Fitosporin - Instructions, Application, Detailed Description, Consumption Rates

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Fitosporin - Instructions, Application, Detailed Description, Consumption Rates
Fitosporin - Instructions, Application, Detailed Description, Consumption Rates
Video: Fitosporin - Instructions, Application, Detailed Description, Consumption Rates
Video: Фитоспорин-М Для растений. Как правильно использовать. 2023, February
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Microbiological preparation of a new generation, effective against fungal and bacterial diseases on any crops - home flowers, rooted cuttings, in the garden on fruit trees and shrubs, on all vegetable crops. Active ingredient: Bacillus subtilis 26 D, 100 million cells / g. Manufacturer: "BashInkom", UFA. Chemical class: Bacterial fungicides and biological pesticides. Impact speed - from the moment of processing.

Produced in the form:

  • powder (with a titer of at least 2 billion spores and living cells and spores / g) in sachets of 10 and 30 g, 1 teaspoon of powder - 3.3.5 g.
  • paste (with a titer of at least 100 million living cells and spores / g), in a bag a flat cake weighing 200 g.
  • liquid (aqueous suspension with a titer of at least 1 billion living cells and spores / ml).

The use of phytosporin

Fitosporin-M refers to systemic drugs that can spread through the vascular system of plants. Its basis is a spore culture, by products of its vital activity (it produces fungicidal oligopeptides) suppresses the reproduction of pathogens of fungal and bacterial plant diseases:

phytosporin
phytosporin
  • alternariosis,
  • powdery mildew,
  • bacteriosis,
  • bacterial spot (black rot),
  • bacterial cancer,
  • white spot (septoria),
  • brown rust,
  • root rot,
  • monolithic burn,
  • powdery mildew,
  • scab,
  • peronosporosis (downy mildew),
  • penile rot,
  • rust,
  • rhizoctonia,
  • snow mold,
  • dry and wet rot of tubers,
  • tracheomycosis (tracheomycotic wilting),
  • phytophthora,
  • phomosis,
  • fusarium rot,
  • cercosporosis, etc.

And also rot during storage of tubers and bulbs: white rot, gray rot, black dry rot, fruit rot, dry fusarium rot, etc. Fitosporin is not a panacea for all diseases of garden crops and indoor (tropical) flowers, its effectiveness may differ in different plants and, depending on the disease, ranges from 65 to 95%. These are very good indicators, given that the drug is low-toxic, and can be safely used even in an apartment.

The great advantage of this preparation is the preservation of living cultures in a wide temperature range from -50 to + 40 ° C. The biological product retains its properties even after freezing and thawing. Under unfavorable conditions for it, the bacterial culture of Bacillus subtilis turns into a spore state, vital activity is suspended, but as soon as conditions are restored (for example, after defrosting), the bacteria become active, inhibiting pathogenic fungi and bacteria. In addition, the biofungicide Fitosporin-M can be enriched with a humic bioactive fertilizer GUMI (this should be indicated on the package). Humic acids are needed only for the roots; there is no need to add humic acids for spraying vegetables and fruits, including before storage.

The main advantage of phytosporin-M is the ability to use it at any time at any stage of plant development - during the growing season, flowering, fruiting. The manufacturer guarantees the safety of the crop even on the day of phytosporin treatment. However, there is a significant drawback: the bacterium hay bacillus (any of its strains) die in bright sunlight. If you want to apply phytosporin spraying for diseases, do it exclusively in cloudy weather, or at the end of the day, when it gets dark. Iplants.ru also reminds: do not forget to wash fruits and vegetables with hot water, and berries - cold running and boiled, before eating and preparing meals.

If you need a fungicide to protect your garden, vegetable garden and home flowers from the group of biological products, pay attention to another drug in this group - Trichophyte.

Fitosporin instruction

Fitosporin is used for treating seeds, cuttings, preparing the land before sowing and planting, for spraying vegetative and fruiting plants. Treatments can be carried out in any weather, but after rains, the protective film formed from spraying is partially washed off, so re-spraying is necessary. Frequency 7-14 days depending on the weather. In the period of long, lingering rains, it makes sense to spray 2 - 3 hours before rain or immediately after rain. If Fitosporin is used for irrigation, then the frequency of treatments is 1 month for vegetables and 2 times a month for fruit trees and shrubs. Indoor plants once a month.

Phytosporin can be sprayed on fruit trees and shrubs from scab. 5 g of powder per 10 liters of water can be sprayed as much as you can get from the stairs along the crown. It is best to combine spraying with phytosporin with a growth stimulator - zircon 1 ml per 10 l of water. Spray the first time on the spread of the leaves, the second when the ovary is slightly smaller than a quail egg. Watering fruit trees is probably not justified - too much solution needs to be prepared and not everything is absorbed by the roots.

Fitosporin powder

Dilute 1-2 hours before processing.

  • For soaking tubers and bulbs: 10 g of powder per 500 ml of water, spray with this solution, enough for 20 kg of processing of pre-planting material.
  • For soaking seeds for 2 hours before planting: 1.5 g of powder (0.5 tsp) per 100 ml of water.
  • To soak the root system for the prevention and treatment of rot, before planting seedlings: 10 g of Fitosporin per 5 liters of water, soak for 1-2 hours. You can water the soil with this solution after planting or transplanting (like regular watering).
  • For the prevention and treatment of fungal and bacterial diseases, spraying on the leaf:

    • potatoes - 10 g of powder per 5 liters of water, again after 10-14 days,
    • cabbage - 6 g per 10 l of water, again after 2-3 weeks,
    • tomatoes, peppers, eggplants - 5 g per 10 liters of water, again after 10-14 days,
    • cucumbers - 10 g per 5 liters of water, spray three times with an interval of 10-15 days.
  • For spraying indoor and garden flowers: as a prophylaxis, 1.5 g (1/2 teaspoon) per 2 liters of water; for the treatment of diseased flowers 1.5 g per 1 liter of water.
  • To prepare greenhouses and soil before planting vegetables and berries: spray 5 g of powder per 10 liters of water on the surfaces of greenhouses and greenhouses, water the soil, a week before planting.

Fitosporin paste

Fitosporin-M paste contains GUMI, so nothing needs to be added to it. Preparation of the solution concentrate: dilute 100 g of phytosporin-m paste in 200 ml of water, or in any other amount in a 1: 2 ratio. The resulting concentrated solution can be stored, and before use, dilute again with water at the rate of:

  • Tubers and bulbs before storage or planting, spraying at the rate of 3 tbsp. tablespoons of solution concentrate in 1 glass of water.
  • For soaking seeds of vegetables, garden and indoor flowers - 2 drops of a concentrated solution in half a glass of water, soak for 2 hours.
  • For rooted cuttings: 4 drops of working solution per 1 glass of water (200 ml).
  • Spraying vegetables, berries, fruit trees and flowers on a leaf for the prevention and treatment of various diseases - 3 teaspoons of concentrate per 10 liters of water or 4 drops of concentrate per 200 ml of water, watering and spraying.
  • Houseplants: 10 drops per liter of water for spraying and 15 drops per liter of water for potting soil.

Fitosporin liquid

Liquid phytosporin (in a ready-made solution) is intended, first of all, for spraying vegetative plants on the leaf (including indoor plants), as well as for spraying vegetables, fruits, berries, tubers before storing them. At the same time, the manufacturer offers the same solution in different versions: you can see a bottle with the inscription "Fitosporin - M Biosecurity for flowers and indoor plants", "Fitosporin - M Golden Autumn", Fitosporin - M Storage "- these are identical solutions in terms of quantity beneficial bacteria and used in the same way: at the rate of 10 drops per 1 glass of water (200 ml). You can root cuttings in the same solution, or soak the seeds.

Fitosporin-M Reanimator

Concentrate of spores of bacteria Bacillus subtilis, the preparation contains amino acids, antibiotics of natural origin, vitamins, enzymes that help dissolve the cell walls of pathogenic fungi and bacteria. The drug helps to restore plant growth due to disease damage, as well as from the effects of adverse factors affected by waterlogging, sunburn, frozen plants. Can be combined with growth stimulants.

Phytosporin consumption rates

  • At the beginning of the disease, dilute the drug in a ratio of 1 part of the concentrate to 20 parts of water, thoroughly spray the plants. Reapply after 10 days.
  • With a strong degree of development of the disease, dilute 1 part of the concentrate with 2 parts of water. Reapply after 10 days.

Consumption of the prepared solution is 1 liter per 10 sq. m.

Is it possible to spray plants with phytosporin during fruit ripening

Phytosporin can be sprayed on any plants during fruiting and flowering, including tomatoes, cucumbers, grapes, strawberries and strawberries, raspberries. The berries can be eaten the same day.

Fitosporin for tomatoes and cucumbers

phytosporin for tomatoes
phytosporin for tomatoes

Phytosporin is especially popular for the treatment of tomatoes and cucumbers. Unfortunately, these vegetables have a lot of diseases, and the labor invested in growing seedlings, preparing greenhouses, refueling with fertilizers is so great that it is especially offensive to lose the harvest. Disease control chemicals can persist in fruit tissues for up to 30 days, spraying tomatoes and cucumbers during flowering with pesticides is unacceptable - if a pesticide gets on a flower, it can penetrate the ovary and persist until the fruit ripens. Although, in general, it is possible to spray tomatoes during flowering and fruiting: foliar dressing, for example, with boric acid, and of course, the prevention of late blight with phytosporin.

The bacterium Bacillus subtilis is stable in a wide range of temperatures, but the optimal conditions for its development are 20-25 ° C. Tomatoes and cucumbers should be sprayed with a solution prepared from 5 g of phytosporin-M per 10 liters of water, the maximum protection is given by repeated spraying after 5-7 days. But the concentration of the solution is not important - you can measure everything, focusing on the color of the solution - put phytosporin (paste, liquid or powder) so much that you get the color of tea; it is important to spray in the evening, it is better when it gets dark - the bacteria quickly dies in the light. If you have tomatoes and cucumbers planted outdoors, do not spray in cold weather!

Watering tomatoes and cucumbers with a phytosporin solution can be done in any weather, but the action is somewhat slower. Therefore, watering for late blight and other diseases should be at least once every five days.

Fitosporin Compatibility

The drug is compatible with many chemical pesticides: for example, with insecticides - Decis, Aktara, Fitoverm; fungicides - Strobi, Quadris, Tilt premium, Fundazol, Vitivax 200. With fertilizers and growth regulators (Zircon, Ribav-Extra, Epin, Oberig, Plantafol); antibiotic drugs - Fitolavin. It is important not to combine with alkaline solutions! It should be noted that some variants of Fitosporin-M contain GUMI (humic acids), for example Fitosporin paste. In this case, it is inappropriate to combine them with growth stimulants.

In addition, the manufacturer produces Fitosporin special for specific vegetables, for example "Fitosporin-M cucumber" or "Fitosporin-M tomatoes" - their difference is that they contain microelements (different in each) that are more necessary for a particular vegetable garden. And therefore, it is advisable not to replace them on vegetables, if there is no specific name, to use Fitosporin-M universal, and not to combine spraying with mineral fertilizers, so that there is no excess of some minerals.

Toxicity

Fitosporin has a hazard class 4 for humans (it can cause slight irritation of the mucous membrane when in contact with a preparation or solution) and a hazard class 3 for bees (border protection zone for bees 4-5 km). Not phytotoxic, harmless to beneficial insects.

Security measures

Use gloves to process, avoid smoking, drinking, eating during work. In case of contact with the skin or mucous membranes, wash off with water, if it enters the digestive tract, drink 3-4 glasses of water, induce vomiting, take several tablets of activated carbon.

Store the drug in a dry room, optimally from -20 to + 30 ° C, separately from food and medicine, out of the reach of children and pets. Shelf life is 4 years. Storage of the working solution is permissible in moderate temperatures, protected from the sun.

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