The Violet Is Dying

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The Violet Is Dying
The Violet Is Dying
Video: The Violet Is Dying
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gray rot
gray rot

Does your violet look healthy, grows poorly, does not bloom, is clearly depressed by something?

    First, let's find out if a disease or pests hit the violet.

    • Signs of the disease:
      • wilting with a wet earthen coma;
      • decay of leaves, buds and flowers, stem, roots;
      • the appearance of spots of various irregular shapes (stripes, curls) of a yellowish-gray color, without signs of thinning and decay;
      • the appearance of spots with signs of decay of brown, gray, brown color;
      • the appearance of a white, grayish-white, gray bloom, similar to scattered dust or flour;
      • the appearance of a gray fluffy bloom on a decaying leaf, handle, center of the outlet;
      • discharge on the back of the sheet in the form of small glassy droplets;
      • not long flowering or lack thereof.
    • Signs of pests:
      • on the leaves there are dots and very small specks, the leaf is as if pricked into the lumen with a needle or a carnation, the color of the leaf is not changed (mites, sucking insects);
      • leaves are deformed, curled inward (mites, sucking insects);
      • leaves are hard and brittle, rough to the touch (mites);
      • the rosette is incorrectly formed, its structure is flattened, the leaves in the center are almost devoid of petioles, small, almost do not grow (nematodes);
      • the buds do not open, and if they do, then the flowers have an ugly shape (thrips);
      • the flowers seem to be dirty, pollen is scattered on the petals, and the anthers are in dark spots, keen eyesight or a magnifying glass allow you to see small white worms on the petals when you shake the anther (thrips);
      • swelling and cracks on them (nematodes) are visible on the roots, leaf stalks;
      • on the petioles and on the back of the leaf, near the veins, the tubercles are brown, yellowish or brown, they are hardly scraped off with a fingernail, they seem motionless (scutes, false scutes);
      • on the stem and petioles are whitish, mealy, pubescent tubercles (mealybug);
      • thickening on the hairs of the leaves, because of this, it seems that the leaves have become more pubescent (mite);
      • the violet baby develops incorrectly, an unreasonably large number of stepchildren appear instead of one growth point, but they hardly grow (nematodes).
    • Often, a violet affected by a pest is exposed to diseases, then both are present. If there are 2-3 signs of a disease, then it is a disease. If - 2-3 signs of pests, then - this is a pest.
    • The reason for the sick type of violet is often: improper transplantation, improper watering, insufficient light, sunburn, excess nitrogen, lack or excess of some trace element, drafts, extreme heat, hypothermia of the roots in winter on the windowsill, overcrowding of plants, drying out of an earthen coma, in one word - improper care. In this case, medications will not help; the regime of detention must be changed.
    • You can increase the immunity of the violet using Epin, Zircon and the like, according to the instructions on the package.
    • It is often very difficult to identify the causative agent of the disease, but this is not always important. There are many complex drugs. They are used for various diseases, both fungal and bacterial. Every year manufacturers supply more and more new broad-spectrum fungicides to the markets. Consult the seller and read the instructions carefully.

How to spray violets with fungicides

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gray rot
  1. Many drugs are sold in ampoules for 5 or even 10 liters of water. It is not advisable to dilute it all, the solution is not stored for a long time.
  2. We read in the instructions in what amount of water it is necessary to dilute the ampoule with the drug. We estimate how much liquid we need to spray our violets. We divide the first number by the second, we find how many times less liquid we need. We read on the ampoule how much fungicide it contains. We divide by the number that we received. So we find how many milliliters need to be diluted in the volume we need.
  3. For example: the instructions say that the ampoule must be diluted in 5 liters of water, and we want to have 0.5 liters of solution - this is 10 times less. The ampoule contains 2 ml of the medicine, we also take 10 times less, i.e. 0.2 ml and dissolve in half a liter of water.
  4. We collect the entire contents of the ampoule into a disposable 2 ml syringe, then slowly pressing, release the required amount of the drug into the water, stir and spray. The remaining drug is kept in the syringe, only the needle must be inserted more tightly and closed with a cap, wrap the syringe in a plastic bag, put instructions in it and store it away from children and preferably outside the apartment until re-processing.
  5. It is believed that it is generally impossible to spray violets. This is not true. It is not advisable to spray them just to increase the humidity. Yes, violets do not like moisture on the leaves, and can get sick. We will take all the precautions: we remove large drops that can drain into the center of the outlet with toilet paper or a paper napkin (let its corner absorb the drop), in the room where we will be processing, we first turn on the electric fireplace so that it is warm and dry. We put the sprayed plants closer to the fireplace. No drafts!
  6. To process one plant, you need to take it in your hand, place it above the bathtub, a basin, a special oilcloth, but in no case above other plants. It is necessary to spray the leaves on both sides, the petioles, the stem, the top of the earthen coma. Do not aim the spray at the growth point. When finished, shake the violet lightly to shake off excess moisture.
  7. If there is a rotten leaf on the violet, it must be removed completely or partially before spraying, then sprinkle the cut with activated carbon or smear with a disinfecting solution, dry it. Otherwise, spraying can transfer fungal spores or putrefactive bacteria to the healthy part of the plant.
  8. The bathroom is the most convenient place to spray, especially if it has an electromechanical hood that can be turned on when the violets are dry. First, remove towels, toothbrushes, etc. from the bathroom. After all the work, this room is easy to clean. You can also carry out processing in the hallway or corridor if you lay a large oilcloth on the floor. Kitchen and bedroom should be excluded.

In the next article, we will figure out how to deal with ticks on violets.

The author of the article is T.A. Rusinova

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