Table of contents:
When crossing and growing different varieties of violets spontaneously or under the influence of mutagens (growth stimulants, other chemicals, radiation, viruses), violet mutants appear, consisting of two types of cells with different structures, they are called 'chimeras'.
The main feature of chimeras is that when cultivated with leafy cuttings or seeds, varietal characteristics are not transmitted. The appeal of chimeras is that they have a special color of flowers and sometimes leaves. Most often, this is a characteristic stripe from the center of the flower to the tip of the petal or along the entire leaf.
There are 2 and 3-color chimeras with different flower shapes. For example, the main color of the petal is white or light pink, and the stripe along the petal is a saturated blue, blue or crimson color, in addition, along the edge of the petal, there can also be spraying in the form of strokes or dots of blue - fantasy. In reverse chimeras, on the contrary, the longitudinal stripe is white or lighter. The longitudinal pattern is not always a sign of chimera violets, some varieties only look similar, but some chimeras have an uncharacteristic, but, as a rule, fantastically beautiful color of the petals.
Chimeras of commercial varieties that are sold in flower shops have a number of positive qualities: they bloom very profusely and for a long time with a bouquet, i.e. over a symmetrical, beautiful rosette of leaves, a 'cap' of a large number of small flowers is formed. With good care, new flower stalks appear after a short rest. These are two-color varieties of chimera violets: 'Mandy' (white stars with a blue stripe), 'Monique' (white 'annoys' with a blue stripe), 'Amanda' (pink stars with a raspberry stripe), 'Tineke' (simple pink with blue stripe), 'Myrte' (fringed white with a crimson stripe).
Caring for adult chimera violets does not differ from caring for ordinary varieties, but it is advisable to maintain the acidity of the soil no more than 7.5 because when it is alkalized (watering with hard water, untimely transplantation), the plant ages quickly, and breeding of young specimens may be difficult.
You can breed chimeras with stepchildren. For their formation, it is necessary to pinch the growth point or cut off the top, if the violet is old, wait until at least four leaves are formed in the stepson, then carefully break it off with your fingers or cut it off with a knife and then root it in the greenhouse. If, after pinching, two or three points of growth are formed, then you can leave one, and plant the rest after growing, the violet will restore symmetry. On too old specimens, stepchildren grow very poorly, take root worse.
Another way to breed chimeras is with peduncles. It is necessary to carefully remove all the buds, being careful not to damage the two small leaves under them (not all varieties have developed these leaves). Next, you need to wait until the leaves grow up, and the peduncle gets stronger (a month or more), then the peduncle is broken out, shortened with a sharp blade, and rooted like a leaf. Children that retain varietal characteristics will begin to grow from the axils of the two left leaves.
When propagated by leaf cuttings, you can get very beautiful options with a different color of the petals. So, from the chimera of the 'Myrte' variety, you can get violets with white fringed flowers with a bright crimson eye in the center or crimson fringed with a white spot in the center of the petal. Flowers, however, are too small, but abundant bouquet bloom. Chimeras are always more expensive than regular varieties, but by purchasing one variety, you get the opportunity to grow beautiful new sports options.
When rooting leaves, stepchildren, I often use growth stimulants. Chimera mutants were produced twice, but, unfortunately, their flowers did not differ from the 'Tineke' variety. Try it, maybe you will be luckier and new varieties of chimeras will appear.
The author of the article is Rusinova T.A
Read on the forum Gesnerievs