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I warn you right away that all of the following does not in any way claim to be a real bonsai. Real bonsai has been grown for decades, it is a whole art. But for those who want a miniature plant in a bowl, without the difficulties of formation, it is quite possible to get it.
It so happened that the beloved cordilina grew, partially the stems below were bare, which is quite natural for this plant and her appearance became not as good as before.
Plants such as dracaena, cordilina, dieffenbachia, ficus elastica can be renewed or rejuvenated by cutting and rooting the top.
My cordilina was grown from a piece of stem and had three trunks, so I cut in three directions and got three apical cuttings. The cuttings were placed in a jar of water for rooting, and I began to think about what to do with the hemp.
Cordilina cuttings root perfectly in water. The stump left in the pot quickly began to grow new greens.
On the thickened part of the stem, I cut off all the dry roots to get a thick, smooth stem covered with bark.
Young healthy roots are white and juicy. The area marked with the arrow was the underground part of the stem.
After planting, the soil in the bowl was compacted tightly.
The soil was covered with green moss from above.
Here's what happened after a couple of months.
You could have left it in the same pot, but in a large pot, the cut plant does not grow well. Therefore, I took it out of the pot and, shaking off the ground, I saw that the part of the trunk, which was under the ground, was very thick, overgrown, covered with bark - an ideal trunk for imitation of bonsai.
The roots were completely healthy, and I boldly cut them off, and the core of the main root, too, sprinkled with crushed coal.
There was no suitable container or container, because I got down to business spontaneously, without assuming that I would want to make a bonsai. Therefore, I decided to plant a cordilina stump in a flat cookie jar.
The underground part of the stem, which had a thickening, was covered with thin sparse roots, making their way through the bark. I cut them all off with scissors. And she cut the root ball to the height of the bowl.
Drainage holes were made in the bowl, but I did not put the drainage in, because the pot was too low, the soil in it dried out very quickly.
When I was convinced that the cordilina took root well, I transplanted it into a special container for bonsai.
Pebbles on the surface of the soil have replaced moss, which dried in the sun, and they are needed not only for decorative purposes, but also so that the soil retains moisture longer.
When planting the cordilina, the thickened part of the stem was above the ground, reinforced the trunk with large river stones. The soil in the bowl was covered with green moss taken from the poplar in the park.
The soil in a bowl was poured first with a solution of "Maxim", a week later with a solution of Aktara, this was necessary in order to disinfect the soil from pathogenic fungi or bacteria (green moss cannot be scalded with boiling water or heated in the oven), as well as possible pests.
After 2 months, all cordilina hemp turned green.
The new crown has significantly smaller leaves than those on the tops that I cut off, and the plant really looks like a dwarf tree.
I must say that cordilina is easy to care for and such an imitation of bonsai can be made by anyone, even not the most experienced florist. The only thing worth paying attention to is the susceptibility of this plant to infection with a spider mite, and drying out of the tips with a lack of moisture.
In a flat wide bowl, the evaporation surface is much larger than in a pot and the plant has to be watered much more often than potted plants, in summer every day, in autumn - in winter in 2-3 days.
In addition to cordilina, various varieties of ficus benjamin, and even hibiscus, can be grown in a miniature bowl or low pot. Just prune the crown and the lower part of the root system periodically. Hibiscus has large leaves, and the plant itself grows into a small tree at home. But I have been growing in a small pot for many years. As soon as the leaves begin to grow in spring, I prune one or two old leaves every week. I trim and pinch the shoots throughout the summer, i.e. I do not let the crown grow too thick and stretch to growth. But in order to maintain harmony and proportions, you have to transplant and cut the roots twice a summer. Here it is important to cut off only the peripheral part of the roots and not to disturb the part of the root ball that is near the trunk.
Rowan in a pot
Above - reddish-red rowan trunks, crossing each other and lying on the surface of the stones.
Inspired by the obtained "pre-bonsai" from cordilina, I began to look closely at all the plants on the street, of course nothing beats the beauty of a dwarf pine or cedar tree, but you can find something similar in our latitude. And I found it was a mountain ash. I must say that mountain ash very often have sufficiently flexible roots to successfully dig them out of the ground and often bizarre trunks.
The trunk of the plant - "bonsai" is one of the most important - it distinguishes bonsai from a simple indoor or outdoor plant. It is much easier to bizarrely bend branches with wire than to find or grow a plant with a thickened and / or curved trunk at the base.
My mountain ash turned out to be two gentle at the base of the trunk, crossed with each other. In order to painlessly get it out of the ground, I had to dig in the ground around it about 70 cm in diameter.I did not break off the roots that did not give in and did not pull out of the ground (you cannot pull too hard, since there is not just a rupture, but deformation of the root over a long length), and cut with scissors.
After that, I shook off all the earth, which easily separated and bought out the remaining root ball with earth in a basin, until the earth cleared as much as possible, and it became clear how to cut the roots.
I planted a mountain ash in a plastic bowl. And she took the soil from the same hole where the mountain ash grew. After transplanting, I did not water it for 2 days, but placed a bowl with rowan under the bag for about a month. The fact that the mountain ash took root became clear when young leaves began to appear. In the fall, I gave the mountain ash to a friend, she spent the winter in a box, on the balcony, wrapped in a blanket. Leaves, of course, all thrown off. Oddly enough, the mountain ash survived, grew over the next year, but I had to transplant it into a regular pot. We put it in the coolest place - in the foyer of the kindergarten.
Plant in a bowl
Growing a real bonsai from seeds is a very long time, it will take many years and patience. The seeds require special handling and care. It is much easier to take traditional plants that have been grown as bonsai for many years. One of them is azalea.
I got a small, blooming azalea and I immediately decided that its place was in the bowl. But replanting a blooming azalea, and even pruning the roots, is detrimental to the plant. Therefore, it was necessary to wait for the end of flowering. When the last flower withered, I shook the plant out of the pot, but I didn’t get rid of the old earth, I just stirred up the dense interlacing of the roots from below, I had to make literally one incision and spread the lower part of the roots to the sides.
At the same time, the upper part of the roots, along with the ground, was not touched.
I needed a shallow bush, so I bent the young shoots a little to the ground with paper clips.
Here's what happened:
Initially, the azalea bloomed with bright pink flowers in a small but tall pot.
Top view - in the second bloom, the flowers were lighter in color.
Side view. But the bright pink edging along the edge of the petals remained.
I will add that I regularly (once every 2-3 weeks) feed the azaleas with Kemira-Lux fertilizer, at the rate of 1 teaspoon per 5 liters of water. But this is not a complete component of success, it is equally important not to flood it, and keep it in a cool place from the end of summer. Now my azaleas are gaining a new color, being on the windowsill under the constantly open window. As soon as the temperature drops to -5 ° C, the first flap of the window will close, and the flowers will be fenced off from the heat of the room with a transparent plastic wrap.
I have not one azalea, the second, blooming with white flowers, appeared by chance and is also now formed as an imitation of a bonsai. In June, passing the school, I saw a dying azalea on the southern windowsill. The branches were already drooping, but the last white flower still held its head proudly. I just went to school, found a teacher and said that I would try to revive the plant.
I brought this azalea from school, the leaves still perked up after 2 days spent on the cool balcony.
For a sick plant, it is necessary to preserve the roots as much as possible without disturbing the earthen lump.
So the azalea turned green and bloomed six months after the transplant.
I suffered for a long time, until about September the azalea was in a bag. I treated it with iron vitriol several times, trying to get rid of chlorosis on the leaves - I did not dare to transplant it. And at the end of summer, she finally shook out the chlorous creature, but alive and giving new leaves from the pot. There was no need to cut the roots - there were only a handful of them. They fit nicely into a bonsai container.
4 months have passed, and it blooms again - with white flowers, as you can see, the crown has turned green and again pleases the eye.
Article author Natali (2003)