A Mite On A Violet - How To Get Rid Of Pests

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A Mite On A Violet - How To Get Rid Of Pests
A Mite On A Violet - How To Get Rid Of Pests
Video: A Mite On A Violet - How To Get Rid Of Pests
Video: African Violets..............Systemic treatment for thrips, spider mites, aphids, mealy bugs... 2023, February

The tick is a common pest, it can infect different plants, and Gesneriaceae are no exception. Flower lovers, faced with ticks for the first time, often look for information on forums and sites on how to defeat arthropods. But once having looked through a lot of resources on the net, I was horrified by the incompetence of some advice on the use of chemistry.

It was funny at first, and then scary. To an inexperienced person it may seem that the advice has some kind of scientific background, and he will begin to poison himself and his whole house, but it is useless. Let's figure out why?

So, the main thing that needs to be understood in this matter:

  1. According to many reputable collectors and breeders, including foreign ones, in the collection of violets there is always not one, but several types of ticks. No strong poisons can destroy them all. It is necessary to create conditions unfavorable for their rapid reproduction.
  2. Ticks are not insects, they belong to arthropods, so ordinary insecticides do not work on them or work at huge doses (for example, actelik, hazard class 2), special preparations have been developed for arthropods - acaricides. They are different: some are better at infecting eggs, others are adult ticks. When buying, read the instructions carefully. Acaricides include such drugs: Omite, Magus, Nissoran, Neoron, Flumite, Apollo, Sunmite, Orthus, Mitak, Caesar and others. The prefix "cancer" in the name of the drug indicates that it belongs to acaricides.
  3. If the manufacturer of the insecticide promises on the label to destroy everything at once, both ticks and insects, then you can be wary, most likely, this drug cannot be used in an apartment, but only in a garden.
  4. Nature has arranged everything so that where there are herbivores, there are predators, ticks are no exception. Destroying some with poisons, we also destroy their natural enemies, but who do you think will restore its population faster?
  5. If to achieve the complete destruction of ticks with the help of poisons, then this struggle should be constant, never ending. Poisons will have to be changed, since ticks develop resistance (addiction) to the drug. Toxins will accumulate not only in the earthen coma of the plant, but also in our body, poisoning everything. Therefore, it is better to limit yourself to prophylactic spraying with acaricide at the most favorable time for the reproduction of ticks or choose other control measures.
  6. Do not use drugs with hazard class II or III in the apartment. I can give examples of reliable cases of using poisons at home, the consequences of which were: the death of aquarium fish, birds in a cage; nocturnal asthma attacks in a child; severe headaches; the appearance of allergies (before it was not) after a couple of years of fanatical passion for violets.

Signs of infestation of violets by ticks

  1. The leaves in the center of the rosette are twisted, become brittle, and stop growing (cyclamen mite).
  2. The pollen spills out from the anthers onto the petals, the anthers themselves are damaged, but when viewed through a magnifying glass, no pests are visible (tarzonemide mites).
  3. On the villi of the leaf, roughness is probed, thickenings (egg clutches of different types of mites) are visible in a magnifying glass.
  4. The leaves appear to be more pubescent than usual.
  5. The leaves become dull, as if sprinkled with dandruff or ash, acquire a gray-brown color, the stem is shortened (cyclamen, strawberry and other mites) /
  6. Leaves and petioles become brittle (many types of mites).
  7. Buds fall or do not bloom (tarzonemide mites).
  8. On the leaf, many small dots are visible lighter than the color of the leaf, places where plant cells are biting, with a strong lesion, the leaf completely discolours, dries up.

How to get rid of a tick

  1. Quarantine when buying new violets.
  2. Keep the plant clean, remove discolored peduncles, yellowed or decaying leaves.
  3. If there is a collection of violets in the room, then you cannot bring cut flowers to it, plant roses (ticks are their obligatory companions), as well as some other indoor plants on which tick colonies easily take root.
  4. Create favorable conditions for plants. Top dressing, watering, lighting, temperature should be close to the norm for a given crop, otherwise the violet begins to hurt, and weakened plants are primarily attacked by ticks. For healthy, strong violets, the tick is not terrible.
  5. Bathe violets regularly in dry and hot weather.
  6. Do not move violets too close to each other.

Folk remedies for ticks

Someone can argue with me, they say, here I spray violets regularly with tincture of garlic (tobacco, onion, calendula, phytoverm) and ticks are getting smaller. To this I will say this: if you just wash them with hot water (about 40 degrees), then the mites will decrease even more. There is only one reason - these creatures do not like to breed in a humid environment, and running water washes away both ticks and the eggs they lay.

If the tick is on adult violets

If mites severely spoil the appearance of an adult violet, the leaves seem to be covered with dandruff, then the room is very dry and hot, the mite population is growing at lightning speed. At a temperature of 18-22 degrees and normal humidity, ticks are not dangerous, and it is not advisable to bathe violets, they can catch a cold. But if the temperature is 25 degrees and above, the humidity in the room immediately decreases - the mites are activated, and the violets feel bad both from the heat and from the mites. The best way out is to periodically bathe violets in warm running water from the tap.

How to properly wash a violet

  1. In your left hand, take a pot with a plant so that the rosette is between the index and middle fingers, they adhere to an earthen ball so that it stays in place. The other fingers hold the pot itself. With this grip, you can turn the plant upside down. It is necessary to direct a stream of water to the underside of each large sheet. With the fingers of the other hand, intensively, but carefully, you need to wipe the sheet. You can feel small tubercles on the villi of the leaf - this is a clutch of mite eggs, and we are trying to get rid of them. We gently straighten and wipe the folded edges of the leaf - there are favorite habitats for ticks.
  2. You don't need to use any sponges or rags, fingers are the most sensitive and delicate tool, and sponges are carriers of infection from one plant to another.
  3. It is advisable that the water does not fall into the growing point (in the center of the outlet), on the blossoming flowers and into the pot itself. (It is almost impossible to avoid this completely)
  4. For a flowering plant, the water should be slightly warm, if the violet does not bloom, then you can make the water hotter - up to 40 degrees.
  5. You can not bathe violets with rotten leaves, lost turgor, with suspicion of root disease after an accidental flood. Also, you cannot bathe violets during the cold season, when there is still no heating.
  6. After bathing, avoid drafts, remove moisture from the center of the outlet with a soft paper towel.
  7. You cannot bathe the plants one by one in a basin, you must use running water, unless you have one single plant.
  8. After such a bath, when the violet dries up, it looks gorgeous, the leaves shine, the stomata through which breathing is carried out are cleared. The violet seems to come to life.

If a tick on a violet baby

The peak activity of ticks occurs during dry hot weather in summer or during the heating season during the cold season. They cannot do much harm to adult healthy plants, but they can to young children. This is where it is necessary to apply acaricides - drugs against ticks. Dilute the drug in accordance with the instructions, spray the rooted leaves with children and seated children. As a rule, one treatment is enough for a small plant to grow stronger, and ticks cease to pose a threat to it. It is impossible to bathe 'babies' as well as adult specimens, and it is problematic, they can catch a cold and get sick with gray rot. After spraying, place the children in the warmest place. No coverings with plastic bags, they will definitely rot there!You can put them under a table lamp with a low-power incandescent light bulb at such a distance so as not to burn, to check you need to hold your hand in this place, if you feel a pleasant slight warmth, then you can put plants.

The author of the article is T.A. Rusinova

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