Table of contents:
All plant protection chemicals are called pesticides. This group includes drugs of various actions:
- Insecticides are preparations for controlling pests of indoor plants. Insecticides are not effective against disease.
- Acaricides - means of combating herbivorous mites.
- Fungicides - means of combating fungal diseases and fungi.
- Bactericides are means of combating bacterial diseases.
- Nematicides - means of combating nematodes.
Application of fungicides
Agat-25K is a biological preparation for protecting plants from diseases and increasing productivity. Increases seed germination, enhances the development of the root system. It is intended for horticultural crops, but it is successfully used for indoor plants as a prophylactic agent and light fertilizer. The active substance is inactivated bacteria Pseudomonas aureofaciens, biologically active substances of plant and microbial origin, macro- and microelements. Available as a flowable paste in 10g bottles. 1 measuring spoon of the drug is diluted in 3 liters of water until completely dissolved, then the plants are sprayed three to four times with an interval of 20 days.
Alirin-B is a biological preparation against diseases of indoor and garden plants. Contains Bacillus subtilis bacteria. It is effective against powdery mildew, downy mildew (mildew), gray and white rot, late blight, anthracnose, septoria, Alternaria, cladosporium, root and stem rot, rust fungi. Consumption rate of the drug: 2 tablets per 10 liters of water when watering plants, and 2 tablets per 1 liter of water when spraying. Re-treatment in 5-7 days, up to 3 treatments in total.
Bactofit is a biological preparation for plant protection against diseases, helps to protect plants from powdery mildew: especially carnations, roses, delphinium, fruit and berry bushes - gooseberries and currants, when it is not possible to use chemicals. The drug is especially effective in cool weather during the period of regular precipitation, but spraying and watering should be done a day before rain, in extreme cases, 6 hours before rain, and repeated after 4-5 days. The product can be used for pre-planting treatment of cuttings, seeds and for storing tubers.
Baktofit - instructions for use, reviews, consumption rates.
Bordeaux liquid is one of the most powerful agents in the fight against fungal or bacterial diseases. For the preparation of Bordeaux liquid, it is recommended to use quicklime in the form of lumps or fluff. To prepare a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid, you will need 300 grams of quicklime (lime is previously quenched with water) and the same amount of copper sulfate per 10 liters of solution. Copper sulfate and lime, each in a separate non-iron dish, are dissolved in 2-3 liters of hot water, then the volume of each solution is brought to 5 liters using very cold water. The lime solution is filtered through a double gauze, and then a solution of copper sulfate is poured in a stream with constant stirring into the lime solution.
The mixture should be beautiful, bright blue and free from excess copper. Copper acts as a poison in this preparation, lime is introduced as an acid neutralizer. If you add less lime than necessary, you can burn the plant. To determine the acidity of the liquid, an iron nail is dipped into it. In the case of an acid reaction, after 3-4 minutes the surface of the iron is covered with a red coating of copper. With a neutral and alkaline reaction, red plaque does not form. The reaction of the Bordeaux liquid can also be determined by a test on a litmus test. With an acidic reaction, blue litmus paper turns red, and with an alkaline reaction, red litmus paper turns blue.
The solution should be used on the day of preparation. It can be stored during the day by adding sugar (5-10 g per 10 l).
The given proportions of substances are high - a very strong solution is obtained, so it is used on heavily affected plants. Usually, the following proportions are recommended for indoor plants: 100 g of copper and lime per 10 liters of water. Read all the details and warnings: Bordeaux liquid - instructions for use
Bona Forte Bona Forte fungicide - against fungal diseases for all indoor plants. Effective against pathogens of powdery mildew, rust and other fungal diseases. Description of the drug
Bravo is a broad-spectrum contact fungicide with pronounced protective properties, effective in prophylactic use against many fungal diseases of potatoes, wheat, vegetables. Active ingredient: chlorothalonil, 500 g / l. Highly effective against late blight and peronosporosis (downy mildew). Effective over a wide temperature range. The duration of the protective action is 10-14 days. The drug is compatible in mixtures with most fungicides and insecticides and could be used for indoor plants, if not for the packaging - it is sold in cans of 5 liters. The consumption rate is 0.6 l / ha, 2-3 sprays are used with an interval of up to 10 days. Hazard class II.
Vitaros is a preparation for dressing bulbs and seeds against diseases (rot). Contains a water-suspension concentrate of 98g / l of thiram and 198g / l of carboxin. Sold in 2 ml ampoules and 10, 50 and 100 ml bottles. It is effective against helminthosporium, fusarium, penicillosis, rhizoctoniasis and other diseases. The consumption rate of the drug is 2 ml per 1 liter of water. Soaking time for bulbs and seeds is 2 hours. Working fluid consumption - 1 liter per 1 kg of planting material.
Vectra is a fungicide. Contains bromuconazole. It is used against powdery mildew, septoria, gray rot. Diluted with 0.2 - 0.3 ml of the drug per 1 liter of water. The effect of the drug lasts for about two weeks.
Gamair is a biological preparation against diseases of indoor and garden plants. Contains Bacillus subtilis bacteria. Effective against bacterial leaf spots, late blight, powdery mildew, downy mildew, gray rot, white rot, keel, fusarium. Consumption of the drug - 1 tablet per 5 liters of water when watering, and 2 tablets per 1 liter of water when spraying. The treatments are repeated every 7 days, three times.
Glyocladin is a biological preparation against root rot. Protection of indoor and garden flowers, vegetables at the time of transplanting, sowing seeds, picking. Ease of use: put 1-4 tablets in a seedling pot or seed pot. The waiting period is about 7 days. The protective effect is 1-1.5 months, while maintaining the conditions necessary for the development of the antagonist fungus. The greatest efficiency of Glyocladin against fusarium, verticillosis, phytophthora.
Discor is a fungicide against many diseases of indoor flowers and garden plants. Contains difenoconazole. Produced for home use in ampoules and vials, has a faint smell. Discor is not phytotoxic, if the dosage is not exceeded - the maximum allowable concentration is 5 ml per 10 liters of water. Helps in the treatment of powdery mildew, gray mold, fungal and bacterial spots, root rot, decay of the stem base, according to some reports, discor increases seed germination during dressing.
Detailed instructions for the fungicide, consumption rates - see the drug Discor
Quadris SK is a systemic fungicide from the group of strobilurins for the protection of vegetable crops in open and protected ground (tomatoes, cucumbers), as well as grapevines and major diseases such as real and downy mildew, late blight, mildew oidium, anthracnose, alternaria, brown spot. Active ingredient: Azoxystrobin 250 g / l. Fungicide has a preventive and curative effect. It is also used on indoor plants, but with extreme caution - hazard class II! Available in a 6 ml package (foil bag), in a 1 liter bottle. The duration of the protective action is 12-14 days. The waiting period for the result after processing is 5 days. Consumption rate: for treatment, dilute a 6 ml package in 5 liters of water (prophylactic treatment - 6 ml / 10 liters of water), this amount is enough to process 1 hundred square meters of green mass.For use on indoor plants, you can use a medical syringe - draw up 0.6 ml and dilute in 0.5 liters of warm water for spraying.
Maxim is a systemic fungicide for plant protection against diseases and soil disinfection. Especially effective against fusarium, gray mold, root rot, verticillium wilting, mold, etc. Available in 2ml ampoules. To prepare a working solution, 1 ampoule (2 ml) is diluted with 1-2 liters of water. Under the plant 50-100 ml of the prepared solution. Water the soil or spray evenly. This drug is moderately hazardous to humans and animals (hazard class III). Not phytotoxic. The working solution loses its properties after 24 hours.
Copper sulfate is a fungicide and antiseptic for household needs, a garden, a vegetable garden. It is used to treat fungal and bacterial infections on indoor and garden plants in various concentrations - see instructions and consumption rates.
Mikosan is a biological product against diseases of indoor and garden plants. The action is based on increasing the resistance of plants to fungal pathogens. More precisely, stimulating the production of lectins in plant tissues are substances that disrupt the growth of fungi and bacteria. So the drug does not kill the pathogen, but allows the plant to fight them most effectively. The drug should be used in the initial stage, with the appearance of several suspicious spots on the leaves, but if the plant is severely affected, wilting and mass flying of leaves have begun, mycosan will not help. The consumption rate of the drug is 100 ml per 2 liters of water.
Oxychom - contains copper oxychloride and oxadixyl. Contact-systemic fungicide for the prevention and control of diseases of garden and indoor plants. It is effective against late blight, macrosporiosis, black bacterial spot, septoria, powdery and downy mildew. The drug is not phytotoxic. It is produced in powder form in sachets of 4 g. Dilute 1 sachet (4 g) for 2 liters of water. Plants are sprayed as needed up to three times with an interval of 10-14 days. The drug is moderately hazardous to humans and animals (hazard class III).
Ordan is a drug against diseases of fruit crops. Contains 689 g / kg copper oxychloride and 42 g / kg cymoxanil in the form of a wetting powder. Available in 25g bags. Effective against late blight, alternaria, peronosporosis, powdery mildew. Spray twice with an interval of 7-14 days, at the rate of 25 g per 5 liters of water (from peronosporosis at the rate of 25 g per 10 liters of water).
Previkur Energy is a new generation systemic fungicide that does not cause resistance in fungal phytopathogens. Treatment of root and stem rot, phytophthora, downy mildew on roses and other flowers. An excellent stimulator of root formation in seedlings of vegetables and other crops. Attention: in some plants it can cause burns to leaf tissues when spraying, read the instructions.
Raek is a preparation for powdery mildew, a concentrate of an emulsion 250 g / l of difenoconazole, available in 2 ml ampoules and 10, 50 and 100 ml bottles. The protective effect occurs within 2 hours. The working solution is prepared at the rate of 1.5-2 ml per 10 liters of water. Spraying is done twice with an interval of 10-15 days.
Colloidal sulfur - its preparations belong to insectofungicides. It is used in the form of an aqueous solution in the fight against powdery mildew, anthracnose, ascochitosis, as well as against mites. 50-100 g of sulfur is diluted in 10 liters of water, you can
Skor is a systemic fungicide from the triazole class. Contains difenoconazole, an analogue of the fungicides Discor and Chistotsvet. It is used against powdery mildew, scab, oidium on grapes and a number of other diseases. Diluted in the amount of 2-5 ml of the drug per 10 liters of water. The drug lasts for about one to two weeks. Doesn't help if fungal spores appear! The frequency of treatments is 4. The drug is low-toxic to humans and animals, non-toxic to birds.
Storby is a fungicide. Contains kresoxim-methyl. It is used against powdery mildew, downy mildew, rust. Diluted with 0.4 ml of the drug per 1 liter of water. The drug causes the emergence of resistance, therefore it is not recommended to use two seasons in a row.
Topaz is a systemic fungicide. Contains penconazole. It is used against powdery mildew and rust, as well as gray rot and fruit rot. Diluted with 2 ml of the drug per 10 liters of water (for powdery mildew) and 4 ml of the drug per 10 liters of water against rust fungi. Topaz gives the best results prophylactic use at the beginning of the growing season to suppress the primary infection, as well as to prevent the spread of the disease or at the first signs of the disease. Interval between treatments: 7-14 days. The action of the drug begins 2-3 hours after treatment. Hazard class III. Read more about the fungicide Topaz.
Trichodermin is a biological agent for plant protection against fungal and bacterial diseases. Trichodermin consists of spores of the soil fungus Trichoderma lignorum (at least 2 billion spores per 1 year) and crushed grain substrate. Trichodermin is able to suppress more than 60 types of soil pathogens that cause diseases such as root and fruit rot, seed infections, macrosporiosis, fusarium, rhizoctonia, late blight, etc. Trichodermin improves soil fertility, stimulates root nutrition of plants, and increases seed germination. The drug is available in powder form in bags of 10 g. Trichodermine is used as an aqueous solution. To soak the seeds, prepare a suspension of 10 g of trichodermine per 1 liter of water in which the seeds are kept. For watering plants, trichodermin is also diluted with 10 g / l, watered at the root,but no more than with normal watering. For spraying, dilute 10 g per 5 liters of water. You can apply the drug for prophylaxis during plant transplantation - at the tip of a knife on a pot about 25 cm in diameter. Thyrodermine can be added to the water to root cuttings especially prone to decay, such as Saintpaulia. The prepared aqueous solution of Trichodermine can be stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of 5 ° C for no more than 1 month, but before use, allow the solution to warm to room temperature.The prepared aqueous solution of Trichodermine can be stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of 5 ° C for no more than 1 month, but before use, allow the solution to warm to room temperature.The prepared aqueous solution of Trichodermine can be stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of 5 ° C for no more than 1 month, but before use, allow the solution to warm to room temperature.
Trichophyte is a biofungicide for protecting plants from a number of diseases, especially gray rot and root rot. It is produced in the form of a suspension in dark plastic bottles. To prepare a working solution, dilute 25 g of the drug in 1 liter of water. Do not use too warm water. Water the soil with the prepared solution and / or evenly spray the leaves. The drug is low-toxic to humans (IV hazard class) and is recommended for use not only in the garden and vegetable garden, but also at home.
Fundazol is a systemic fungicide for plant protection against diseases (leaf spot, powdery mildew, etc.). Available in packs of 10g. To prepare a working solution, 1 sachet is diluted with 10 liters of water. Spray the leaves evenly. This drug is highly toxic to humans and animals (hazard class II).
Opinions about Fundazol are very contradictory, its official status often changes. Some growers and collectors consider it to be the only effective against many fungal and bacterial infections, others very scientifically prove the inappropriateness of its use. At the moment, the active ingredient benomyl is included in the list of pesticides approved for use in the Russian Federation. However, iplsnts.ru does not recommend using Fundazol as the drug of choice immediately after the detection of the disease - there are drugs that are more effective and less harmful to humans and animals.
Detailed instructions and complete information about the fungicide - in the article Fundazol
Fitolavin is a biofungicide and a group of antibiotics, intestinal and systemic action. It is effective against many diseases caused mainly by putrefactive bacteria: from black leg of seedlings or cuttings, to bacterial burns, spots, apical rot of fruits. The drug is often used on cucumbers and tomatoes in open ground and greenhouses. It is also effective for processing orchids bought at a discount or delivered by mail from Asia. However, the drug has its own characteristics, read more about it here - Fitolavin.
Fitosporin-M is a biofungicide for plant protection against fungal and bacterial diseases. Absolutely harmless to the plant, i.e. not phytotoxic, low toxic to humans and animals (IV class of hazard). Available in the form of a homogeneous dark brown paste, liquid or powder. The drug has a long shelf life and is very economical. Effective against many fungal and bacterial infections. It is used for spraying vegetative, flowering and fruit-bearing plants, trees and shrubs in watering and spraying; for soaking seeds and root system of seedlings; for preparing soil and greenhouses for planting; to protect tubers, rhizomes or bulbs before storage. Read more Fitosporin application.
Hom is a drug for combating diseases of vegetable, fruit and ornamental crops. The active ingredient is copper oxychloride. Effective against late blight, macrosporiosis, cercosporosis, pernosporosis, anthracoasis, bacteriosis, rust, bacterial spotting, curliness, downy mildew (mildew). Consumption rate - 40g per 10 liters of water. The number of repeated treatments - for indoor 2-3, for horticultural crops up to 5. Toxicity class III.
- Growth stimulants and prophylaxis
- Houseplant pest control products (insecticides)
Safety precautions when working with fungicides
During the treatment with fungicides, do not use food utensils, smoke, drink or eat. The processing is carried out in the absence of children, animals, and if there is an aquarium nearby, then it is tightly closed and opened only when the treated plants are dry. In case of massive disease damage, you can treat all contacting surfaces (glass windows, frames, window sills, tiles, etc.) if possible.
For those who suffer from allergies or skin eczema, the treatment is best done with gloves and a gauze bandage. Do not forget to look at the hazard class of the drug used. After finishing work, hands, face and all used equipment should also be washed with soap and water. Store fungicides in a dry place, out of the reach of children and animals, keep away from fire.
If the fungicide accidentally gets into the human body, drink a few glasses of water, induce vomiting and consult a doctor immediately.