Hoya Wax Ivy

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Hoya Wax Ivy
Hoya Wax Ivy
Video: Hoya Wax Ivy
Video: Wax Ivy Care Guide 2023, February
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hoya multiflora
hoya multiflora

I want to tell you about one of the most beloved decorative flowering ampelous plants - hoyah. These plants are known to many, and are often found in the offices and apartments of Russians, but not all of these amazing plants bloom. Their undoubted advantage is that they withstand shade and decorate rooms with their foliage, but with sufficient sunlight, they delight us with abundant and fragrant flowering.

Hoya got its second name "wax ivy" thanks to dense, leathery leaves and flowers, as if covered with a layer of wax. It is known that the genus includes up to 200 species, most of which are native to Southeast Asia and the northeastern states of Australia.

Hoyi are climbing evergreens with whip-like shoots, on which you can see numerous rudiments of adventitious roots. Fleshy leaves sit opposite, on short petioles. The flowers are star-shaped, usually fragrant, collected in drooping umbellate inflorescences. In the center of the flower there is a five-membered crown, which in fact is a modified stamen and pistil, it exudes nectar abundantly. More often it is painted in reddish tones. The petals are white or with slight shades - cream, greenish, yellowish, there are species with yellow and purple-red flowers.

Hoya growing questions - in the section Frequently asked questions about plants.

Hoya - features of care - in the section of the Encyclopedia of Houseplants.

As a houseplant, the fleshy hoya is the most common. Less often they grow beautiful hoyi, bella and long-leaved. The rest of the species are found only among professional collectors.

Hoyi are unpretentious, easily reproduce by vegetative means and do not lose their decorative effect for 10-15 years. With proper care, hoya bloom from spring to autumn, and old specimens bloom twice a year.

Hoya types

hoya shepherdii
hoya shepherdii
  • Hoya pale Hoya acuta is a climbing plant, homeland is China. Leaves are pale green, oval-lanceolate, with a pointed tip, about 7-10 cm long and 3-4 cm wide. The flowers are yellowish, fragrant, about 1 cm in diameter, carmine crown. There are a lot of them in the inflorescence - up to 50 pieces. It blooms in summer, with a pleasant mint or citrus aroma, very unpretentious.
  • Hoya Shepherdi Hoya shepherdii is a vine with thin shoots. The leaves are dark green, shiny, tough, pointed at the end, bent like a boat along the central vein, 12 cm long, about 2.5 cm wide.The flowers are small, very fragrant, the inflorescence is relatively small for such long leaves - only about 5 cm in diameter, contains 12-15 flowers, 1.5 cm each. The petals are white and the tips are light pink, the crown in the center is red. Homeland - India.
  • Hoya fraternal Noua fraterna is a climbing plant with broadly elliptical, very large thick leaves, long internodes. The flowers are pink-red, the crown is yellow, blooms reluctantly, rather capricious. Homeland - the island of Java.
  • Hoya regal Hoya imperialis is a climbing plant with downy shoots. Leaves are smooth, leathery, oval-oblong, rounded at the base and shortly pointed at the apex, 15-20 cm long. The petiole is pubescent, 5-7 cm long. The flowers are large, dark red, greenish-yellow outside, fragrant. The crown is pubescent. Blooms in June. It occurs naturally in the forests of the Malacca Peninsula and the island of Borneo. There is a garden form Rausch (var. Rauschii) with scarlet-red flowers.
  • Hoya long-leaved Hoya longifolia is an epiphytic dwarf shrub with thin curling stems. Leaves are dark green, fleshy, narrow, linear-lanceolate, pointed at the top, up to 18 cm long and about 1 cm wide. The flowers are small, white, with a weak aroma. The corolla of the flower is pubescent on the inside. The crown is white, with a carmine spot in the center. Homeland - humid subtropics of Burma and Indonesia.
  • Hoya large-leaved Hoya macrophylla is a liana with woody shoots. Leaves are light green, fleshy. Elliptical-lanceolate, with a pointed apex, 15-20 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, with almost white veins slightly protruding above the leaf surface. The flowers are white, with a reddish tinge along the edge, fleshy, the petals are pubescent from the inside. Homeland - the rain forests of Java.
hoya bella
hoya bella
  • Hoya multiflora Hoya multiflora is a climbing plant. Leaves are oblong-linear, sometimes with silvery spots, well visible veins, 10 cm long and about 3 cm wide. The flowers are straw-yellow, with narrow petals, orange at the ends. The crown is white, with arcuate spurs, the flowers have a delicate lemon scent. There are 30-40 flowers in the inflorescence. Homeland - the forests of the islands of the Malay Archipelago.
  • Hoya fleshy Hoya carnosa - woody liana. Climbing shoots, pubescent. Leaves are dark green, ovate-oblong, shortly pointed, less often obtuse, 5-6 cm long and 3-4 cm wide. Flowers up to 1.5 cm in diameter, with a pleasant strong aroma. The petals are wide, fleshy, white or pinkish-cream, with slightly bent back edges, densely pubescent from the inside. The crown is yellowish, with a purple spot in the center. Blooms profusely in spring and summer. Homeland - forests of tropical and subtropical Asia and Eastern Australia. Garden forms with variegated and white-bordered leaves are known. This is the most common type of hoi among amateur flower growers.
  • Beautiful hoya Hoya bella is a dwarf (up to 30 cm tall) shrub with thin, creeping, densely leafy shoots. Leaves are light green, ovate-lanceolate, pointed, 2-3 cm long. The flowers are small, 6-8 per inflorescence, have the same aroma as daffodils. Petals are white, fleshy, pubescent on the inside. The crown is pink-crimson. Blooms in a lot of abundant and long lasting. Homeland - the forests of South Burma and the island of Java.
  • Hoya Emglore Hoya engleriana is an epiphytic shrub, Leaves 15 mm long and about 4 mm wide, slightly convex, completely different from other species, resemble hoya bella leaves, only narrower (about twice). The flowers are 1.5-2 cm in diameter, the petals are white, slightly bent back, the crown is red-violet, pubescent from the inside. Low-flowered inflorescences - maximum 4-5 flowers. Homeland - Burma, Vietnam, Thailand.
  • Hoya southern Hoya australis is a woody liana with long (up to 6 m) climbing shoots. Leaves are dark green, leathery, shiny, ovate or obovate, obtuse or shortly pointed at the apex, rounded at the base, 5-8 cm long and 3-5 cm wide. Inflorescences are almost spherical, 5-6 cm in diameter, composed of 20-25 fragrant flowers. Petals are smooth, shiny, white, with a crimson spot at the base, slightly pubescent. During flowering, the edges are folded back. The crown is white. Blooms in October. Homeland - Eastern Australia and Fiji Islands, Samoa.
  • Hoya pitted Noua lacunosa is a shrub with climbing shoots 60-100 cm long.Leaves are dark green, elliptical or lanceolate, pointed at the apex, 6 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, with depressed large lateral and middle veins (hence the name "Pitted"). The flowers are numerous, greenish-yellow, fragrant. The petals are fleshy, pubescent on the inside, bend back during flowering. The crown is yellow. Found in the forests of the islands of the Malay Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula.

Sometimes people ask the question: is it possible to keep hoya (wax ivy) at home, there are prejudices that it brings misfortune. It went due to the fact that the aroma of blooming hoya intensified towards night, and the white color for some peoples is a symbol of death. Well, if you are from such a people, then you can not read this page further … In fact, in many countries - hoya is considered a symbol of conjugal love, it is placed in the bedroom and included in wedding bouquets, just because of the sweet aroma, but about "muzhegon" was invented by envious people.

Hoya care

Hoyi grow well in rooms, they easily tolerate dry air. It is best to place them on the east or west windows. On northern windows, or in a room in the distance, even near the lightest window, they usually do not bloom. From direct sunlight at noon (from 11 to 14), plants need to be shaded in the spring and summer, because burns may occur. Hoya can get burns when placed on the southern window (from mid-spring to September), but in winter - from November to February, it can grow on the southern window. On the east or west window, if its leaves come into contact with the glass, burns can also form.

At the same time, the leaves first become discolored, then turn light brown. I have hoyas growing on eastern windowsills in hanging pots, and bloom all summer.

The optimum temperature in summer is from 22 to 25 ° C, in winter from 16 to 18 ° (for meaty hoya 14-16 °). Plants can hibernate in warmer rooms, but in this case they will bloom worse.

hoya compacta
hoya compacta

Hoya is watered abundantly in summer. But so that the earth dries out completely in about 2 days. During the rest period - very moderately, the earth can dry out completely in the pot, but overdrying can only be short-term. They are fed 2 times a month alternately with organic and complete mineral fertilizers.

I usually use Kemira-Lux fertilizer for flowering plants, and when transplanting I add vermicompost. After the transplant, the first feeding is carried out no earlier than 2 months later.

You can not fertilize hoyi only with organic matter, or make very large dosages. In this case, the hoya will fatten, grow a leaf, become susceptible to fungal infections, and will not bloom.

As a tropical epiphytic plant, hoya loves moist air, so you can spray it in the morning and evening. But besides this, dust accumulates over time on large hoi leaves. It should be washed off in the shower with warm water. Only during this procedure, avoid waterlogging of the earth. The miniature hoya bella is especially prone to rot.

The soil mixture is prepared from turf, leafy soil, humus and coarse sand in equal parts. You can add peat and charcoal to the substrate. Hoya is planted in baskets, hanging pots, small-leaved species, such as hoya bella or hoya emglore, can be grown as epiphytes, in peat alone with the addition of sphagnum moss. Many wax ivies do well in hydroponics too.

Hoyi breed easily. For cuttings, cut segments of shoots with 1-2 pairs of leaves in fleshy hoya (and other large-leaved species); in species with small leaves, longer cuttings with 3-5 pairs of leaves can be cut. For rooting, cuttings are placed in wet sand or water. And you can cut the cuttings at any time of the year, as long as the temperature during rooting is not lower than 20 ° C, and the cuttings are in a bright place. Cuttings take root in 3-4 weeks. And then they are planted in pots with earth. With good care, hoya bloom in the third year.

Few people use the method of breeding hoi by air layers, but this is an interesting experiment. To do this, part of the shoot, where there are many rudiments of adventitious roots, must be wrapped in wet moss with sphagnum, covered with cling film on top and tied with thread. After 2 weeks, roots should grow in this place. But the moss must be constantly wet, so the film must be slightly opened and moistened. When the roots appear, the cut can be cut off and planted in a pot, right along with the moss. This method allows for earlier flowering.

In many wax ivy, flower stalks persist for several years, forming new buds every year, so they are not removed after flowering. But from my own experience I know that if you cut off a heavily overgrown fleshy hoya, it will still bloom if it was able to rest in the cool in winter, and if it has enough light.

Posted by Devi

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