Grandma's Hippeastrum

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Grandma's Hippeastrum
Grandma's Hippeastrum
Video: Grandma's Hippeastrum
Video: Обработка новых луковиц гиппеаструма 2023, February
Anonim

English version GrandmothersТ hippeastrums

After a controversial discussion on the forum in the topic "Shouldn't we give us a name for grandmother's hippeastrum?" (and a vote was taken), the idea arose in writing this article in order to avoid myths about the names of unnamed grandmother's hybrids.

Where did these unnamed grandma's hybrids come from? The answer to this question can be obtained by looking at the history of distribution and hybridization of hippeastrum. The study of hypeastrum began at the end of the 18th century. Botanists William Herbert, John Gilbert Baker, and later Hamelton Paul Trobe and others, have made tremendous contributions to the study, description, classification and development. First, the wild species hippeastrum were described. The species hippeastrum found in nature were taken to the famous Botanical Gardens for further study and use in hybridization.

hippeastrum
hippeastrum
hippeastrum
hippeastrum
hippeastrum
hippeastrum

To date, about 80 species of hippeastrum have been found and described by botanists in nature in tropical and subtropical regions of Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Portugal, Brazil, Venezuela.

Hybridization began in 1799. By crossing Hippeastrum reginae x Hippeastrum vittatum, the first hybrid was obtained, officially named Hippeastrum x johnsonii in honor of its originator, the English watchmaker Johnson.

Not only botanists, but also gardeners became interested in hippeastrum, by the middle of the 19th century there were more than 100 varieties. Hippeastrum became widespread in Holland, England, USA, Australia. Hippeastrum has been imported to Russia since the middle of the 19th century.

Interest in this culture in the world is growing every year. They are engaged in hybridization in Holland, England, USA, South Africa, Israel, Japan, Latin America, etc. By crossing species and / or varietal hippeastrum, originators (people who are engaged in breeding new varieties) annually receive hundreds, or even thousands seedlings. Only the best are selected from these seedlings. The selection takes place according to certain criteria. When creating a new variety, the originator sets tasks for himself. For example, to get flowers of a certain unusual color and shade, or of a certain size (large-flowered or, on the contrary, small-flowered), or to increase the number of flowers on a flower arrow, or to get a strong, stable flowering, stress-resistant (disease-resistant, pest-resistant) variety, etc. In practice, only a few are the best seedlings,and the rest are discarded. There are unsuccessful crosses, from which all seedlings are rejected. All discarded seedlings are destroyed by a decent originator.

For further use of the best seedlings, the creator submits an application for registration of the variety. A registered seedling becomes a cultivar and receives a unique name. The registration procedure is complicated and not all seedlings go through it.

hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum

Hybrids from the famous James Veitch & Sons nursery in London

hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum

Leland Hermon Brown is a collector of hybrid amaryllis (Reginae and Leopoldii hybrids).

The question arises, why do you need registration? The answer is simple for order and conflict avoidance.

Let's give an example:

The first situation. Let's take two well-known originators, I will figuratively call them originator 1 and originator 2. These both originators are engaged in the selection of hippeastrum. In the course of their work, they get an excellent result, and they give the seedling the same name. These seedlings with the same names go on sale and after a while the buyers and the originators themselves understand that different varieties were bred, and they are sold under the same name.

Second situation. The same originators deduce a hybrid of the same external varietal characteristics, they call it different names. The flowers are completely similar and are sold under different names. As a result, again, an awkward, conflict situation - cheating the buyer, finding out who first brought this variety, who has the right to sell, etc.

So, so that there were no such awkward conflict situations, and there was order in the breeding of varieties, an organization was created that registers varieties and maintains a huge registration register. This register contains the main characteristics of the variety (size, color, flower shape, morphological features of the flower, etc.), how this variety was obtained (parents), by whom the variety was obtained, date of registration, information about the originator and the names of varieties. The names (titles) in this registry are unique, not duplicate. In accordance with the rules, you cannot take a name already in the registry. Even if it is the name of an old lost variety.

Today KAVB (Royal General Bulbous Plant Association) is the International Registration Authority (ICRA) for new varieties of the following plant genera: tulip, hippeastrum, hyacinth, crocus, muscari and irises.

After registration, the originator can obtain a patent for the commercial use of this variety. The patent protects against theft of intellectual property and gives the right to commercialize the variety on a large scale.

But not all originators go this way. Firstly, the registration procedure is an expensive pleasure, rather lengthy, and there is no guarantee that the seedling will be registered, that is, they may find reasons why registration will be refused. Secondly, there is no guarantee that the money costs and the time spent will pay off, the variety may not sell well. Thirdly, there are lovers of this culture who are engaged in pollination for the sake of interest. Usually, amateurs do not understand the basics and problems of variety breeding, do not destroy rejected seedlings, but distribute them among the same amateurs and do not think that the spread of marriage leads to global disorder. Some time will pass and in this rejected seedling collectors will begin to examine either the variety or the "species rarity" that the grandmother or aunt received in a strange way, and then donated it.

Here the question of unnamed hybrids is just raised. Basically, these are either culled or unregistered seedlings, or very old lost varieties.

And in the collections of fans of hippeastrum, Ubabushkin's hybrids are very often found. They got the name "grandmothers" just from fans of gippeastrum. There is no information about their selection, but the owners say about their origin "got from grandmothers from Soviet times." These grandmother's hybrids have characteristic distinguishing features and do not have a name (or it has been lost). So there was a proposal to collectively give a name and write a description.

Since we do not have information about the originator and the grade. It cannot be argued that these grandmother's hybrids are varieties. We have no right to give these hybrids an official name, since the official names are given only by the organization registering new varieties. We, as a collective of amateur hippos, give a working unofficial name with the abbreviation NI and draw up a short description of the hybrid. If, over time, authorship is established and information about the variety is found, the name and author will be corrected to official ones.

Hippeastrum Creole

Description to the grandmother's hippeastrum, which was given the unofficial name "Creolca-NI" by the group of amateur hippos of the portal iplants.ru

hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum

Unofficial name: "Kreolka-NI"

Origin: today there is no exact information about the origin of this hippeastrum and one cannot be sure that all plants similar in phenotype are a clone from the same plant, that is, they have the same parents, one cannot be sure that this plant is not spread by seeds, so similar plants are described as a hybrid group with similar phenotype.

Originator: unknown

Date of assignment of the unofficial name: 1.07.13.

Who assigned the name: ideological organizer Elena Shcherbakova. The name was given after a vote by a team of members of the forum iplants.ru

Classification: simple, medium-flowered (Medium).

hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum

The main tone of the flower: a single color flower with a light ray-shaped star in the throat. The flower is quite variable, the color can vary from light pink-orange to red-orange. The main color is applied in two stages, a lighter orange evenly along the petals, a dark red-orange along the longitudinal veins. In the collections there is a lighter clone, that is, the main tone is light, and the additional red-orange is applied along the longitudinal veins.

Number of flowers per flower arrow: 3-5

Flower shape: flattened flower, well open, perianth with a short tube.

Petal shape: oval petals, pointed to the tips. In full dissolution, the petals are bent.

Blossom size: from 10 to 16 cm

grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum

Description for this hybrid was made by Elena Shcherbakova:

Hypeastrum hybrid of unknown selection of Soviet times, good babyhood, blooms with a bulb diameter of 6-7 cm, the bulb is roundly elongated, an arrow of 40-45 cm is green without tanning, a flower diameter is 15 cm, a flower with a well-defined orange venation and stripe, with a characteristic light star, lasting from the throat along each petal, a little short of their edge. The star has more pronounced red borders, a bit in the throat is present, the throat is slightly greenish, the staminate filaments and pistil are not completely colored, starting from the throat they are white, the ends of the filaments brighten closer to the anthers, the stigma of the pistil is white, the color transition is smooth. Three or four flowers, green seed pods. The anthers are small, the pollen is yellow. The arrow appears at the same time as the foliage.

Hippeastrum Garnet Bracelet

Unofficial name: "Garnet bracelet-NI"

Origin: today there is no exact information about the origin of this hippeastrum and one cannot be sure that all plants similar in phenotype are a clone from the same plant, that is, they have the same parents, one cannot be sure that this plant is not spread by seeds, so similar plants are described as a hybrid group with similar phenotype.

Originator: unknown

Date of assignment of the unofficial name: 21.10.13

Who gave the name: the ideological organizer Elena Talantova. The name was given after a vote by a team of members of the forum iplants.ru

Classification: simple, medium-flowered (Medium).

grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum

The main tone of the flower: a solid dark red flower with a well-pronounced venation. Variable color from scarlet to ruby. In the throat, the red color is often not stained and the throat of the flower can be yellowish-green.

Number of flowers on a flower arrow: 3-4.

Flower shape: open flower shape, perianth with a short tube.

The shape of the petals: the petals are oval-oblong, pointed to the tips, bent in dissolution.

Blossom size: from 10 to 15 cm.

The description for this hybrid was made by Elena Talantova:

A deep red flower with dark red venation. Variable color from scarlet to ruby. In the throat, the red color is often not stained and the throat of the flower can be yellowish-green. The bulb blooms when it grows more than 5.5 cm in volume, 3-4 flowers on the flower arrow, the height of the peduncle is on average 50-55 cm. The size of the flower in full dissolution is 10-15 cm, the width of the segments is "sail" 4-5 cm, "wings" 3-4 cm, "paddles" 3-4 cm, "tongue" 2-3 cm. The size of the flower and the width of the petals, waviness strongly depends on the forcing and age of the bulb. Young and weakened bulbs can bloom at half strength, in small flowers with narrow petals. Petals are oval-oblong, pointed to the tips, bent in dissolution. The shape of the flower is funnel-shaped, open. Column of pistil, filaments are red, yellow-green closer to the throat,the stigma is white. The pollen is yellow, medium fraction. Leaves are green with a tan closer to the bulb, 50-60 cm high, 3.5-5 cm wide. The bulb is round, the scales are brown. Kidding is good.

Hippeastrum Dudka Satyr

Unofficial name: "Satyr's pipe - NI"

Origin: today there is no exact information about the origin of this hippeastrum and one cannot be sure that all plants similar in phenotype are a clone from the same plant, that is, they have the same parents, one cannot be sure that this plant is not spread by seeds, so similar plants are described as a hybrid group with similar phenotype.

Originator: unknown

Date of assignment of the unofficial name: 21.10.13

Who gave the name: the ideological organizer Elena Talantova. The name was given after a vote by a team of members of the forum iplants.ru

Classification: simple, medium-flowered (Medium).

grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum

The main tone of the flower: red-orange

Number of flowers on the flower arrow: up to 4 flowers

Flower shape: funnel-shaped, elongated

Petal shape: oval-oblong, pointed at the tips, curved in dissolution. There are white "claws" at the tips of the petals.

Flower size: about 15 cm.

The description for this hybrid was made by Elena Talantova:

The flower is red-orange in color with a light yellow star in the throat, in full dissolution with fine wavy edges on all petals. The bulb blooms when it grows more than 5 cm in volume, there are usually 4 flowers on the flower arrow, the height of the peduncle is on average 50-60 cm.The size of the flower in full dissolution is about 15 cm, the width of the segments is 2-4-5 cm, the narrowest lower segment. Petals are oval-oblong, pointed to the tips, bent in dissolution. There are white "claws" at the tips of the petals. Flower shape funnel-shaped, elongated, open. From the side, the flower looks very graceful due to the elongated funnel. The pistil column, filaments are colored red from the stigma to the middle, light green from the middle to the throat, the stigma is white. The pollen is yellow, medium fraction. The leaves are green with a slight tan closer to the bulb, about 60 cm high,about 5 cm wide. The bulb is round, the scales are brown. Kidding is good.

Hippeastrum Wonderful oars

Unofficial name: "Wonderful paddles - NI"

Origin: today there is no exact information about the origin of this hippeastrum and one cannot be sure that all plants similar in phenotype are a clone from the same plant, that is, they have the same parents, one cannot be sure that this plant is not spread by seeds, so similar plants are described as a hybrid group with similar phenotype.

Originator: unknown

Date of assignment of the unofficial name: 21.10.13

Who gave the name: the ideological organizer Elena Talantova. The name was given after a vote by a team of members of the forum iplants.ru

Classification: simple, medium-flowered (Medium).

hybrid hippeastrum
hybrid hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum
grandmother's hippeastrum

The main tone of the flower: red-orange with a light ray-like star in the throat and a dark red bit.

Number of flowers on a flower arrow: 2-4

Flower shape: open flower shape, perianth tube of medium length.

Petal shape: oval-oblong, pointed to the tips.

Flower size: 12-15 cm.

The description for this hybrid was made by Elena Talantova:

The flower is red-orange in color with a light ray-shaped star in the throat and a dark red bit, with wavy edges. The bulb blooms when it grows more than 4-5 cm in volume, flowers on the flower arrow 2-4, the height of the peduncle is on average 40-50 cm. The size of the flower in full dissolution is 12-15 cm. In the dissolution, the petals are well bent. Three outer segments ("sail" and "oars") are oval-oblong in shape, sharpened to the tips. Three inner petals ("wings" and "tongue") of a narrower oblong shape, pointed towards the tips. The shape of the flower is funnel-shaped, open. Pistil column, filaments shorter than segments, colored light yellow from throat to middle, red from middle to stigma and anthers. The stigma is white, the pollen is yellow.

Authors: Elena Talantova and Elena Shcherbakova

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