Aphid - Photo, Aphid Remedies, Control Measures, Insecticides, Folk Methods

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Aphid - Photo, Aphid Remedies, Control Measures, Insecticides, Folk Methods
Aphid - Photo, Aphid Remedies, Control Measures, Insecticides, Folk Methods
Video: Aphid - Photo, Aphid Remedies, Control Measures, Insecticides, Folk Methods
Video: How to Get Rid of Aphids Guaranteed (4 Easy Steps) 2023, February
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Aphid superfamily Aphidinea has about 4000 species, about 1000 species live in the European part of the continent. These are incredibly voracious pests that can reproduce in a wide range of temperatures; they are not afraid of either cold snap or heat, or rain, or dry air.

In gardens or in the vegetable garden, you can find black and green aphids. Aphids are especially dangerous in early spring, when the plants are just starting to grow, they affect the tips of young shoots, flower stalks, and in fact many garden crops bear fruit precisely on annual shoots. The fight against aphids in the garden should also be aimed at destroying ants, read: How to destroy aphids in the garden and aphids on currants

Aphids get on indoor plants with flowers from the garden and with plants purchased in a store or garden center. Most often it is a green aphid. Wingless adult aphids 1.4-2.5 mm long, light green, yellow or pink. Colonies of aphids inhabit all parts of the plant, starting from the tops of the shoots, where the most delicate leaves are. They damage flowers, buds, ovaries, buds, and plants with delicate leaves (balsam, campanula, tradescantia) gobble up completely.

Often aphids on indoor plants, aphids look like dandruff on the plant, the flowers are very deformed. The damaged parts are discolored, the leaves curl, turn yellow and fall off. The plant is severely depressed and stops normal development. The buds do not open, the flowers become dirty with sticky secretions.

Photo of aphids

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aphids are guarded by ants
aphids are guarded by ants
ladybug against aphids
ladybug against aphids

How to deal with aphids

Aphids are widespread in nature, easily reproduce in the garden and vegetable garden, but they are not found on indoor plants as often as thrips, ticks or whiteflies due to the fact that many firms do not fly (not migrating). But they can be brought into the house with cut flowers, store-bought plants, and even leafy vegetables.

If you find aphids, immediately take measures to treat the plants. First, you should try non-chemical methods of struggle - wash the plant with soapy water under a hot shower. It is necessary to cut off all affected leaves, cut off the tops of the shoots.

Then we move on to insecticides.

Aphid remedies

Aphid remedies can be of contact action - they kill pests when the solution hits the body of an insect and intestinal action - they poison when eating leaves.

The insecticides of these groups include: karbofos, fufanon, actellik, fitoverm, Bi-58, Decis, Inta-vir, Karate, Talstar, Fas, etc. see insecticides. These insecticides have a big drawback in the fight against aphids: aphids cause curling, deformation of the leaves. In order for the solution to penetrate all the folds and crevices, it is necessary to spray it very carefully, it is imperative to cut out the affected areas, and even better, immerse the branches in an insecticide solution.

There is a group of drugs of systemic action (intestinal contact), these insecticides differ from aphids in that, when spraying or watering, they penetrate the tissues of the plant and are carried with the sap of plants along all branches, shoots, leaves. These are drugs: Aktara, Tanrek, Apache, Confidor. They are good because if you did not manage to thoroughly moisten the entire plant, the drug will still reach every leaf.

If you spray plants affected by aphids with systemic drugs, the result can be expected in 30 minutes - the pests stop feeding, freeze, die within a day. The period of protective action is on average 2 - 4 weeks.

Actara consumption from aphids:

If the drug is in the form of dry water-dispersible granules (powder in a sachet, the package says Aktara VDG), take 8 g per 10 liters of water. You can use 1 g per 1 liter of water for indoor flowers. For gardening, the consumption is the same 8 g per 10 liters, except for currants - it is easy to burn, the concentration is less than 2 g per 10 liters of water.

If the actara is in the form of a liquid - a bottle with the inscription Aktara KS (suspension concentrate), dilute 2 ml of actara in 10 liters of water for spraying or 1 ml per 10 liters for root irrigation. Water the soil, as you usually water the flowers, 2-3 treatments are allowed.

How to destroy aphids - personal experience

ladybug against aphids
ladybug against aphids

Olesya: It is recommended to put fragrant geranium near plants infected with aphids: in two days the pests will disappear.

Olesya: You can use infusions of onion husks, garlic, tomato leaves, infusing them during the day in the dark in the following concentration: 200 g of onion husks in 10 liters of warm water; 100H 150 g of dry leaves or peels of garlic bulbs per 10 liters of water; 40 g of dry tomato leaves are crushed, insisted in a small amount of water for 2-3 hours, filtered and added with water to 1 liter. They are processed 3 times with an interval of 5 days.

Crushed hot peppers (500-700 g fresh or 200 g dry) are boiled for an hour, then infused for a day, squeezed, filtered and stored in sealed glass bottles. Before spraying, 80-100 g of concentrate and 40 g of soap are taken on 10 liters of water. The broth is effective against sucking and gnawing pests.

irina-bahus: Folk remedies for aphids help, of course, and harmless, but fiddle with them! And the most unpleasant thing is that they do not help for long. The smell is gone - aphids are right there. I now have aphids all the time trying to devour nasturtium on the balcony. At first I tried it with onion husks: a week later it appears again. Then she spat and sprayed with phytoverm. It helped, the aphid was gone.

Anyuta: I watered with phytoverm. Agravertine also helps, but be sure to spray it twice, at weekly intervals.

Elena: Against aphids, drugs such as Agravertin and Fufanon help, Fitoverm and Actellik are effective.

Natali: Aphids are dangerous not only because they eat up leaves and flowers, but also because they are a carrier of viral and bacterial diseases, and this is much more dangerous. In indoor conditions, aphids are not such a common pest, but the likelihood of their appearance increases in the summer, especially if the flowers are near an open window or on a balcony. Many insecticides are effective against aphids: fury, decis, intavir, actellic, as well as aktara, confidor, etc.

You can use a fresh broth of onions (200 gr. Husk per 5 liters of boiling water, close tightly and leave for 2 days) or a solution of green soap, but if the aphid infestation is large, it is better not to risk it and use insecticides.

The question of combating aphids with the help of beneficial insects was also discussed. However, we come to the conclusion that this method also does not justify itself. Not one useful insect is needed, but a small herd, for example, ladybirds (aphidophages - they feed on aphids).

Decoctions and infusions of herbs against aphids

Decoctions of such plants as wormwood, tansy, yarrow, hot pepper, dandelion root, garlic bulbs, onion scales, steep infusion of tomato or potato tops, mustard scare away or destroy aphids. Dusting with tobacco dust helps.

At home, the most acceptable folk remedies for aphids in the form of an infusion of garlic: crush 1 clove (large) or grate on a glass of water. You can let it stand for about 10 minutes. Then spray all the leaves of the affected plant in the most thorough way. If the leaves are curly or deformed, prepare the solution in a small bucket and immerse the branches and leaves in the solution. Chop a head of garlic into a 5 liter bucket.

After the solution on the leaves of indoor flowers dries. Rinse them off with clean water. Repeat the treatment every other day.

The same infusion of garlic helps with ticks.

  • Ticks, scale insects, scale insects
  • Fungus gnats, wood lice, millipedes and other pests

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