Aspidistra Aspidistra - Description And Care At Home

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Aspidistra Aspidistra - Description And Care At Home
Aspidistra Aspidistra - Description And Care At Home
Video: Aspidistra Aspidistra - Description And Care At Home
Video: Лучшее комнатное растение для начинающих ~ Аспидистра - Чугунный завод 2023, February
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Aspidistra
Aspidistra

Family of asparagus. Homeland - South China, East India, Vietnam and Japan. About 100 species grow in nature.

Aspidistra elatior, a perennial herb native to Japan, is grown in culture. She has an underground creeping rhizome, glossy leaves on long petioles, broadly oval or lanceolate, about 50 cm long and 15 cm wide. At the base of the leaf you can see 1 or 2 reduced leaves, encircling the petiole. Flowers are small, purple in color, appear under the leaves on short legs. The height of the bush is about 60 cm. There are several varieties.

Aspidistra care

Temperature: Grows well in moderate conditions, does not like summer heat above 28 ° C. In winter, it requires coolness, preferably no higher than 15 ° C, the optimum temperature is 10-12 ° C, the winter minimum is 5 ° C. If kept in winter at temperatures above 20 ° C, regular spraying is required. Aspidistra tall can be grown outdoors, in areas with a warm climate, it can withstand short-term frosts down to -5 ° C. But in a pot culture, plants should be kept only at positive temperatures.

Lighting: In summer, shade from direct sunlight, light partial shade. In winter, the aspidistra needs good lighting. In nature, aspidistras grow in the shade, under trees and shrubs, so at home they grow quite well on the northern windowsill, the eastern window is well suited. Variegated aspidistra is more photophilous - it can be placed on the southeast or west window.

Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn, but the soil should have time to dry out in the top layer of the pot. In winter, moderate or sparse, depending on the temperature. If it's cool, below 18 ° C, wait 4-5 days with watering, after the top layer of soil in the pot has dried.

Aspidistra
Aspidistra

Fertilizer: From April to September, every two weeks, fertilize with fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants. Suitable fertilizer for palms or ficuses (for example, "Merry Flower Girl") or fertilizer "Uniflor-growth", "Uniflor-micro". If you transplanted the plant into fresh soil, refrain from feeding for a month and a half.

Humidity: Aspidistra only tolerates dry air if it is not too hot. However, regular spraying and washing of the leaves with warm water only has a beneficial effect on the plant, especially in winter if the aspidistra is in a heated room. If you are rinsing the plant in the shower, cover the soil with a bag to avoid waterlogging.

Transplant: Young plants are transplanted annually, and old ones are transplanted after 2-3 years, in spring, but the topsoil must be changed annually. The soil is a mixture of 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of leaf (peat), 1 part of humus, and 1 part of sand. Drainage must be done at the bottom of the pot. When transplanting, try not to damage the roots, otherwise the plant then stops growing for a long time. For transplanting, you can also use commercially available soil for ficuses or palms, but it is advisable to add 1 / 4-1 / 5 of vermiculite and compost to it.

Reproduction: In the spring, dividing the bush during transplantation. At the same time, they carefully loosen the old clod of earth, trying not to damage and preserve all the roots, even the smallest ones. Then with a sharp knife, separate the leaves so that they have roots. It will be better for a plant if, when dividing it, it is divided into parts having at least 5-6 sheets. If the bush has only 6-7 leaves, then it is better not to divide it at all. After dividing and transplanting, it is better to keep the aspidistra warm for several days, preferably in a room greenhouse.

Aspidistra can also be propagated by a leaf, using a special technology. It consists in the fact that a healthy leaf without a petiole is cut off from aspidistra, so that a thick fleshy nodule at the base of the leaf (formed by reduced leaves similar to a sheath) is preserved. Then the leaf slice is dried and placed in a bottle of water (a bottle with a wide neck, like kefir). The bottle is closed with a lid and covered with plasticine so that air does not get there. The bottle is placed in a warm and bright place. When roots appear on the leaf cut, it is taken out and planted in loose (preferably leafy) soil and covered with a jar or placed in a room greenhouse. If the roots did not appear, and the end of the leaf began to deteriorate and rot, then you can cut it off to healthy tissue (only in the place of thickening of the leaf), and in clean water it is again placed in a bottle.

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