Kalanchoe - Care, How To Transplant, Reproduction - In Questions And Answers

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Kalanchoe - Care, How To Transplant, Reproduction - In Questions And Answers
Kalanchoe - Care, How To Transplant, Reproduction - In Questions And Answers
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How to care for Kalanchoe

Question: How to care for Kalanchoe after purchase, why do some Kalonchoe live well after flowering, while others should only be thrown away?

Tanitka: I found out that it turns out that they were bred as annuals, for growing in flower beds and decorating streets in old Europe.

how to care for Kalanchoe
how to care for Kalanchoe

Maria: I made the same conclusion for myself. Moreover, with red flowers there can be both a hybrid and a traditional Blossfeld Kalanchoe. Traditional - tenacious as I do not know who, withstands the most nightmarish conditions in lousy soil and without watering. But red, but hybrids, as well as all other colors (white, yellow, pink, orange), die stasis after flowering … My white and yellow died, but I still re-rooted the red, but it has been sticking out for more than a year. in the form of a semi-dead stamen. Suspicion of hybridity is caused by those that bloom too magnificently in the form of a very small bush. This is for the reds. All other colors are definitely hybrids.

Victoria: My Kalonchoe (Dutch) has been growing for the third year, but every year in May I cut new cuttings from an old plant and plant them in ordinary garden soil - this is very important - not a store one! By November, the plant becomes a lush bush and begins to bloom, in April the second flowering, and after it I immediately cut off the cuttings, throw out the old one and so every year.

Agava: The year before last I bought 3 pieces from the same delivery: white, yellow and red. White and yellow after flowering did not even start to grow, they immediately bent over. And the red one suffered, wither, lost leaves, I cut it off and re-rooted it - it still barely grows. I decided for myself so - which bloom very luxuriantly with the small size of the plant itself - all hybrids. But the red ones are still more or less tenacious. And the "normal", "grandmother's" Kalanchoe blooms are not so luxurious, but absolutely frantic energy of growth and vitality. My mother once abandoned Kalanchoe in the old apartment when moving. Nobody lived there, and six months later I had to go there. The unfortunate Kalanchoe, not watered for six months, waved up to the top of the window, like a huge bunch of bald pasta with leaves at the very top. But in any case, you need to re-root:if it's a hybrid, try to save at least something. And if "normal" - so as not to stretch out in the form of a long pasta.

Agava: But in general, it is not difficult to care for the Kalanchoe - watering, when the soil in the pot dries out confidently, it is better to dry out than to pour. The sun, if possible, in the morning or in the afternoon, if it gets very hot at noon - keep it not on the windowsill, but under shading - blinds, tulle, etc.

Kalanchoe - care - in the section of the Encyclopedia of Houseplants.

Kalanchoe - how to care after flowering

Question: What to do after the flowering of the Kalanchoe, when it has branched out strongly, like a tree and is almost bald. Can I crop it and how to do it?

Agava: You can cut Kalanchoe as you like! You can cut the cuttings and stick them in the same pot, you can even leave one stump - it will sprout and curl up. The only thing is that this refers to the usual Blossfeld Kalanchoe, which blooms red. Any hybrids such as white, yellow and pink after flowering can bend completely.

Kalanchoe flower
Kalanchoe flower

Natanella: There are only two options for how to deal with faded Kalanchoe:

  1. Cut the cuttings, root them and get a new plant. It will bloom when it is old enough, i.e. probably in a year. Ideally, Blossfeld's Kalanchoe is a tall, upright plant (50 cm) with a non-branching stem, so pinching does not work. We sell Dutch specimens, which are apical cuttings from an already adult plant. It is not difficult to make them bloom, the main thing is to observe the light regime.
  2. Try to arrange "dark" for an adult plant and get a flowering bush. Kalanchoe is a short day plant, i.e. in order for the bush to bloom again, it should be darkened from about 5 pm to 9 am the next day. Daylight hours should not exceed 8-10 hours. This simple procedure should be done within a month and then the Kalanchoe will bloom again. But first you need to remove the old peduncles.

Tip: "dark" can be arranged with a dark plastic bucket. After the end of flowering, cut the flower stalks and remove the plant on a shady window sill, do not water almost for a month, then move to a bright place and start watering and caring as usual. Well, do not forget that Blossfeld's Kalanchoe is still a succulent plant, so you should take care of it like a succulent.

Question: My Kalanchoe has already bloomed in the second circle, it seems that it is no longer going to, so it's time to send it to rest. I know I need to cut him. Just want to know specifically what to cut and how much to cut?

Buttercup: Cut the peduncles. But the height of the bush is whatever you want.

Kalanchoe land

Question: Which land is better for Kalanchoe?

Agava: I have absolutely all Kalanchoe planted in the same commercial land with coconut loofah (fibers) and foam, all on the balcony in "lace" shade. At the same time, tubiflora, fedchenko, laciniata grow like undermined. Blossfeld, Tomentosa "Panda" and Fang - slowly. And the little tomentosa "Chocolate" is half-alive. If you have one with a jagged edge and a lot of children around the edge, then it is very unpretentious, it grows almost in clay.

Devi: I have a traditional succulent soil recipe: 3 parts Terra Vita universal soil (green bag) + 1 part coconut substrate (from briquettes) + 1 part zeolite pellets. Excellent composition, porous, dries quickly.

How to transplant Kalanchoe

Question: How to transplant Kalanchoe correctly, is it possible to transplant flowering Kalanchoe?

Natali: When you buy a flowering Kalanchoe, it can only be transplanted by the transshipment method. Water the Kalanchoe and squeeze the pot so that the earth falls away from the walls of the pot. Take a new pot and if you enlarge the holes in the bottom of the pot. For example, if you have three holes, make 6 or 8 with a hot knife. If the holes are large, place a circle of mosquito net on the bottom, then drain 2 cm of foam, wine cork or expanded clay. Remove the plant from the pot and plant the Kalanchoe in a new pot. Now fill the voids with fresh earth. Try not to tamp the ground, but to tap the pot. When it is completely filled with earth, place the Kalanchoe on the windowsill. Shade for the first two days during the hours when the direct sun is shining. Do not water for 3-4 days! Then watering as usual.

How to water Kalanchoe

Question: I bought a Kalanchoe, passed it, 4 days have passed, how to water now?

Devi: If Kalanchoe blooms, water a little more often than non-flowering, but the edge is very thin. It is necessary to water so that the ground becomes completely dry on top, inside (if you stick your finger) it is also dry to the touch, but not too dry, do not dry it to a state of dust, when the pot is completely weightless. Look at the weather, sometimes the earth dries out quickly (when it's hot, sunny days in summer or very warm in winter), sometimes it dries for a long time, especially in autumn - at the end of August, September. Kalanchoe is a succulent, the leaves are dense, storing moisture, but the leaf mass is large, the need for water is higher than that of cacti or, for example, an agave (aloe), especially during flowering.

How to make Kalanchoe bloom

Question: Now at the beginning of February there are 3 bushes in one small pot, about 13-15 cm high, so thin with small leaves. The last time I transplanted a year ago. What to do next with it - put it on rest without a transplant, after cutting it off, or transplant it into a new land, and then put it in the dark a month later?

kalanchoe leaves
kalanchoe leaves

KozaNostra: Place for a month (until the end of February) in a dark place, for example, under a box (you can also pinch the tops on the kids) and do not water. Get a shriveled, wrinkled out of there. First put in the old place and spray. Then, after 10 days, start watering and place it so that, in addition to the lighting, a little natural light falls on it (you can under the slightly open blinds). If nothing starts (this is unlikely), pour a solution of potassium humate and superphosphate on it (the latter is better in boiling water - then cool).

Kalanchoe is a plant of a long day: that is, it accumulates some necessary substances for a long light period, and then blooms, as a rule, on a waning day. If it generates other necessary substances in the required amount, then flowering is repeated after a short period. To bloom, they need two components: the first is gibberellin, it accumulates on a long day and lasts a long time. It can also be artificially introduced. The second component is formed during a short dark period of time. And the flowering mechanism itself starts just after a short dark period of time. In February, the day will already actively grow.

Anyuta: allow a little addition - the plant should stand in complete darkness and absolutely dry - otherwise it will stretch out.

Tanyushka: Usually they buy a blooming Kalanchoe, but literally a year later the owner gets a completely different plant: it is larger, the leaves take on a different shape, the plant stops blooming. Therefore, after flowering, all flower stalks are cut off. The shoots that have started to grow are pinched. When new shoots grow from the place of pinching, they are pinched again at the level of 3 pairs of leaves. And they do it all the time. The last pinching is done in November. From this time on, the plant is kept in the light for 8 hours a day, then covered with an opaque cap (it can be made of cardboard, it should cover the plant and the pot). After about a month, buds appear on the Kalanchoe, and you no longer need to cover the plant with a cap.

You can try another way. After flowering, all peduncles are cut off and the plant is placed on a dark windowsill. During the month, they hardly water, then they are moved to a well-lit place and watered moderately. The change of light and water modes stimulates the formation of buds. The Kalanchoe must necessarily have a dormant period, usually it is arranged in early spring.

Reproduction of Kalanchoe

Question: How to propagate Kalanchoe?

Tanyushka: The easiest way to propagate the Kalanchoe is by cutting - cut off about 5-7 cm from the end of the shoot, if the branches are thin, or a little longer, so that there are 3-4 leaves on the cutting. Tear off the bottom two leaves and place the cutting in water, in a small glass. Do not put in a large jar - the water will turn sour. It is advisable to change the water every two days for fresh, boiled water. It is important that the stalk is in a bright place, not on a cabinet shelf, but on a windowsill. It is better, of course, to root the Kalanchoe in spring or summer, but you can also in autumn or winter, just put it under a lamp.

Kalanchoe reproduction
Kalanchoe reproduction

Anyuta: One of the ways of rooting succulents is that the dried cuttings are fixed above the water so that the roots that do not appear in the water do not touch the water. After a week or two, the plant is ready for planting in the ground. Sometimes Kalanchoe forms air roots, especially if the air humidity is high, such can be immediately planted in the ground.

Vikusya: You can root the Kalanchoe stalk in sand or vermiculite, or a mixture of sand and vermiculite. But, the pot must be covered with a jar or placed in a bag so that there is high humidity. And be sure to ventilate for 20 minutes 2-3 times a day.

Question: I planted two shoots of Kalanchoe in the sand, questions:

  1. Do you often water the sand so that it does not rot, and let the roots go? One sticks out above the ground by 5 cm, the second maximum by 7, so there is nothing to cut.
  2. If it takes root by October-November, is it necessary (before winter) to transplant it into the ground?
  3. Does it make sense to shorten his day after such stress?
  4. How high to wait to start pinching?
  5. Do such young people also hibernate in winter, or water more often adults?

Buttercup:

  1. It is necessary to water the sand after drying, and it is better to spray it so that the sand is moist. Place in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight.
  2. If you take root, you can also transplant it into a small pot.
  3. To shorten the day - according to the circumstances: it will be good to gain growth - you can, no - you don't need it on purpose. In winter, the daylight hours are already short.
  4. You determine the height of the flower yourself, according to your taste.
  5. If the cuttings are strong, then it will be possible to arrange a rest for them in winter.

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