Table of contents:
Ksantorreev family. Homeland South Africa. There are about 70 species in nature.
- Gasteria verrucosa Gasteria verrucisa is a herbaceous plant with a rosette of fleshy, tightly adjacent leaves, reaching 20 cm in length. The leaves are grooved, narrow-triangular in shape, pointed at the end, covered with small rough warts, located in the same plane. A racemose inflorescence on a long peduncle, with pink-red perianths.
- Gasteria carinata Gasteria carinata is a herbaceous plant with a rosette of fleshy, tightly adjacent leaves, reaching 20 cm in length. The leaves, as in the previous species, are grooved, narrowly triangular, slightly oblique, pointed at the end, but arranged in a spiral, covered with small warts, almost invisible to the touch.
- Gasteria spotted Gasteria maculata - differs from the previous species in variegated leaves - stripes of dark green, brown and silver alternate on them. Gasteria marbled Gasteria marmorata has transverse stripes of dark green and silver.
Temperature: moderate in summer, in winter a coolness of about 10-12 ° C is desirable, with a dry content (i.e. watering about once every 2-3 weeks). Winter minimum 8 ° C. In summer, it is better to keep it outdoors on a balcony or in a garden, protecting it from rain and wind. Gasteria can grow year round in warm home conditions, but in this case you need good lighting in winter.
Lighting: Gasteria prefers a bright place, with some direct sunlight, on the south window, shading is needed at noon hours. In winter, the brightest place, full sunlight, no shading. On a sunny window in spring and summer, Gasteria can tan - the leaves turn red.
Watering: moderate in spring and summer - with good soil drying. From autumn it decreases, in winter it is rare, if it is cool (below 18-20 ° C), if watering is warm as usual.
Top dressing: from May to August with a special fertilizer for cacti and succulents once a month. Do not overestimate the dosage.
Air humidity: like most members of the asphodelic family, Gasteria are resistant to dry air.
Transfer: annually in the spring. Soil - 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of sand and brick chips or fine gravel, it is advisable to add not fine sand to the soil mixture, but pebbles 3-4 mm in size. The container should be wide and not deep, drainage from shards to the bottom of the pot. Gasteria does not like too spacious pots, even when the leaves bulge out of the pot, it can continue to grow without transplanting for a couple of years. In nature, it often grows in cramped conditions, in rock crevices.
Reproduction: by daughter rosettes, which can be separated both from the roots during transplantation, and cut from the mother plant. You can propagate it with a leaf, which, after cutting it, can be dusted with root, then dried for 1-2 days in the shade. On the second - third day, plant on loose, slightly moist soil (a mixture of universal soil and vermiculite in equal parts). Watered not earlier than after 1-1.5 weeks, when young roots are formed. If it's hot, then you can spray before that.