Table of contents:
- Spider mite on a rose
- How to care for roses in winter
- How to care for a rose in a pot after purchase
Roses are loved by everyone both in bouquets and on window sills, but how often those who have taken up their cultivation and breeding face problems. There are many questions, but there are three, the answers to which are of interest to everyone:
- How to deal with a mite on roses
- How to arrange roses for the winter
- How to care for a rose in a pot after purchase
Caring for Roses - in the section of the Encyclopedia of Houseplants.
We conducted a survey among flower growers who have been growing roses for several years, and here are the answers:
Spider mite on a rose
Berry: Phytoverma did not find anything better for fighting the tick. Moreover, the testing of other remedies for ticks on roses ended unsuccessfully for me, there was some kind of massive yellowing, and I associate it with the change of funds. I returned to phytoverm - mass yellowing is not repeated yet. I try to process it quite often for prevention, at least once a month.
Irina-bahus: As a prophylaxis, a weekly hot shower (the water temperature is not much higher than the body temperature), in case of a tick infestation (rarely), three times spraying with phytoverm or actellik with an interval of 10 days, I spray it in the evening, at night under the bag, in the morning I open the bag.
Severina: I fight the tick with the help of chemistry, I spray it with actellik, neoron if the population of the tick is already large enough and with phytoverm - if it has not yet multiplied too much. If I’m not lazy and don’t forget, then once a month for prophylaxis I water it under the root with non-phytotoxic drugs, the same actellik or phytoverm. With each subsequent etching, the preparations are changed. This is to prevent the pest from becoming addicted to the drug.
Ljuba: The mite appeared on roses for the first time only this summer. Until now, if there was, it was in very limited quantities. After the purchase, I wiped the leaves and twigs with medical alcohol (the roses were still small). I stuck sticks of systemic insecticide into the ground. They are sold here, they help against ticks, aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, whiteflies and other pests. Powdery mildew periodically appeared on one rose, sprinkled with tea with garlic. While I sprayed other roses prophylactically, the mite did not appear, this summer I relaxed a little, forgot to use insecticide and spray all the roses. On the one that was sprayed with tea all the time, the mite did not appear, on three - it appeared in a limited amount (even without the cobweb). Sprayed with insecticide Omite (Slovak), recommended specifically against ticks. He helped, but I don't like him,on flowers with delicate leaves and flowers, burns may appear (personal experience). So it's better to go back to prevention with garlic tea.
Recipe for ticks on roses: pour 70 g of peeled and chopped garlic in 1 liter of hot water, leave for at least 6 hours, do not dilute. Spray the roses, wetting the leaves on both sides. After 3-4 days, repeat, and so 3-4 times. You do not need to wash off the solution.
marie: I fight mites on roses with a soap solution (we sell a special solution in Montreal, but it is ineffective). A hot shower works better. The water temperature is tolerably hot for a person, I did not measure it with a thermometer. I also tried a cold shower, but it was of little use. She arranged a shower often - about once every two weeks.
Folk remedy for ticks and powdery mildew on roses
Morela: I will share folk remedies for ticks and powdery mildew on roses.
- Horsetail decoction - strengthens plant tissues and works well against powdery mildew, rust and the notorious red spider mites.
- Preparation: put 1 kg of fresh or 150 g of dried horsetails in a plastic vessel and pour 10 liters of cold water. Leave it all to infuse for 24 hours. Then, cover with a lid, simmer for 30 minutes. to release the silicic acid. Then remove the lid and let cool. Strain and pour into a plastic container. For spraying, the broth is diluted with water at 1: 5.
- Usage: for prophylaxis, the whole plant is sprayed on especially hot days, before the onset of heat (then the effect of the broth is most powerful). Additionally, the roots are also watered with broth. If necessary, the procedure is repeated several times.
- Important: the broth retains its properties only for two weeks. At the beginning of fermentation, the broth is used only for watering (for this, 1 liter of the broth is diluted in 10 liters of water).
- Personal advice: do not keep the broth in a metal container, because acid eats away at it.
How to care for roses in winter
Berry: According to the rules, wintering roses should be cool, about 10-12 degrees. Until now, I have not been able to create such a wintering place for them, at least 17-20 could provide, and they do not feel very well at this temperature. Hot. I water in winter as standard - not letting the earth dry out. Again, because it's hot. I spray often, they react badly to dry air from central heating. In general, they react badly to the heat in winter.
Irina-bahus: My rose with cacti hibernates at + 6-10 degrees, watering is rare, not more than once a month, and not abundant. Before wintering, I cut off the leaves and especially long branches to fit between the frames. Watering is reduced gradually. Wintering approximately from late October - early November to March.
Severina: Roses in winter stand on a glazed loggia as long as possible due to weather conditions (up to + 5C). This winter they stood until the end of December, the door to the loggia from the apartment was open. With the onset of severe frosts, I transferred them to the room, placed them in plastic bags, wrapped them in newspaper and laid them on the lower shelf of the refrigerator. I did not prune, only those branches that did not fit were cut to an acceptable length. Three weeks later, upon examination, I discovered that the branches at the cut points and the soil began to mold. The roses were dried at room temperature for 2 hours, wrapped in one newspaper and placed back in the refrigerator. With periodic examination (once every 2 weeks) and light moistening, they were kept in the refrigerator until spring (2 months), after which they were removed, warmed up at room temperature for about 5-6 days, transplanted and cut off.
If the winter is cold initially and it is not possible to keep the roses on the loggia for a long time, I place them on the windowsill under a 40 W fluorescent lamp, do not cut them off, water them as the earthen coma dries and not so abundantly, periodically etch them from the tick, wash them, spray them. In the spring, the procedure is the same - transplant, pruning.
Ljuba: I bought my roses in winter. So they spent the first winter in an apartment, in a room with a reduced temperature, they sprayed it every day. But when I bought a mini-rose with a frost-resistant sign, she did not like it in the apartment, she had to be moved to the corridor. In the corridor the temperature in winter is 5-10 ° С, one wall is made of glass, so there is enough light. The leaves were thrown off only when new ones began to grow for them (end of January). This year I want to try to leave them on the terrace with security. Medicinal plants also overwinter with me. I will wrap the pot in a foil with air bubbles, and cover the upper part of the plant with a special material to protect it from frost. When it does not freeze, I will water it.
marie: For the winter I placed roses between the window frames. The pots were on plastic stands. On particularly cold days, the inner frames were pushed aside. I watered only when the soil in the pot dries well - literally until it squeaks. Then I watered - on a fairly warm day, in the morning. Before being placed for the winter, the crown of the rose was pruned, and after wintering, I did only a cosmetic pruning - I removed the twigs that had dried up or froze.
Morela: I have been doing roses for 10 years. They hibernate in my open field. They bloom several times a year, from May to January. In winter, I don't wrap them up with anything. In the spring I prune them, in April. But we must wait for all the buds to bloom. Then it will be clear where to cut. Spider mites are red spider mites. It sucks the sap out of the plant so that it turns yellow and dies. It brings the greatest harm in hot dry summers. Symptoms: The surface of the leaf is covered with yellow dots that turn brown. A cobweb is visible on the underside of the sheet. Control measures: do not plant roses on the sunny side. Treat the plant with a decoction of horsetail, as well as acaricides.
How to care for a rose in a pot after purchase
Ljuba: I must wash the newly bought rose under a cool shower and spray it with phytoverm. A few days later, I transfer it to a slightly larger pot, adding new soil. I handle it very carefully, without interfering with the root system at all, roses do not like this. I never plant if there is more than one bush in the pot I bought. A few days later, if possible, I spill the actara, this is a standard procedure for all newcomers. For the rest, I take care of the roses as usual - watering as the soil dries, be sure to dry it, do not bring it to mold. But as soon as the ground is dry on top - water, then loosen. I feed roses from spring to the end of summer with Fertika-Lux fertilizer.
Irina-bahus: I don’t prune the newly presented flowering rose, and I don’t even always transplant, I let it bloom, then I cut the peduncles and transplant it into a normal pot and soil. Roses do not like root injuries, so I advise you to plant them carefully. In the future, I take care of the same as for other indoor plants.
Severina: If a rose is bought in late autumn or winter (which is extremely undesirable), I bring it home and leave it as it is for 2-3 hours, do not unpack it so as not to subject it to a sudden change in temperature, thereby driving her even more shocked.
I unpack, cut off broken buds or branches (if any), examine for the presence of pests, put my water at room temperature (instead of spraying) in a spacious bag, the top of which I do not close and put in the brightest place. As the leaves and buds fall off, I remove them from the surface of the soil, while this pink behavior does not shock me, this is normal. I spray periodically and do not move back and forth. After a few days (4-5) I remove the package and continue spraying.
I do the same with summer roses, only I take them out to the loggia. 3-4 weeks after purchase (provided that the plant was healthy) I make an easy transplant. I shake off the soil that I shake off myself, pour drainage into the pot, a little earth on top, put a rose bush and fill up the soil. Slightly compact, water and cut the branches to a state of 2-4 buds. I remove it from the direct sun for two weeks.
Ljuba: When buying the first rose, I read that roses are individualists and do not like to grow in the same pot. Therefore, I decided to plant two mini-roses. After a period of adaptation (two weeks), she cut off the flowers, divided the roses in water, the roots were intertwined there, which was impossible otherwise. Carefully, so as not to damage, I took them apart with a thin stick. Then I left them for half an hour in water with a fungicide, while I prepared the earth. I planted, transferred the transplant easily, did not drop a leaf. The next rose (yellow) was transplanted as well, but the flowers were not cut off. She endured it well too, only it was a little boring. After being transferred to the corridor, she became cheerful again. I could not plant the last pink one, so the roots were confused. So, I transplanted it half, half passed. Bloomed all the time. So it's hard to say which was the best for roses.Probably you need to do with each rose as your heart tells you. And of course, depending on the state of the rose.
marie: Immediately after the purchase, I cut the purchased roses, transplanted (did not transfer, but transplanted them with washing the roots to free them from the old soil). I planted it in a new soil - special for roses, one bush per pot.
svetiktimka: I have had a rose from the store for two years. Before doing something with her, I gave 2-3 weeks to adapt in the apartment. Then she cut off all the roses and buds, transplanted them into a larger pot. There were four of them, I wanted to plant, but did not injure the roots - they need to be protected. I took the earth from the dacha, examined (what I could see) the roots, cut something and powdered it with root (I did not particularly disturb the earthen lump). That's all. Of course, during this time we were "visited" by a tick, but I quickly got rid of it, fortunately I noticed it on time, treated it with soap solution (laundry soap), a week later I repeated this procedure again. That's how she clung to me, now she pleases with numerous flowers, though it would be nice if they bloomed at the same time.
How to care for roses, discussion on the forum:
- Growing roses
- Pruning roses, shaping, rooting cuttings