Soil For Violets

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Soil For Violets
Soil For Violets
Video: Soil For Violets
Video: AFRICAN Violets CARE 101 - BEST Soil Mix, Fertilizer, Light & Water Requirements 2023, February
transplant of violets
transplant of violets

Correctly selected soil is the key to lush blooming of violets

Each senpolist has its own secrets of soil compilation.

In the literature on violets, the same is found in different proportions of the components. But by trial and error, everyone selects a substrate composition that is acceptable for him. And this is correct, since everyone has their own varietal preferences, their own capabilities, their own conditions of detention, therefore, the composition of the soil should be different.

But the basic principles are still the same.

Soil requirements:

  • ease
  • moisture capacity
  • breathability
  • sufficient content of phosphorus and potassium, as well as essential trace elements
  • nitrogen content in sufficient quantity, but not in excess
  • acidity close to the norm pH 5.5-6.5
  • the presence of a living and favorable microflora that helps fight off painful bacteria
  • absence of pests and their larvae

How to make soil for violets

Most of the commercially available soil mixes are not suitable for breeding Saintpaulias and other Gesneriaceae. But on the basis of some of them, you can prepare a suitable substrate.

The main disadvantages of purchased mixtures:

  • high acidity
  • the presence of components poorly tolerated by violets
  • lack or excess of macro and microelements, etc.
transplant of violets
transplant of violets

Incorrectly selected pot - it is too large

transplant of violets
transplant of violets

Correctly selected pot is smaller in diameter than the rosette itself

In addition, almost all purchased soils are poorly mixed at the manufacturer's plant. As a result, the numbers on the packages showing the content of N, P and K do not correspond to the truth. One package may contain too much of the main element, the other - not enough.

It is not possible to find out the chemical composition of the soil at home. Sometimes the manufacturer does not follow the technology or storage conditions for raw materials. If the bag is not hermetically sealed, then when buying, you can find moldy fragments in it, and there was a case when adults, fat thrips flew out of the opened bag!

As a basis for a violet group, I advise you to use the universal soil "Terra Vita", manufactured by JSC "Fart". Add to it based on 5 liters of soil:

soil for violets
soil for violets
  • deoxidizer (dolomite flour or finely ground egg shells, in the extreme - fluff lime)
  • baking powder, clean river sand - 1 cup
  • vermiculite 1-2 cups (to increase moisture capacity and hygroscopicity)
  • charcoal in small pieces half a glass
  • superphosphate 1 tbsp. the spoon
  • finely chopped sphagnum moss, about two handfuls

As a basis, you can also use universal soils "GREEN WORLD", made in Germany-Estonia; "Fialochka", produced in Kaliningrad.

The amount of additives to the base primer is approx. For Saintpaulias of different ages, different varieties, different proportions are needed.

So the soil for the rooting of leaves should contain more baking powder. To transplant old violets, you do not need to put a deoxidizer, because gradually the acidity of the soil drops, when irrigated with hard water it even alkalizes. When transplanting or transferring to an acidic substrate, excess acid is itself neutralized.

If possible, then as a good basis for the earthen mixture, you can collect the earth from under the lindens or birches. It is located in the pits between the roots of these trees, under a layer of semi-rotted last year's leaves.

Garden land from areas where strawberries grow well is also suitable. In rural areas, suitable land can be found in areas where nettles usually grow violently. The land is harvested always in the spring, when the snow melts, and the earth has not yet warmed up. Peat, high moor, coarse-fiber, brown in color is added to leaf humus. The ratio of humus and peat can be different and 2: 1 and 1: 1. The rest of the components are added the same as for purchased soil.

To increase the nutritional value, you can add well-rotted manure humus - 1/10 of the total. Heat treatment of the soil is needed to destroy pests, except for nematodes, whose eggs are able to survive at temperatures above 1000C.

Also, heating or freezing cannot destroy the spores of some fungi and many pathogenic bacteria, and even more so viruses. At high temperatures, the structure of the soil deteriorates, therefore, it is advisable to heat it to the border just below 1000C.

This is possible with steaming. You can heat moist soil in the microwave to the desired temperature by placing it in a closed, dense plastic bag.

Do not bring it to the point that an unpleasant odor appears. It is not the finished substrate that should be subjected to heat treatment, but those components that may contain eggs and larvae of pests.

The prepared earthen mixture must be mixed very thoroughly. You can use the substrate 7 days after preparation. Store so that the ground does not dry out and at the same time that there is air access.

The author of the article is T.A. Rusinova

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