Kalanchoe - Home Care, Types Of Kalanchoe, Flowering, Reproduction

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Kalanchoe - Home Care, Types Of Kalanchoe, Flowering, Reproduction
Kalanchoe - Home Care, Types Of Kalanchoe, Flowering, Reproduction
Video: Kalanchoe - Home Care, Types Of Kalanchoe, Flowering, Reproduction
Video: See How to Grow & Care for Kalanchoe Plant Perfectly 2023, February
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The Tolstyankov family. Homeland South and South-East Asia, South America. There are more than 200 species in nature. These are succulent plants that appeared in Russia a long time ago, they are grown as decorative flowering plants, and as medicinal ones. Kalanchoe has many popular names: tree of life, room doctor, room ginseng, they say about him "surgeon without a knife." Its great advantage is that it is completely safe. When it comes to choosing flowers for a child, in a nursery, Kalanchoe fits perfectly.

Viviparous Kalanchoe species, which form small daughter rosettes along the edge of the leaf, can be found under the name of bryophyllum. They reproduce very easily, both by children and cuttings.

Kalanchoe species

  • Kalanchoe Blossfeld Kalanchoe blossfeldiana - originally from Madagascar, low-branched, erect shrub, about 30 cm tall, with opposite rounded or oblong leaves, wavy at the edge, about 5-7 cm long. The flowers are small - about 1 cm in diameter, bright red, look spectacular in inflorescences - umbrellas. Bloom from March to June, very abundant. There are varieties with orange, yellow and other flowers.

    kalanchoe
    kalanchoe

    Kalanchoe Blossfeld

    Kalanchoe Blossfeld
    Kalanchoe Blossfeld

    Kalanchoe Blossfeld

    Kalanchoe Blossfeld
    Kalanchoe Blossfeld

    Kalanchoe Blossfeld

  • Kalanchoe Kalandiva Kalanchoe blossfeldiana 'Calandiva' is a very popular variety of Blossfeld terry Kalanchoe, its flowers are multi-petaled, like miniature roses. The color of Kalandiva flowers is very different - white, yellow, pink, red. Plants are compact, abundant flowering.

    Kalanchoe Kalandiva
    Kalanchoe Kalandiva

    Kalanchoe Kalandiva

    Kalanchoe blooming
    Kalanchoe blooming

    Kalanchoe Kalandiva

    Kalanchoe Kalandiva
    Kalanchoe Kalandiva

    Kalanchoe Kalandiva

  • Kalanchoe Mangina Kalanchoe manginii - has small leaves up to 3 cm long, obovate, with a serrate edge, sessile opposite on short petioles. The corolla of the flower is orange-red, fused into a long tube, about 2-2.5 cm long. The flowers are drooping, on long pedicels.
  • Kalanchoe Degremona Kalanchoe daigremontiana - originally from Madagascar, about 50-70 cm high. A plant with narrow ovate fleshy leaves (elongated triangle shape), up to 15-20 centimeters long, grayish-green, with purple spots on the back. In the depressions along the jagged edge, numerous babies are formed, which easily fly around and take root. Inflorescence - panicle, flowers about 1.5 cm in diameter, pink, blooms in winter.
  • Kalanchoe dissected (lobed) Kalanchoe laciniata - originally from Africa and Asia, a perennial herb with erect (lodging in old plants) shoots. The leaves are deeply dissected, with a serrated edge, fleshy, green, shiny. Flowers in few-flowered umbellate inflorescences. Corolla is tubular, short, yellow. It is popularly called "Deer Horns".
  • Kalanchoe pinnate Kalanchoe pinnata is a plant with an erect stem, at home it grows up to 80 cm tall. Leaves are opposite, on small petioles, young leaves are almost sessile. Leaves are on average up to 10 cm long, dense, oval in outline with a serrated edge. Very often, "brood" buds are formed between the teeth, from which tiny children grow. The inflorescence is a panicle. In flowers, the sepals are fused into a wide tube up to 3 cm long. The ends of the four petals, also fused at the base and bent at the ends, protrude slightly from it. The flowers themselves are not bright. The tube is green, the ends of the petals are pink. The fruit is a box with small seeds.

    kalanchoe mangina
    kalanchoe mangina

    Kalanchoe Mangina

    Kalanchoe pinnate
    Kalanchoe pinnate

    Kalanchoe pinnate

    Kalanchoe boveri
    Kalanchoe boveri

    Kalanchoe Boveri

  • Kalanchoe Boveri Kalanchoe beauverdii - this plant has narrow long leaves up to 5 cm long and 3-5 mm wide, smooth from the base along the edge, serrated at the end. With age, the leaves bend in an arc, in the bright sun they acquire a reddish tint, and the shoots are erect at first, but gradually the Kalanchoe takes an ampelous shape. If the stems are not cut, they grow 90-100 cm long at home. With age, green leaves darken, stems become lignified. The flowers are light purple, ringed.
  • Kalanchoe Behar Kalanchoe beharensis - originally from Madagascar, a dwarf shrub with powerful, little branching shoots. The stem is often bare from below, the leaves are large, oppositely located, shaped like an elongated triangle, with a wavy edge, covered with a grayish waxy bloom. In summer, it blooms with yellow small flowers.
  • Kalanchoe tomentosa Kalanchoe tomentosa - originally from Madagascar, a shrub with erect shoots and pubescent leaves of a silvery-green color and a brown stripe along the edge. Leaves are about 5 cm long, whole or serrate, sessile (without petioles). The inflorescence is a loose ear. The corolla of the flower is tubular, short, white, with a thin dark stripe in the center of the petal on the outside.

    Kalanchoe dissected
    Kalanchoe dissected

    Kalanchoe dissected

    Kalanchoe degremona
    Kalanchoe degremona

    Kalanchoe Degremona

    kalanchoe felt
    kalanchoe felt

    Kalanchoe felt

Kalanchoe care at home

Temperature

Kalanchoe is not at all picky about summer temperatures, grows well in any conditions, if watering is appropriate (after drying). If possible, it is better to take it out into the fresh air - on the balcony or in the garden. In winter, it is advisable to provide a dormant period for the Kalanchoe at a temperature of 10-12 ° C and with dry content (i.e. watering is rare, about once a month). Winter minimum + 8 ° С, and with complete dryness and insulation of the pot + 4 ° С (insulation in the form of foam rubber or an additional pot with filling the voids with sawdust). The difference in daily temperatures of 5-7 ° C promotes the formation of buds and flowering.

Lighting

Kalanchoe is a light-loving flower, it needs bright intense lighting, with direct sunlight, preferably in the morning and / or in the evening. The western and eastern windows are well suited for growing Kalanchoe, on the southern window, you may need to shade in the hottest hours of the day at noon, in winter, shading is not required even on the southern windowsill. Species with pubescent leaves, like felt Kalanchoe, are more tolerant of the direct hot sun, do not grow at all in a shaded place, leaves stretch and shrink. But Blossfeld's Kalanchoe blooms profusely only with sufficient lighting and long daylight hours. In winter, with additional lighting, it is also possible to get flowering, since the dormant period is not mandatory for it.

Watering

Kalanchoe is watered like all succulents - moderately during growth and flowering (spring and summer), less often in autumn. In winter, depending on the temperature - in the presence of a cold dormant period, water is limited. Overdrying Kalanchoe is relatively easy to tolerate, and excessive watering can lead to the death of the plant. The general rule for watering the Kalanchoe is mandatory drying of the upper part of the soil. In summer, the soil should dry out in the upper third of the pot, in winter 2/3 of the depth of the pot, i.e. almost completely. It is difficult to check the soil so deeply for moisture, so touch the soil from above, as soon as it dries out, wait a few more days with watering: when the temperature is about 22-26 ° С - a day or two, at 18-22 ° С - 3-4 days, if it is below 18 ° С - after drying, wait about another week.

kalanchoe
kalanchoe

Aerial roots in Kalanchoe tomentosa. At first, the aerial roots are white, but in the sun they acquire a red tint.

Top dressing

Kalanchoe can (but not necessarily) be fed from late spring to mid-summer with a special fertilizer for cacti and other succulents once a month. POKON is suitable for succulents, AVA, Kemira-Lux, etc. Fertilizers should contain a small dose of nitrogen, as the high content of this element contributes to root rot. Be sure to feed flowering Kalanchoe, but it is better in very small doses weekly.

Air humidity

Kalanchoe is resistant to dry air, but periodic spraying will not harm at all for hygiene purposes - you need to wash off the dust, and as a prophylaxis against ticks. Do not spray over buds and open flowers.

Kalanchoe transplant

Kalanchoe is transplanted annually in the spring into the soil of a neutral or slightly acidic reaction, pH 5.5-6.5. The pots should not be too spacious, if you noticed that the root system has grown slightly, then transplant it into the old pot, replacing the crumbling soil with fresh one.

Soil for Kalanchoe, options:

  • 1 part turf, 1 part leaf, 1 part coarse river sand and 1/4 part vermiculite.
  • 2 parts of universal soil, 1 part of coconut substrate, 1 part of vermiculite, 1 part of humus.
  • 1 part light loam, 1 part coconut substrate, 1 part zeolite filler (for cat litter Barsik Standard).

It is useful to add pieces of birch charcoal to the soil for Kalanchoe. You can also use purchased soil for cacti and succulents, but add humus to it (well-rotted compost 1 / 6-1 / 7 part), or universal soil into which you add fine expanded clay (2-3 mm) or perlite (1 / 4- 1/3 of the total).

Caring for Kalanchoe at home is not only about observing watering and temperature conditions. The plant grows with age, especially after abundant flowering, stretches and becomes bare, so you need to maintain the decorative appearance of the bush - pinch long shoots, and it is better to cut off heavily bare stems, shorten the bare part and root again, i.e. rejuvenate the plant. Rejuvenation differs from normal reproduction in that all shoots are cut off from the mother plant, all of them are shortened, leaving only the most juicy beautiful leaves, and put on rooting. And when the roots grow 4-5 cm, all the cuttings are planted in one pot, where the mother plant grew.

Reproduction of Kalanchoe

Cuttings, leaves, as well as seeds and babies or brood buds (in viviparous species). Reproduction is easy, without stimulants. It is enough to place the stalk or leaf in a humid environment - on wet sand or put a twig in a glass of water. Large cuttings root better in water, small leaves and small cuttings root better in sand or vermiculite. The optimal time for breeding is from March to June, at other times of the year the Kalanchoe also takes root if it is light and warm enough.

Kalanchoe - care after purchase

It is not difficult to take care of the Kalanchoe, but remember that at home it finds itself in completely new conditions for it: it is usually darker in the store, watering more often. Therefore, plants are gradually accustomed to the sun's rays, otherwise it may get burned and shed flowers. To do this, the plant is placed on a windowsill and shaded with a piece of gauze or tulle, on sunny days. After a few days, the fabric is removed for a while, gradually increasing the time without shading. Then they are removed completely. It is not necessary to rearrange the flowering Kalanchoe from place to place, this can damage the flowering. Watering should be done carefully, as the soil dries up, do not forget that Kalanchoe is a succulent.

The healing properties of Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe officinalis
Kalanchoe officinalis

Kalanchoe pinnate has the most pronounced healing properties.

Did you know that Kalanchoe can significantly reduce the number of harmful microbes in the air of a plant? They not only reduce the number of spores of bacteria and fungi in the air, but even have antiviral activity.

Kalanchoe juice has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, wound healing, hemostatic effect. It is used in the form of lotions, cold compresses, added to the base cream for the treatment of trophic and non-healing ulcers. Fresh Kalanchoe juice is applied to bleeding sites, boils, irritated skin is lubricated after sunburn, as well as nipple cracks.

Kalanchoe juice is also used in dentistry, in the treatment of gingivitis and stomatitis, for this Kalanchoe juice is squeezed onto a cotton swab and applied to the gums 3-4 times a day for 10 minutes.

For treatment, you can use fresh Kalanchoe leaves, but they do not lose their medicinal properties and frozen.

The most widespread is the Kalanchoe juice from the common cold. But adults and children require a different approach to treatment. You can read about the medicinal properties of Kalanchoe, how to give Kalanchoe to children here: //la-vida.ru/health.php?cod=498

Kalanchoe diseases

Frequently asked questions about growing Kalanchoe, the experience of professionals.

  • Kalanchoe, most often, suffers from a lack of light - while the stems are stretched, and the lower leaves are flying around, or the leaves become pale or yellowish green.
  • It so happens that after abundant flowering, the Kalanchoe does not grow, or becomes bare - it loses its leaves, in such cases, as a rule, it does not have enough nutrition, so a transplant or top dressing is needed.
  • Leaves dry and die off - when kept in a very warm room in winter, especially near a battery, when damaged by pests.
  • The plant has brown or black soft spots or mold - if it is too humid, especially at low temperatures in poorly ventilated rooms.
  • The leaves are large, juicy green, flowering does not occur - when overfeeding with fertilizers, especially organic or mineral fertilizers with a high proportion of nitrogen.
  • When wintering in too warm conditions, it loses its leaves and decorative appeal.

The most common pests are mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites.

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