In the cultivation of indoor plants, there is a rule - it is easier to prevent than to fix. Mistakes happen to everyone - both professional florists and beginners. Sometimes it is generally impossible to determine what the plant is suffering from, but there are conditions that must be observed, but not everyone takes them seriously. Therefore, I would like to give such advice:
- If you purchased a plant, try to find out as much as possible about it, what temperature, humidity, watering, etc. it needs. Of course, it is better to find out about this in advance, before buying a plant, but, unfortunately, we often acquire a plant, succumbing to temptation, fascinated by its beauty and knowing little about it.
- If you have several or many plants, even an avid florist sometimes forgets which plant needs what. Therefore, you can make cards or have a small notebook where you can allocate a page to each plant you have. There you can briefly write when to transplant, how to water, when to fertilize, i.e. information that is important but often forgotten.
- Try to provide the plant with a permanent place in your home, as most plants do not like being rearranged from place to place.
- Almost all plants require watering with well-settled, soft water. If there are a lot of plants, you can prepare a bucket where the water will settle for a day or two. If there are not many plants, you can use plastic lemonade bottles, which are not closed, allowing chlorine to escape from the water. There are some plants that do not tolerate watering with hard water at all, they not only get sick from this, but can also die.
- If you are going to transplant a plant, it is best to use a commercial potting mix for the specific plant (s). Often in the literature, as well as on our website, the composition of soil mixtures for each plant is given, but not everyone can or know where to get sod or peat land. In this case, for most plants, you can use ordinary garden or greenhouse soil, to which well-washed river sand is added. Before use, it is advisable to disinfect the earth - it is good to spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (this will also help remove earthworms), or steam it in the microwave for several minutes.
- The main reason plants suffer in apartments is central heating. Since the batteries are near a window, it is not possible to place plants away from the batteries. Try to humidify the air around the plants in winter. (see Temperature mode)
- Fresh air is almost a prerequisite for good plant development. Cacti, for example, may not bloom just because they lack fresh air. But none of the plants tolerate cold drafts.
- If you see that the plant is sick, get a magnifying glass and carefully examine the leaves on both sides, stems, flowers in search of pests, which, by the way, may not be. Some wonder where the pests come from if they weren't there before. Most of them are carried by insects (flies and the fruit fly), some in the form of larvae remain in the ground and wait for favorable conditions, some plants are infected when purchased, but become noticeable only after a while.
Nowadays, in any major city there are so many flower shops, nurseries or botanical gardens where you can buy a wide variety of plants that your eyes run wide. But, alas, many people choose the wrong plants that suit their particular home conditions or office climate. For example, they put tender Saintpaulias under the scorching rays of the southern window, and after a couple of days they look at the spots on the leaves with bewilderment, not realizing that these are burns; or they place a light-loving passionflower in the back of the living room, and observe its slow extinction, while blaming the sellers or some unknown pest.
If you, for example, forget to water the plants all the time, or have to travel frequently, then get yourself succulents. The most drought-resistant plant is the spurge mile and hoya carnosa. A hydroponic crop is also suitable for those looking to cut down on the worries of watering.