How To Care For A Lemon And How To Grow From A Cutting

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How To Care For A Lemon And How To Grow From A Cutting
How To Care For A Lemon And How To Grow From A Cutting
Video: How To Care For A Lemon And How To Grow From A Cutting
Video: Growing lemon tree from cutting/ Easy to make lime tree from cutting 2023, February

Lemon propagation

the stalk blooms
the stalk blooms

Question: Why do some cuttings of lemons and other citrus fruits that have been rooted bloom?

Alex: The flower buds were already planted on the cut branch of the mother plant, it is possible that the change in conditions provoked them to bloom. If the flower buds have not yet had time to start, then until the stalk takes root, there will be no flowers or buds. Also, the buds can begin to bloom on grafting during the fusion process.

Question: Does flowering on cuttings slow down root growth?

Rooting citrus cuttings - Alex's article with a detailed description.

Alex: Blooming will delay the formation of roots, and if there are already small roots, then they develop very slowly. I have two greenhouses with lemon cuttings. In one, the cuttings did not bloom, powerful roots are visible through the plastic, no roots are observed in the flowering one.

Question: Does the growth of twigs on cuttings also detract from the roots?

Alex: Shoot growth on rooted cuttings also slows down root formation. These shoots feed on the internal reserves of the cuttings, then they often die off or only one leaf remains.

Question: I thought that the appearance of a new shoot on the cuttings just indicates that it had already taken root and started to grow. This is not true?

Alex: If the stalk has been rooting for 1.5-2 months, then we can assume that the roots have grown and the development of shoots has begun, but if the shoots appeared on the stalk after a week, then there is no question of the formation of roots. Some types of citrus fruits (clementine), after standing on rooting for 1.5 months, release shoots, take it out of the greenhouse, and there only callus has formed, but the roots are still not visible.

Question: Does it make sense to pluck the shoots and flowers on a rooted lemon cuttings until the cutting has spent all its energy on them?

Alex: Yes, shoots can be removed, just first you need to make sure that the roots have not taken root. It will also take a lot of energy to germinate the next bud. But I do not remove the shoots, although this really negatively affects the formation of roots in the cuttings. I act according to the rule: what is to be is inevitable, if the stalk wants to live, it will survive in any conditions, if it is destined to die, it will die sooner or later. But the buds on rooted cuttings are a big threat to the survival and growth of roots. They need to be plucked out in their infancy.

meyer's lemon
meyer's lemon

Question: I have one lemon stalk driving buds instead of shoots. I pinch them - again the buds. I have already thrown off the old leaves, well, what can I do with it, it has already taken root, and has thrown off the leaves?

Alex: Put a few drops of ammonia on the soil, and place the handle under the bag - let it breathe in nitrogen, this can stimulate growth.

Question: Upper buds sprouted on cuttings, the neck of the greenhouse bottle interferes with the twigs. What to do? Leave the cuttings in the greenhouse until spring, maybe cut the throat of the bottle? Or early?

Alex: I transplant all rooted plants at any convenient time. After planting on the pot, I put on the upper part of the plastic bottle and put it under the lamps. After three or four weeks, I begin to accustom young plants to indoor conditions: first I unscrew the cork, then I cut the neck, then I make an incision even lower, but it is easier to have all these elements ready and change them as needed. In addition, if you do not dare to transplant, then build up the greenhouse with the middle part from another bottle (make an insert) or take another bottle and cut it closer to the base.

Jah: When rooting citruses, I quite often take them out of vermiculite and examine them - if small, 5 mm or more roots appear, then I plant them in individual one-hundred-gram cups with soil, and put a half-liter glass on top. After a week or two, when the roots appear through the walls of the glass, I cut off the bottom at the top, that is, I cut off the edge of the bottom so that there is a small hole. After another week or two I take off a large glass. So I recommend planting rooted ones.

rooting lemon
rooting lemon

Question: I planted tangerine cuttings at the end of August in accordance with Alex's recommendations. Provided light and warmth. For two weeks now, the cuttings have been throwing out buds, which I cut off. November, and the roots are not visible.

Alex: Do not dig up the soil to check the roots, if they appear, they begin to grow very quickly and reach the wall of the greenhouse through which they can be clearly seen. Real tangerines take root for a long time, I have several cuttings of Unshiu tangerine without roots since February, although the callus was formed a long time ago. Hybrids take root more easily, some species, as well as lemons, take root after 3 weeks.

Question: What is the maximum permissible soil temperature for citrus rooting?

Alex: The most optimal air temperature for rooting is 22-25 degrees, while the soil temperature should be 2-3 degrees higher. In summer, at 30 degrees heat, the cuttings also rooted well, but here again the rule must act: the higher the temperature, the more light the cuttings should receive.

Question: I sometimes put greenhouses with cuttings on the radiator (battery). First I put a towel, and then I put a greenhouse, the temperature on the towel is about 30 degrees. I have a question whether it is necessary to combine heating and light (additional lighting)? Or can we say heating at night, and light during the day !?

Alex: Cuttings do not need excessive heat without lighting, the leaves consume their nutrients for the formation of roots, but without light there is no photosynthesis and the restoration of nutrition of these leaves is impaired.

For example, now, in November, cuttings take root in such conditions: at night the temperature in the loggia is +14 degrees Celsius. In the morning, with increasing light, the temperature gradually rises, when it starts to get dark, from about 15-30 hours, the backlight turns on. Cuttings receive additional light and heat due to the installed lamps under the shelf - the temperature rises to + 25-27 degrees. At 22-00, the lighting turns off, and the temperature begins to slowly drop.

rooting lemon
rooting lemon

Question: Where do cuttings root better - in water or soil?

Valery: I put two cuttings, rooted both in the ground and in the water. But I noticed that when rooting in the ground, the roots are better. Other citrus fruits have the same effect.

Odina: Cuttings set in the ground rooted faster and 100%. And some of the cuttings put in the water died.

Question: How to warm up the soil in greenhouses when there is no heating season?

Jah: I recently experimented with a halogen spotlight. It not only heats up the air, but also emits a lot of infrared rays that heat up rather distant objects, especially black ones. I noticed the accelerated formation of roots in lemon cuttings (Pavlovsky gave roots in less than a week) and germination of seeds (after the start of heating, 2 annona, 2 carambola and 40 physalis seeds sprouted simultaneously).

But you need to be very careful with infrared rays, chances are good to cook cuttings.

Natali: Ground heating can be done with a conventional electric heating pad. The energy consumption is not very high, the temperature is usually regulated. If there is no heating pad, take a shoe dryer, now they are sold in any Fixprice. But I advise you not to leave cheap dryers unattended or, in extreme cases, turn them on through a power filter, which is protected against short circuits.

How to care for lemon

Question: I was presented with a small lemon tree, how to care for it

Alex: To care for lemon, like other citrus fruits, they need light, be sure to at least 4 hours of direct sun a day, water after the top layer of the earth has dried. The roots of the lemon grow, form a thick, wide washcloth, the earth between them is compacted. Therefore, after abundant watering or on duty once a week - loosen the soil, especially along the edge of the pot. Top dressing with fertilizers special for citrus fruits or complex fertilizers for flowering plants, Fertika-lux is very popular. Caring for lemon - to prevent pests, especially ticks. Examine the leaves, wash off the dust in the shower.

Plant growth regulators

Question: Has anyone used phytohormones (zircon, etc.) growth regulators for rooting, what are your impressions?

Antonina: This year, when cutting lemons, zircon was added to the heteroauxin solution according to the instructions. Rooted in a standard way: soaking for 8-12 hours in a stimulator, then planted in the soil - 50% soil and 50% sand. Until not a single cutting has died, about 70% of the roots have given a month later, the rest (without leaves) are still standing, but the state is encouraging. In my opinion, it is worth using.

Valeriy: I use either root or a mixture of heteroauxin with zircon. Sometimes a mixture of heteroauxin with vitamin B1 and nicotinic acid. Rooting with zircon alone did not work for me.

1. For 100 ml of boiled water of heteroauxin 60 mg; vitamin B1 10 mg; nicotinic acid 10 mg. (If B1 and nicotinic acid are in ampoules, then it is necessary to recalculate mg in ml, depending on the percentage composition).

2. For 100 ml of boiled water 20 mg of heteroauxin and 4 drops of zircon.

Sergey: For the experiment, I put three cuttings from the same tree for rooting in one place, but I used different drugs to stimulate root formation - root, heteroauxin and zircon. The fact of the matter is that zircon has shown itself to be on the best side in comparison with root and heteroauxin.

tsitrys: Found information that a yeast solution accelerates the appearance of roots by 10-12 days and increases their number by 2-10 times. Taken at a concentration of 100mg / l. Cuttings are placed in it for a day, then washed with water and placed in clean water. To prevent it from stagnating, a few pieces of charcoal are added. Aged until roots appear.

Question: Does zircon provoke cuttings to bloom?

Alex: I have about 50 percent of rooted cuttings without zircon in bloom.

Alla Viktorovna: I'll tell you about my cuttings of calamondins. They periodically try to bloom anyway. And here recently I tried to spray them with zircon left over from lemons. So they released buds from all the buds. I naturally cut them off.

Valery: It happens that when rooting, cuttings release buds. This happens with or without zircon.

Odina: For me, zircon has never stimulated flowering in cuttings. True, I sprayed only grafts and cuttings rooting with problems.

Jah: Zircon doesn't really stimulate flowering. Now I am reading a book on biotechnology - they recommend soaking cuttings in coconut endosperm - coconut milk, in other words.

Citrus cuttings do not take root

Question: I put only one mandarin stalk on rooting. He gave roots, and after transplanting from the greenhouse he threw off the leaves and sits, silent for more than a month. Can we expect an increase from him in the fall, or can he sit in this state until spring?

Alex: I would not touch it, my citron stalk without leaves stood for 1.5 years, and then it began to grow intensively.

Question: I already have five rooted cuttings of the Novogruzinsk lemon after the growth of new shoots, they suddenly start to rot from the very roots, up to the very top and die, with the rest of the lemon varieties this has never happened.

Alex: The reasons may be as follows:

  • excessive sensitivity of the roots to waterlogging of the soil;
  • the mother plant is infected with a viral or bacterial disease;
  • the soil is infected with fungus.

It would be nice to treat all plants with Fitosporin, Maxim.

Rooting cuttings in the dark

Question: Has anyone tried rooting cuttings in the dark using the Etiolation method?

Drycha: I already have a result! I stood at my rooting stalk of a grapefruit (in complete darkness), in the bathroom since July, and today I tried to move it, and then pull it out, but I can't - I gave the roots! Do not be surprised at the timing, at first he stood with me for a month in the light, sorry for not marking the date, and in July he plunged him into complete darkness - and this is the result. I did not use either heteroauxin or zircon, only powdered the cuts with root, sprayed it twice a day quite abundantly. Two weeks ago I put another batch of cuttings for rooting, among them panderoza, grapefruit, pomelo, fortunella. I also looked at them today. Fortunella died, the rest are sitting. I'll try the next batch of cuttings after soaking them in heteroauxin!

Question: Is it worth heating from below when rooting in the dark: there is no light, high temperature, and it does not last long?

Drycha: For rooting in the dark, according to Hartmann, you need a "fog", so I think if there is heating from below, the evaporation from the ground can turn into steam, but when cooled from above it is possible into fog !?

Valeriy: I also tried to root in the dark. But so far in the light, the results are more comforting. Moreover, the cuttings that did not take root in the dark for a long time gave roots very quickly, as soon as they were exposed to the light.

Review article "Reproduction of citrus fruits"

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