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Not so long ago, I acquired Phalaenopsis, which surprised me with its unwillingness to live in a transparent pot. The fact is that the roots of this plant are more sensitive to overflow than the roots of the phalaenopsis that I acquired earlier. The plant began to lose roots due to rot.
There was only one way out - to put them in the basket. This planting method is a cross between planting in a plastic pot and on a block. In room conditions, my phalaenopsis was too humid in the pot, the substrate dried out slowly and the roots were wet for a long time, the result is rot. But the block is not suitable either, since even with a humidifier, it will be too dry for phalaenopsis. The most optimal is the basket. In it, the substrate does not stay wet as long as in a pot, and there is more air access, but also not as dry as on a block. The only drawback of the basket is that the roots of the orchids firmly adhere to the wooden planks, and with further transplantation, the old basket is placed in a large one, and the difference is filled with a substrate.
So, let's go directly to what you need to have at hand for this operation - a lesson in pictures:
1. This is the plant itself.
2. Basket, uncut sphagnum moss, boiled and dried bark of different fractions. The scissors just hit the frame.
3. The basket can be made of either wooden planks or plastic mesh. The only difference is moisture capacity, since plastic does not absorb water, but wood does. In my case, I chose a wooden basket.
The bottom and walls of the basket should be laid out with uncut sphagnum moss, it will prevent the substrate from drying out very quickly, as well as its pouring out of the cracks in the basket.
4. After that, take the largest pieces of bark and lay out the bottom and sides of the basket.
5. Place the plant in the basket.
6. And only then fill with the bark of a smaller fraction, as for the usual planting of phalaenopsis.
7. The last step is to cover the substrate with sphagnum from above. This will also slow down the drying rate of the substrate.
I recommend growing epiphytic orchids in baskets that let flower stalks down through the substrate, plants that are sensitive to overflow, and people who often flood their plants.
Baskets are more decorative than plastic pots, but require more frequent watering. I hang them on a fishing line, which looks more decorative than a rope and saves space on the windowsill.
Watering orchids in a basket - by immersion, and then until they are completely drained. The basket of this phalaenopsis hangs on the south window and dries very quickly, you have to water it every 2 days. Therefore, in my opinion, ordinary phalaenopsis can be planted in baskets, but it is troublesome with watering.
If you have several orchids, then I do not recommend planting them all together in one large basket - it will be better if you plant each one in its own small basket.
Natali's comment: If you have a cold, not enough light, I also do not recommend planting orchids in a basket this way. Otherwise, the roots will take too long to dry and will simply rot. Ideally, the root system of orchids should dry out no longer than a day, but preferably within a few hours. But in the same way, you can plant orchids without moss - cover the walls of the basket with a mosquito net from the inside, place the orchid and cover it with pine bark or pieces of wine cork, fraction 1-1.5 cm.