, juicy, up to 20-30 cm long, with thorns along the edges. Aloe grows very quickly, reaching a height of 30-100 cm (in nature, about 3 m). Scarlet treelike is very decorative, and easily propagates by cuttings.

agave
agave

Aloe arborescens

aloe
aloe

Aloe plicatilis

aloe
aloe

Aloe melanacantha

Folded aloe Aloe plicatilis is a small tree with a short, branching trunk. 10-16 gray-green leaves, belt-shaped, blunt at the end, sit on branches in two rows, as if in the same plane.

The terrifying aloe Aloe ferox has thick, fleshy leaves, with reddish brown small thorns all over the surface that make it warty. It grows up to 45 cm. During flowering forms a branched spike-shaped inflorescence with red flowers.

Spinous aloe Aloe aristata - has numerous thick leaves, whitish-transparent tubercles on the lower surface, and soft thorns at the tips. The leaves are arranged in the form of a root rosette - 8-10 cm in diameter. A white jagged border runs along the edge of the sheet. It blooms easily in spring and summer at home. This type of aloe is very often confused with another succulent - haworthia.

aloe
aloe

Aloe mitriformis

aloe vera
aloe vera

Aloe vera

aloe spinous
aloe spinous

Aloe aristata

Aloe variegated Aloe variegata is a low plant, up to 30 cm high. The underside of the leaf is scaphoid, dark green with transverse wide and light stripes-spots. A light thin strip stretches along the edges of the sheet.

Other types of aloe are beautiful and suitable for breeding at home: Aloe real Aloe vera, Aloe descoingsii Aloe descoingsii - with triangular variegated leaves; Aloe polyphylla Aloe multifoliate - with an almost round rosette of pointed-triangular greenish-gray leaves, and others.

aloe
aloe

Aloe variegata

aloe
aloe

Aloe striatula

aloe
aloe

Aloe descoingsii

Aloe care

Temperature

In summer, normal, if possible, put the pots in the open air (balcony, veranda). In winter, a slight decrease in temperature is required. Ideally, aloe should be kept in a bright and cool room at 12-13 ° C during winter, with very little watering. But at home it is quite difficult, and aloe grows at normal room temperature. If at the same time it is light enough, then there will be no problems, and if there is little light, the succulents begin to stretch, the leaves become narrow, not juicy, begin to acquire a pale, light green hue, and if you increase the watering, the roots rot. Therefore, if there is little light during the heating season, arrange additional lighting.

Lighting

All types of aloe love a sunny place, but in the spring it is necessary to accustom to the sun gradually, shading on especially hot days. In strong sun, some aloe (tree-like, aloe vera) can burn out strongly - the leaves become thinner at the tips, turn red. Aloe grows better at home on the east or west windowsill, on the south from 11 to 15 o'clock, light shading. But in autumn and winter, aloe often suffer from a lack of light, especially if there is no drop in temperature, they need to be supplemented with fluorescent or LED lamps.

Watering

Moderate watering, especially in winter. The soil should have time to dry well before the next watering - after the soil dries out on the surface, wait with watering for another 3-4 days, if the temperature is not higher than 24 ° С and 1-2 days, if the temperature is about 25-28 ° С. Aloe is a stem succulent, it is typical for it to store water in succulent leaves, therefore, waterlogging, prolonged drying of the earth, aloe tolerates worse than prolonged drying.

Fertilizer

From May to August, aloe is fed every two weeks with a complex mineral fertilizer for cacti and other succulents.

Transfer

The soil for aloe is made up of 2 parts of clayey sod, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus and 1 part of coarse sand. 1/5 of the vermiculite is added to the substrate, and several crumbs of birch charcoal are added to one pot. Vermiculite and sand can be replaced with well washed zeolite granules (made from Barsik cat litter). The transplant is carried out in the spring. Young plants are transplanted annually, old ones every 2-3 years. If you are planting in a commercial potting mix, use one made for cacti and other succulents.

Reproduction of aloe

Seeds, cuttings, cuttings and single whole leaves. In the summer, most aloes give daughter rosettes, if you separate them, then the plant can be especially large and have wide fleshy leaves.

Cutting succeeds almost all year round, but better in spring and summer (in winter with supplementary lighting). Cut cuttings must be dried: 5 days in summer, a week or more in winter.

reproduction of aloe
reproduction of aloe

Seedlings of Aloe Aloe broomii

reproduction of aloe
reproduction of aloe

Seedlings of Aloe Aloe broomii

agave seeds
agave seeds

Seeds of aloe tree

Experience of growing aloe from seeds from Irina Bagdasarova: Crops of Aloe broom Aloe broomii. Sowing on February 3, first shoots on February 8, Koehres Kakteen seeds. The soil is standard for germination of all cacti and succulents: I mix half the sand and peat "Violet", which is in briquettes. Peat, of course, is soaked for proportion. In the first photo, the period is two weeks from sowing. The seeds are not soaked, the seed husks are kept only from the bottom, does not interfere with growth. Sits tight, fell off by itself in a month. In the second photo, the seedlings are one month old - the second leaf appears.

Growing problems

Aloe tree, or agave, unfortunately, often suffers in our apartments. Rather, it is grown for medicinal purposes, is regularly plucked and cared for little. But if you grow this plant correctly, and do not cut off its leaves, you can get very beautiful specimens.

Most often, aloe suffers from excess moisture, if watering is too frequent, the roots rot, the plant dies. Aloe also often suffer from a lack of sunlight, especially in winter. At the same time, their stems are stretched, the leaves are smaller and sit on the trunk less often. On the contrary, on the western or southwestern window sills, aloe can lose its decorative effect - the leaves turn red and thin, but it is worth rearranging to a more gentle sun (east side or northwest), the bush turns green again.

Does not benefit this plant and planting in heavy clay soil. Moisture evaporates poorly in it, and there is no aeration, and long-term drying out of the soil inevitably leads to the formation of rot.

If you ask about pests, any grandmother who grows an agave will be surprised - most likely, she has not heard that he has pests. And if something is wasting away, then we will root the branch and grow a beautiful bush again. In fact, pests can appear on aloe - mealybugs and scale insects. Both are easy to spot. The scale insects look like white cotton balls in the axils of the leaves, under the husks from old dead leaves on the trunk, and the scale insects are visible on the leaves shriveled from lack of moisture and nutrition as brownish pimples, sometimes translucent. If you notice something similar on aloe, you need to thoroughly rinse the plant, wipe it with a soapy sponge. Then rinse, spray and pour with a solution of actara. Repeat treatment in a week.

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