Table of contents:
Family of Compositae. This is an extensive genus, numbering in nature about 1250 species, including small shrubs, creeping (ground cover) and herbaceous plants. Homeland of species common in culture, South and South-West Africa, about. Madagascar, Canary Islands.
Just think - the closest relatives of this succulent are chamomile and asters! But unlike these flowers, the wild plants are decorative deciduous plants, their flowers are inconspicuous and not all species bloom at home.
By the way, it must be remembered that russes are toxic plants, beware if you have a baby that can tear off a leaf or a Rowley pea and put it in your mouth, the result can be severe poisoning (hepatotoxicity is similar to that of fly agaric).
Rowley's Ragwort Senecio rowleyanus is a succulent plant with creeping long stems rooting in internodes. The leaves are spherical (similar to balls), alternately arranged, on a short petiole. The flowers are white, tubular, with a slight odor, collected in the apical inflorescences of the basket. Grown as an ampelous plant.
Arrowhead senecio scaposus is a succulent plant with a short lodging stem. The leaves form a dense rosette. The leaves are of two types: flat, wide and short; and long cylindrical. Young leaves are covered with silvery pubescence, old leaves are smooth, green. Flowers are collected in inflorescences of a basket on very long peduncles.
groundwort Senecio rowleyanus Kleiniform groundwort Senecio
kleiniiformis Senecio scaposus
The large-lingual groundwort Senecio macroglossus is a liana with brownish stems. The leaves are arranged alternately, on short petioles, triangular-arrow-shaped, dark green in color, with a waxy sheen. There are varieties with variegated leaves that have white or yellow spots - stripes along the edges. May bloom in winter with yellow flowers collected in apical or axillary baskets. It has a name - "Natal ivy", it is often confused with common ivy, although the leaves of the wild rose are much larger.
Haworth's groundwort Senecio haworthi
Ciristleaf groundwort Senecio pinnatifolius
Creeping groundwort Senecio serpens
Bloody groundwort Senecio cruentus - or Cineraria Cineraria cruentus - see "description and care"
Rustic - care and cultivation
Although the rose trees belong to the Compositae, among the home flowers of this family are ginura and mikania, in terms of cultivation and care requirements, senezio are close to stocks, bastards or stonecrop.
Temperature: In the summer, it is normal, it is advisable to expose the pots to fresh air from May (June), you can bring them into the room in the fall, before the temperature can drop below + 5 ° C. In winter, a cool content at 15-16 ° C is desirable. Rustic plants can grow in winter and in normal home conditions, but they need to be supplemented with fluorescent lamps (or LEDs).
Lighting: Rustic trees require a well-lit, sunny location, some species on the south window fade (a reddish tint appears on the leaves) and prefer an east and west window.
Watering: Moderate in summer, the soil should dry out in the top half of the pot before the next watering. Waterlogging is detrimental, remember that senezio is a succulent and do not leave the soil moist for a long time. In winter, watering is very moderate, until the earthen coma is completely dry.
Fertilizer: From March to August, they are fed with complex fertilizer for cacti. Top dressing is carried out every two weeks.
Air humidity: All succulent species of groundwort, including Rowley's groundwort, are resistant to dry air. And the large-reed rose loves humid air and requires frequent spraying in summer in dry weather, as well as in winter if it is in a warm room. If possible, showers are periodically arranged.
Transplant: Young plants every year in spring, old after two years. The groundwort is not picky about acidity, but prefers slightly acidic or neutral (pH 6.5-7). The soil is necessarily loose, well-drained, approximate composition: 1 part sod, 1 part leaf (peat), 1 part humus, 1 part sand and 1 part fine expanded clay (2-3 mm), gravel or vermiculite.
Reproduction: Stem cuttings in spring and summer. Rustic cuttings are rooted, like all other succulents, by placing them on a dry soil surface. Moreover, it is better to pour 0.5 cm of fine gravel on the surface of the substrate. To prevent the handle from falling over, it can be pinned to the ground with a paper clip or pressed with a pebble. After that, do not water for about 2 weeks, and if it is very hot and dry, you can spray it once a day with a fine spray bottle. Rowley's rooted cuttings are also rooted: they cut off about 10 cm and lay on the surface of the soil, new roots will soon develop from the axils, where the leaves attach to the stem.