Maranta Arrowroot - Varieties, Care And Cultivation, The Main Problems

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Maranta Arrowroot - Varieties, Care And Cultivation, The Main Problems
Maranta Arrowroot - Varieties, Care And Cultivation, The Main Problems
Video: Maranta Arrowroot - Varieties, Care And Cultivation, The Main Problems
Video: How To Care Variegated Arrowroot Plant For Healthy Growth 2023, February
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A family of arrowroots. Homeland - the tropics of Central and South America, West Indies. Arrowroot is notable for the spectacular color of the leaves, on which brightly colored veins or spots stand out. Basically, arrowroots are undersized rhizome plants, which sometimes, growing, take a semi-ampelous shape. Arrowroot leaves have the ability to change their direction: the leaf blades are located almost horizontally under favorable conditions, and with a lack of lighting or under other unfavorable conditions, they rise up and fold together.

Among all the variety of arrowroot species at home, the arrowroot is usually found, in various varieties. Sometimes you can see arrowroot, called bicolor, but in fact, this species is officially called Maranta cristata Maranta cristata. The species is quite rare, usually found in the collections of professional florists. Kerhoven's variety of arrowroot is often called arrowroot bicolor - confusion arose due to the fact that initially this variety was described in botanical reference books as a variation of maranta bicolor var. kerhowena, besides, Kerhoven actually has only two colors on the leaves - green and brown-green. The real arrowroot comb (outdated maranta bicolor) - in fact, there are three shades of green in the leaf drawing:

comb arrowroot
comb arrowroot
maranta bicolor
maranta bicolor
arrowroot bicolor
arrowroot bicolor

Arrowroot Maranta cristata is a rhizome plant with a short, creeping rhizome over time. The roots are succulent, form fusiform thickenings. The bush is on average 35-40 cm tall. Leaves are oblong or broadly elliptical in shape, on average 10-15 cm long and 6-10 cm wide, with slightly wavy edges. The petiole is short, 4-5 cm long, green-reddish. The color of the leaf is special, if you look closely, you will see a difference from the arrowroot of the white-veined variety 'Kerhoven' - the background of the leaf is medium green, along the central vein there is a light green ridge - it is always uninterrupted (look at the outlines of the ridge, where it is highlighted in red), wide strokes are dark from the ridge -green and usually they merge into a solid line, almost uninterrupted by a dark border. The tips of the ridge are sharpened smoothly, and do not turn into narrow contrasting stripes,as, for example, the white-necked arrowroot variety 'Massange'.

Arrowroot arrowroot Maranta leuconeura is a perennial rhizome plant that forms a compact bush, over time the shoots grow and the plant takes on a semi-ampelous shape. Previously, several variations were distinguished in white-necked arrowroot, today they are not, there are a number of varieties that differ mainly only in the color of the leaves. The leaves are oblong or broadly elliptical, on average 10-15 cm long and 7-10 cm wide, located at an acute angle on the petiole. In arrowroot white-tendon, the roots are juicy, light brown, well developed, over time they form oval tubers, like potato tubers, only small.

arrowroot tricolor
arrowroot tricolor

Maranta tricolor Maranta leuconeura 'Erythrophylla'

arrowroot tricolor
arrowroot tricolor

Maranta tricolor Maranta leuconeura 'Erythrophylla'

Kerhoven arrowroot
Kerhoven arrowroot

Maranta Kerhoveana Maranta leuconeura 'Kerchoveana'

Kerhoven arrowroot
Kerhoven arrowroot

Maranta Kerhovena Maranta leuconeura 'Kerchoveana'

arrowroot massage
arrowroot massage

Maranta Massanzha Maranta leuconeura 'Massangeana'

arrowroot massage
arrowroot massage

Maranta Massanzha Maranta leuconeura 'Massangeana'

arrowroot emerald beauty
arrowroot emerald beauty

Maranta Emerald Bjuti Maranta leuconeura 'Emerald Beauty '

arrowroot beauty kim
arrowroot beauty kim

Maranta Beauty Kim Maranta leuconeura' Beauty Kim '

arrowroot beauty kim
arrowroot beauty kim

Maranta Beauty Kim Maranta leuconeura' Beauty Kim '

arrowroot whitish
arrowroot whitish

White-necked arrowroot (species) Maranta leuconeura

Arrowroot varieties

  • Kerhoven's variety Maranta leuconeura 'Kerchoveana' is the best known and most widespread variety. In fact, the leaf pattern is almost two-color: the general phot is medium green, symmetrical dark spots on both sides of the central vein - they are dark green in young leaves, brown with age. In shape, the spots, like brush prints or broad strokes, never merge into a solid line. Longitudinal veins are weakly expressed, protrude above the leaf surface, but not too much.
  • Massange Maranta leuconeura 'Massangeana' - a more refined pattern, it is sometimes called black arrowroot. The main medium-green background of the leaf plate, characteristic of the original species of arrowroot, remains only at the edge, on both sides of the central vein, light (light green, sometimes almost white) stripes of longitudinal veins protruding with an edge are pronounced, and between them there are broad strokes of dark green or greenish brown.
  • Variety Marisella Maranta leuconeura 'Marisela' - very similar to Massange, the difference is that the main background of the leaves is rich dark green and only along the central vein there is a wide toothed strip of light green color and the same light relief longitudinal veins.
  • Variety Tricolor (red-leaved) Maranta leuconeura 'Erythrophylla' - it is often called simply Maranta tricolor. The main background is dark green, often with a brownish tint, possibly lighter towards the edges of the leaves. There is a light green stripe along the central vein, the transverse veins are sharply expressed, colored with red of varying intensity (from pink to purple). On its leaves, lateral red veins are clearly visible. For this variety, the direction of the stems is especially characteristic, as it were along a broken line. This variety is found under the name arrowroot Fascinator 'Fascinator'.
  • Beauty Kim Maranta leuconeura 'Beauty Kim' - this variety has a viral variegation. The leaves are medium green, against this background there are dark green or brownish spots symmetrical relative to the central vein, like Kerhoven's, and at the same time, yellow-green specks and stripes throughout the leaf from small strokes to large stripes, they are all oriented (directed) along the transverse veins of the leaf. In some cases, the white stripes on the sheets are very wide, taking up a quarter or half of the sheet.
  • Variety Emeral Beauty Maranta leuconeura 'Emerald Beauty' - also similar to the Massange variety, but differs in a wider, almost half-leaf light strip along the central vein and it does not have dark spots - the transition from one color to another is smooth.

Arrowroot care

arrowroot
arrowroot

This is how the arrowroot picks up and turns the leaves when it gets dark.

Temperature

Moderate, in summer arrowroots do not tolerate heat above 28 ° C, especially on the sunny side. In winter, a cool content is desirable, optimally 18-20 ° C, but not lower than + 14 ° C. In general, arrowroot is not demanding to care for, grows under normal room conditions, but does not tolerate cold drafts and sudden temperature changes. If you put pots on the balcony in the spring, make sure that the night temperature does not drop below 14 ° C, in the fall you need to bring it into the house in September.

Lighting

Partial shade, in bright light and in a too dark place, the color of arrowroot leaves fades. Direct sunlight should be avoided between 12 and 17 noon. In winter, you need very good lighting, especially if the house is warm. Oriental and northwestern windows that are not shaded from the street work best for arrowroots; make sure that the leaves on the plant on the windowsill do not come into contact with the cold window glass in winter.

Watering

Abundant in summer, but when the top layer of soil in the pot dries well. In winter, watering is moderate, wait 3-4 days, after the topsoil dries out. It is advisable to water it only with soft water, even better filtered - arrowroots are very sensitive to chlorine and an excess of fluorine in water (from this, brown spots appear on the leaves along the edges of the leaves).

Fertilizer

From April to August, arrowroots are fed with liquid complex fertilizer for decorative leafy plants every two weeks. The plant is sensitive to excess or overfeeding of fertilizers. Read more about fertilizers and other care issues in the section Growing arrowroot at home

Air humidity

Arrowroot loves humid air, optimally about 70%. Regular spraying of the leaves is required during the heating season and on dry hot days in summer. The easiest way to increase the humidity around the plants is by placing the pot on a wide pan of water. In this case, the water should not flow into the pot to the roots.

Transfer

Annually in spring, in a well-drained light soil, consisting of 2-3 parts of leaf, 1 part of humus soil, 1 part of coniferous soil mixed with sand. Pieces of charcoal are added to the soil mixture. Arrowroot does not tolerate lime content in the soil. The container for these plants should not be deep. At the bottom of the pot, you need to expand the holes or pour a high layer of drainage. It does not matter what type of pot you choose, arrowroot grows well in both clay and plastic. Grows poorly in fibrous peat shop.

Reviews about growing arrowroot

Oksana Peregodina: Through many years of experience I was convinced that arrowroot can be a very problematic plant. Firstly, arrowroot loves not just loose soil, it needs land - the leaf litter of their forest. It is best to collect clean land under beeches or birches growing on dark soil in an ecologically clean place. Humus from already rotted beech leaves is just perfect. For two parts of leafy land, I take 1 part of universal soil from a store or 1 part of garden land from cucumber beds, to which humus was introduced last year. The whole earth must be sterilized, preferably in the oven for an hour and a half. There is no need to add sand. Poor arrowroots grow on heavy clay soils, on pure black soil. Secondly, it is important for arrowroot not to fill the soil, but to maintain high humidity. Therefore, do not try to keep the soil constantly moist,it is better to place the pot on a wide cat litter box of water.

V. Lyubimova: I agree completely, the arrowroot on the roots of the nodules is a water-storing organ, in nature they tolerate dry periods well, but in the tropical forest there is always humid air, therefore it is more important to create good humidity, and not strive to water more often. It is also very important not to overfeed with fertilizers, especially after transplanting or in winter.

NiKiTa: It was a revelation to me that arrowroot doesn't like tap water, but it's a fact! Discovered when moving. I always watered the flowers with settled water (we have it not hard) from the tap, heated to room temperature, but the arrowroot was slowly becoming stained. For all signs of potassium starvation. I transplanted it once a year, did not feed it or flood it, that's for sure. When I moved to another city, the tap water turned out to be extremely lousy, and at first I watered with distilled water, to which I added 1/2 dose of fertilizer for orchids. A miracle happened - there were no more new spots, over time, arrowroot overgrown, old leaves were cut off and a gorgeous bush turned out. Subsequently, I began to drain the water from the aquarium, she also likes it.

Reproduction of arrowroot

arrowroot cuttings
arrowroot cuttings

Arrowroot propagates not by a leaf, but by a cuttings - a leaf with a heel, part of a stem, a knot.

You can get another copy of this beautiful home plant by division during transplantation or by cuttings. It is advisable to do this in the spring, but in principle, arrowroot multiplies easily at any time of the year, if it is light and warm enough.

From a large bush, you can cut off two or three shoots with a small part of the roots and plant in a small pot. In order for the plant to take root better, never plant arrowroot on hot days, and after transplanting, you can place the pot in a plastic bag - straighten its edges, but do not tie it. Cuttings root fairly easily in water. The water needs to be changed if it loses its transparency. You can plant it in a pot when the roots grow 3-4 cm long.

Growing problems

  • The ends of the leaves are brown and dry, stunted growth is a possible reason: the air is too dry or the plant is too dry. Another reason is the quality of the water (a lot of salts, chlorine, fluorine, hardness). Also check to see if the plant is infested with spider mites. Remove dead leaves, keep humidity above 50%.
  • The ends of the leaves are yellow-brown - with an excess or lack of nutrients in the soil. You should not get carried away with fertilizers, especially if you have good quality soil. At the same time, emaciated plants have pale small leaves, and no additional feeding is required, but a transplant.
  • The leaves curl up, the lower leaves turn yellow - a possible reason: insufficient watering. The soil should not dry out too much, especially if the temperature is above 26 ° C.
  • Sluggish stems, drooping shoots - if it is too cold and / or too wet for a long time.
  • Leaves lose color, turn pale, discolor and dry out - under too intense sunlight, when the afternoon sun hits the leaves, or when mites attack.

Arrowroot pests

Scabbards: sometimes damage arrowroot leaves by sucking juice from the leaves. They can be found if sticky drops appeared on the leaves, not on the tips, but on the leaf blades themselves, at the same time, yellow spots on the leaves, along the veins and on the petioles, small brown pimples, some translucent, others hard, brown, if pressed, remains wet spot.

Control measures. First, you need to wash the plant from pests with a sponge and soap solution. Then dilute the solution of the drug Aktara, spill the soil with it and spray the leaves. Repeat in 5-7 days.

Spider mites: They also harm arrowroots, especially if you have roses on your windowsill nearby. Damaged plants are characterized by pale yellow or light colored leaves. If you place the sheet against the light, there are prominent punctures of the ticks, as if the sheet was poked with a needle.

Control measures. You can get rid of ticks on arrowroots with a hot shower. Turn on water with a temperature of 50-55 ° C, turn the pot upside down, holding the plant so that it does not fall out (you can tie it with a bag) and pour from the shower so that the leaves are rinsed from the back under pressure. Then place the pot in the bathroom and pour the entire bush on top, including wetting the soil. After that, watering can only be done after high-quality drying of the earth. If you repeat the procedure every 5-7 days, you can get rid of ticks in 3-4 times without chemicals. But it must be borne in mind that if the land dries out poorly, watering must be canceled and the soil loosened. If you doubt the effectiveness of this procedure or are afraid to do something wrong, you can apply acaricide spraying against ticks - these are Apollo, Fitoverm, Derris, Fufanon, Actellic preparations.

Read more about pests of indoor plants in the "pests" section

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