Puffins, Springtails, Collembolans - Photos, Descriptions Of How To Deal With Them

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Puffins, Springtails, Collembolans - Photos, Descriptions Of How To Deal With Them
Puffins, Springtails, Collembolans - Photos, Descriptions Of How To Deal With Them
Video: Puffins, Springtails, Collembolans - Photos, Descriptions Of How To Deal With Them
Video: Коллембола - Collembola 2023, February
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How to identify a podura (collembola)

You have someone jumping in a pot of flowers - these are most likely puffs or collembolas. Who are they?

There is a large group of soil inhabitants, biological class: Colembola Collembola (Podura) - this includes collembola, podura and springtails. They are a type of arthropod, but they are neither spiders nor insects.

Collembolans live in soil, feed on organic matter (plant and animal debris), as well as microscopic fungi and algae. They prefer a damp substrate, so indoor plant owners can find this living creature if the plants are periodically flooded.

The sizes of representatives of sugars are usually in the range from 0.05 mm to 1 cm. They are so small that it is impossible to really see who is jumping in the pot. Sometimes, silvery white worms are found in the pan after watering. They move very quickly, in some species three pairs of legs and antennae are clearly visible. The podur has a tail - this is a jumping fork that serves to push off the support, so jumps happen very high.

The color of collembolas ranges from pure white, milky transparent, yellow, gray, to black. There are striped: black and yellow or tiger colors. There are, similar to a caterpillar, a worm or a spider, but they are all endless. The body is usually elongated, oval, fusiform, ovoid.

springtail
springtail
springtail
springtail
podura
podura
collembola
collembola
collembola
collembola

Pests appear in large numbers in the soil, which remains damp for a week or longer, sometimes devouring the ground parts of the plant. They are really capable of causing harm to plants, but only young and tender ones - they eat up seedlings and thin roots.

How to get rid of springtails and podura

The first thing to do to get rid of springtails or podura is to properly dry the soil in the pot. This is especially important for the health of plants that cannot tolerate stagnant water in the roots, excessive dampness: dracaena, ficus, dieffenbachia, citrus fruits, gardenia, milkweed, adenium, brunfelsia, bilbergia, peperomia, gerbera, sheffler, azalea, etc. Most plants tolerate overdrying - and it is necessary to dry to such a state, until the pot becomes noticeably light. You can calmly dry the soil in pots with ficuses, shefflera, peperomia, succulents, dieffenbachia, lemon, dracaena to the state of dust. But some plants do not tolerate complete dryness, gardenia or azalea can turn yellow, lose leaves and die. Therefore, focus on the requirements of plants for care and external condition.

In addition, if the weather is very hot, above 26 ° C, sunny and dry, any plants can hardly tolerate drying out the soil in a pot!

It is most correct to remove the plant from the pot and check for rotten roots, it may soon be necessary not only to get rid of pests, but also to treat diseases: root and stem rot and bacteriosis. You need to understand that springtails, suckers and collembolans are an indicator of the state of the earth. An indicator that you have a swamp in your pots.

There are plants that love dampness, for example, cyperus. But in pots with cyperus, there are almost never goats and springtails. Do you know why? Because the roots of Cyperus, despite the dampness, are healthy and not rotten! Soil bugs multiply where there is rotting organic matter.

So, sort out the state of the roots:

  • remove old soil if necessary
  • cut off rotten roots
  • dry the root ball if needed in the shade on the newspaper, or blot the roots thoroughly with a lump of toilet paper
  • sterilize fresh soil, especially if using garden soil
  • after transplanting into fresh soil, take preventive measures against rot - spill it with phytosporin (2-4 g per 1 liter of water)
  • do not flood plants henceforth

The first method of struggle: if it is not possible to transplant plants, for example, a palm tree in the roots of which podura is bred, is planted in a large tub, then you need to water the soil with insecticides: aktara, tanrek, Apache or any available drug from the Colorado potato beetle. Leopards are very resistant to insecticides, so a single watering and low concentration may not help; an aktar, for example, needs to be diluted in 8 g per 10 liters of water. Preparations for slugs help get rid of springtails: for example, Thunder-2. To do this, remove the top layer of earth (about 1 cm), sprinkle the soil with Thunder-2, on top - the removed earth, do not water until the next time.

The second method, if the use of insecticides is not available, and drying the earth does not help, is to powder the entire surface of the substrate with ash, a very thin layer (the method is not suitable for plants that love acidic soil: azaleas, camellias, conifers).

The third way: remove the top layer of the earth and add 2 cm of clean dry sand. Water so that this layer of sand dries out completely. In dry sand there is no organic matter and little air - puffins and springtails do not survive. But after 3-4 months you need to remove the sand and replace it with a layer of fertile soil.

The fourth method: watering the soil in a pot with hot water. Hot means about 65 ° C. Plants planted in the ground tolerate this procedure easily (except for orchids and ground cover). You need to water with hot water several times in a row as the next watering.

If the puffs are wound up in a pot with phalaenopsis, you need to remove the orchid from the bark, rinse the roots in water, plant in clean, not rotten bark, cutting off the rot and drying the sections (with charcoal).

Tips on how to deal with springtails and fools (from the forum)

Vita: The easiest and most reliable way to get rid of podura is to let the soil dry out and not flood the plant anymore, to adjust the watering, since podura prefer waterlogged soil.

Alex: It's easy to fight podura and mosquitoes - after watering, sprinkle ashes on top of the soil with a layer of 0.5 cm, after the soil dries, remove it, grabbing some soil - these insects will disappear. Ash has an alkaline reaction, and podura, as a rule, are found in acidic soil. So: ash, falling on the soil, simply burns the pests - a neutralization reaction occurs. It is good to add coal dust to the soil - there will never be mold and fungal diseases.

mIRAge: I got rid of the podur with bazudin: I poured it over the surface of the soil and set the pot with the plant in a sunny warm place. Two days later, the pests disappeared. Two weeks later they appeared again. Then she took out the euphorbia from the pot, checked the roots, washed it, scalded the pot and saucer with boiling water, planted and poured new soil, adding a large dose of bazudin. After the procedure, the euphorbia threw off the leaves, but did not die, overgrown, and there was no more goof.

VeraB: Take a box of matches and stick it head down into the soil all over the pot, with a picket fence. Leave it for a few days (two regular waterings, then you can clean it). It usually helps right away.

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