Roses Roses - Growing And Care Features At Home

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Roses Roses - Growing And Care Features At Home
Roses Roses - Growing And Care Features At Home
Video: Roses Roses - Growing And Care Features At Home
Video: How To Grow Roses - This Is What Professionals Do! 2023, February
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indoor rose
indoor rose

Family Rosaceae.

Rosa is the Latin name for rose hips. But we are accustomed to calling only wild forms as rose hips, and cultural, including indoor roses, is a generalized name for decorative varieties and species. The homeland of roses is Southeast Asia, most of all types of roses grew in Persia and Macedonia. These are almost the first flowers that were first grown in ancient Rome, then spread throughout Europe. Initially, roses were mastered in gardens and greenhouses, a huge number of shapes and lines were bred by breeders, and miniature babies appeared among them, who won their place on the windowsills of ordinary houses.

In room culture, remontant roses, hybrid tea, as well as polyanthus roses and Pernetsian roses are grown. By the way, the popularly known name 'Chinese rose' belongs to a completely different plant - Hibiscus.

Roses are quite demanding in culture, for example, they like space, fresh air. They suffer greatly from dry air and high temperatures, especially in winter. Their leaves shrink, dry and crumble, buds are not formed, and flowering is short-lived. But worst of all, roses are very susceptible to the attack of spider mites.

Indoor roses also love when the soil breathes, so you need to plant them in drained soil and loosen the soil in a pot more often.

Indoor rose care

Light mode

Home roses are light-loving plants. The best windows are southeast and west. On the southern windows for roses it is too hot in summer, on very sunny days, their flowers open quickly, but quickly fade. It's too dark on the north windows. If in the summer indoor roses are taken out into the garden and placed directly in pots on the leeward side, then they easily get used to a sunny place, but they can slightly tan (the petioles and leaves acquire a reddish tint).

Fresh air

Roses are very demanding for fresh air. Therefore, when the weather permits in spring, it is necessary to start opening the windows and gradually accustom the roses to the fresh air. In summer, it is advisable to keep flowers on the balcony, veranda, or take them out into the garden. The stuffiness in the rooms greatly inhibits the growth and flowering of roses. But this is not the worst thing, with excessive watering and poor ventilation in the apartment, fungal infections appear on the plants, gray rot is especially dangerous. At the same time, in the fresh air, indoor roses are susceptible to powdery mildew and other fungal infections that can be found on garden roses. In fact, it is almost impossible to protect roses from all infections, even if the flowers grow only on the windowsill, they can still be attacked by spider mites (brought with the wind when ventilated). Snails can climb into pots with flowers taken out into the garden.Therefore, just regularly inspect the plants, use spraying with a solution of green soap or phytosporin as a preventive measure.

indoor rose
indoor rose

Watering

Indoor roses are very sensitive to waterlogging of the soil, especially in winter and spring, with the beginning of the first growth. There is a rule: underfilling is better than overfilling. But complete overdrying also threatens with loss of flowers and death.

You need to water the roses like this: touch the soil in the upper part of the pot (immerse your finger 3-4 cm in the ground), if it is still damp, wait with watering. If the soil is dry, but still wet, wait a day or two with watering. And only when the soil at the top of the pot has dried thoroughly, and there is still no complete dryness inside the roots, can you water it.

The frequency of watering depends on the temperature - when it is warm, the earth dries faster, you need to water more often. In spring, with the beginning of growth and an increase in the number of shoots and leaves, it is also necessary to water more often than in autumn, when growth stops. In summer, in hot weather, the soil dries out faster, more abundant watering is needed. Approximately from mid-August, when daylight hours have decreased and autumn is approaching, watering begins to decrease, it is sufficient, but not as abundant as in summer. This applies to those varieties that have bloomed from spring to summer. Those varieties that started flowering in the middle of summer are watered as they dry up, and watering is reduced when flowering ends.

In autumn, when there is high humidity on the balcony or in the room, the soil in the pots dries slowly, watering should be done especially carefully. If it's rainy outside, water the roses only when the soil in the pot dries well.

Water for watering roses needs soft, without chlorine and salts, use rain, boiled or filtered water at room temperature or slightly warmer. Watering with cold water is very harmful for roses, especially when the plant has stood for a long time on a sunny window, i.e. the roots and soil in the pot are heated, and the water suddenly cools them.

Air humidity

Indoor roses love humid air, the optimum humidity is 50%. Therefore, they are sprayed once a day, in hot dry weather 2-3 times a day. Roses cannot be sprayed when they are in the sun, otherwise the plant will get sunburn. It should be noted - there is an opinion that in dry air, roses are more prone to be affected by ticks. In fact, ticks appear on roses at any humidity of the air, even at almost 99% humidity, ticks live and live, but when it is dry and warm, the tick development cycle is several days faster than when it is cooler and, accordingly, higher humidity. In other words, the mite harms roses in any humidity, but when it is dry several times faster.

Caring for roses in winter and spring

indoor roses
indoor roses

From mid-summer to late autumn, indoor roses are kept at normal room temperature, and in summer they are taken out into the garden or on the balcony. The optimum spring-summer temperature is 14-20 ° C.

Since roses are plants with a mandatory dormant period, it is better to ensure that they overwinter correctly (from October to February). This requires a low temperature, therefore, from mid-autumn, when the roses have already faded and the leaves have begun to shed, they are placed in a cooler room, where the optimum temperature is 5-8 ° C.

If you do not have a room where you can keep roses in winter at the right temperature, then you can leave the plants on the windowsill in the apartment. But, in order to isolate the roses from the warm room and the heat from the batteries, in order to bring the temperature of their content as close as possible to the required one (5-8 ° C), you can put a glass barrier.

As you know, there are two frames on the windows. You thoroughly insulate and glue the first (outer) frame and do not glue the second (inner) frame, but at the edge of the window sill you fix a sheet of glass with dimensions: equal to the length of the window sill and about 50-60 cm high.If the temperature on the window sill is not low enough, you can open inner window frame and adjust the temperature. Even if you only have one rose pot, you can put other plants on this "wintering" window sill that require a cool temperature in winter. If you are not sure that the temperature will not drop too low at night, then do not leave the inner frame open overnight. There must be a thermometer on the winter windowsill so that you can always find out the temperature. It will also be betterIf you put the pots of roses on sheets or foam coasters, you can also make a shelf out of wooden slats (like the one used in the bathroom). This is necessary in order to protect the pots of roses from the cold windowsill.

When roses are kept in cold conditions (5-8 ° C, for example, on a warmed balcony in winter), they are practically not watered, i.e. the ground must be dry and also not sprayed. Watering is allowed with a very small amount of cool water, only if the leaves begin to droop. It is necessary to ensure that the leaves of the roses do not come into contact with the window glass, if there are several pots on the windowsill, then they should not be crowded. The area for overwintering roses must be kept dry and clean.

Since February, despite the fact that the temperature is low, daylight hours increase, there are more sunny days and roses begin to grow. Therefore, from the beginning of March, the protective glass is removed, and if the plant has wintered on the veranda or other cool room, then it is brought into the room.

With the transfer of the plants to the room, you need to carry out hygienic procedures: examine the bush, remove if there are dried, yellowed leaves, blackened shoots, and arrange a warm shower for the plant, having previously washed it with soapy water to prevent the appearance of pests. It is impossible to do a transshipment or transplant immediately after rearranging the plant in a warm room, you can only change the top layer of the earth. After bringing the plants into the room, they immediately begin regular spraying (morning and evening) and gradually increase watering. With proper overwintering and care, buds begin to appear on the roses in March.

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