Mammillaria - Growing Conditions: Temperature In Winter, Lighting, Soil

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Mammillaria - Growing Conditions: Temperature In Winter, Lighting, Soil
Mammillaria - Growing Conditions: Temperature In Winter, Lighting, Soil
Video: Mammillaria - Growing Conditions: Temperature In Winter, Lighting, Soil
Video: Plant Temperature, Exploring why leaf, fruit and soil temperatures can differ significantly 2023, February

How to care for different types of mammillaria

Consider the brief requirements of Mammillaria for soil, temperature, lighting:

  • The general rule for all types of mammillaria care: do not water in winter, keep at a temperature of 7-10 degrees Celsius.
  • The so-called white mammillaria (with a large number of white spines or pubescence, such where the stem is practically invisible) are marked in blue.
  • For them, even if not specified, maximum lighting, adding lime (crushed eggshells) to the substrate, and watering only from below to maintain pubescence.
  • Lighting, if not specified, light shade (shade during hottest hours of the day).
species of mammillaria and ssp minimum temperature priming lighting root system type homeland of cactus
mineral superficial
-2 Tamaulipas, Mexico.
mineral / organic fibrous
mineral / organic fibrous
mineral / organic fibrous
amajacensis -4 Mexico (Hidalgo)
anniana -4 organic Tamaulipas, Mexico.
armillata +2 mineral, more sand the sun washcloth Mexico (southern Baja California)
aureilanata mineral kernel Mexico (San Luis Potosi)
backebergiana ssp. backebergiana -2 Mexico (Guerrero, Michoacan)
backebergiana ssp. ernestii -2 Mexico (Guerrero, Mexico State)
barbata more sand frail USA (Arizona, New Mexico), Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango)
-4 the sun Mexico (Tamaulipas)
beneckei > 0 sun (a lot) Mexico (Oaxaca to Sinaloa), sensitive to low temp.
berkiana Jalisco, Mexico
blossfeldiana Mexico (Baja California), do not fill !!!
bocasana -4 undemanding San Luis Potosi and Zacatecas, Mexico
bocensis -4 Northwestern Mexico (southern Sonora, northern Sinaloa)
boelderliana 0 light partial shade turnip 5 times longer than the stem Mexico (Zacatecas)
Mexico (Coahuila, San Luis Potosi)
boolii 4 mineral, more sand the sun Sonora Coast (Mexico), cracked volcanic rocks with very little soil, and full sun.
brandegeei ssp brandegeei, gabbii -2 Baja California Peninsula, Mexico
brandegeei ssp glareosa fleshy long Baja California, Mexico
brandegeei ssp. lewisiana thin Baja California, Mexico
canelensis -2 the sun Mexico (Chihuahua)
capensis Baja California Sur, Mexico.
carmenae the sun Mexico (Tamaulipas)
carnea -4 with limestone Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi)
carretii Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
coahuilensis -7 turnip Mexico (Coahuila)
columbiana 0 … 7 undemanding Colombia, Venezuela, Peru
compressa -6 the sun Central Mexico (Hidalgo, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
crinita -2 light partial shade thick washcloth Mexico (Hidalgo)
-4 Mexico (at the border of the states of Puebla and Oaxaca)
A mixture of brick dust, sand, loam and gravel
decipiens ssp. albescens Mexico (Guanahuato, Queretaro)
decipiens ssp. camptotricha -2 Mexico (Queretaro)
decipiens ssp decipiens -4 light partial shade San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato and Queretaro
deherdtiana ssp. deherdtiana organic, minimum dressing washcloth Mexico: Oaxaca, between Nejapa, Juquila, Mixes and Lachiguiri (barren rocky soil)
deherdtiana ssp. dodsonii organic washcloth Mexico (Oaxaca, north of Oaxaca City)
densispina -2 Central Mexico (Zacatecas) (Thick moss on rock outcrops and steep slopes in the shade of an oak woodland)
dioica -4 good drainage USA (Southern California), Mexico (Baja California)
discolor Mexico (Hidalgo, Mexico DF, Oaxaca, Puebla)
-2 Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca)
duoformis (in brackets ssp claviformis) -4 (0) light partial shade Mexico (Puebla)
ekmanii light partial shade West Indies (Haiti: Navassa Island)
elongata -1 light partial shade Central Mexico (Hidalgo, Queretaro)
eriacantha + 5 … + 7! Mexico (Vera Cruz) ((average t in zone: 18 in winter, 25.5 in summer)
erythrosperma lime? light partial shade Mexico (San Luis Potosi: limestone cliffs)
evermanniana -2 the sun Mexico (Cerralvo Island in Baja California)
fittkaui -2 light partial shade Mexico (Jalisco) (rocks)
flavicentra Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
with sand and limestone
Mexico (Queretaro, Guanajuato)
fraileana -2 … 0 without limestone the sun washcloth Mexico (Baja California) (non-limestone rocks)
geminispina -2 the sun Central Mexico (Hidalgo state)
geminispina ssp. leucocentra the sun Central Mexico (Hidalgo state)
gigantea Mexico (Guanajuato)
glassii var. glassii -2 -6 shallow pot Northeastern Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
glochidiata -4 Mexico (Hidalgo)
goodridgii deep core Mexico (Baja California: Cedros Island, Guadalupe Island)
grahamii -ten the sun thickened California to Texas, northwestern Mexico
grusonii Mexico (Coahuila, Sierra Bola)
-4 … -6
guerreronis <0 the sun Guerrero
guillauminiana kernel Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa)
haageana ssp. schmollii
hahniana -4 … -6 Mexico (Guanajuato)
hahniana ssp. bravoae (Milky sap) -4 Mexico (Guanajuato: Rio Blanco area)
hahniana ssp hahniana -4
hahniana ssp. mendeliana Mexico (Guanajuato, Queretaro)
hahniana ssp woodsii (milky) Mexico (Guanajuato: Hacienda de Tarajeas)

near Ocotepec, Oaxaca (Mexico) (Meadows, wooded valleys, in humus and moss)

halei 0 Magdalena and St. Margaret Islands, California, Mexico.
heidiae washcloth Mexico (Puebla) (Semyonov advises a deep pot)
hernandezii -4 Watering careful fleshy Mexico (Oaxaca)
-4 Mexico (Sonora)
heyderi ssp gaumeri half sand Yucatan, Mexico
heyderi ssp. gummifera North central Mexico up to the US border
heyderi ssp. hemisphaerica USA (Texas), Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
heyderi ssp heyderi -ten turnip (core) USA (New Mexico, Texas)
heyderi ssp. macdougalii -8 the sun southern Arizona, northern Sonora (among desert grasses)
heyderi ssp. meiacantha -ten

SE Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, USA; Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas, Mexico (desert and simple fields)

huitzilopochtli ssp huitzilopochtli 0 /> 0 Oaxaca, Puebla, Mexico
huitzilopochtli ssp. niduliformis 0 Mexico (Oaxaca, Tomellin Canyon)
Hidalgo, Mexico
hutchinsoniana ssp hutchinsoniana washcloth Mexico (Baja California)
hutchisoniana ssp. louisae West coast of Baja California
insularis fleshy Mexico (Baja California)
jaliscana (mb +) the sun shallow Mexico: Durango, Jalisco, Michoacan, Zacatecas
johnstonii <0 Mexico (coastal Sonora: around Guaymas)
karwinskiana -4 Mexico (Oaxaca)
karwinskiana ssp. beiselii 0 Mexico (Oaxaca state, Nejapa)
karwinskiana ssp. collinsii Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas)
karwinskiana ssp. nejapensis 4 / -4 Mexico (Oaxaca state, Nejapa)
klissingiana -4 light partial shade shallow Mexico (Tamaulipas) (in limestone rocks)
knipelliana Mexico (Morelos)
kraehenbuehlii light partial shade Mexico (Oaxaca) (in limestone rocks)
with limestone USA (Texas, New Mexico), Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi) in the Chihuahuan Desert
laui -7 … -4 light partial shade Tamaulipas, Mexico
lindsayi -7 Mexico (Chihuahua, Sinaloa) (in crevices where there is humus)
lloydii Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas)
longiflora -6 shallow Mexico (Durango, in the Sierra de Cacaria)
longiflora ssp. stampferi -4 Mexico (Durango)
longimamma -5 … -4 mineral with phosphorus kernel USA (Texas), Mexico (Hidalgo, Querеtaro)
luethyi mineral the sun kernel

Mexico (Northern Coahuila: limestone crevices in the Chihuahuan desert)

magnifica shallow Mexico (Morelos, Puebla)
magnimamma <0 the sun Mexico (Hidalgo, Mexico DF, Zacatecas)
mainiae the sun USA (Arizona), Mexico (Sonora, northern Sinaloa)
mammillaris 8 West indies
marcosii Mexico (Guanajuato) (volcanic rocks)
marksiana -4 unpretentious light partial shade Mexico (southern Sonora, Sinaloa, Durango)
mathildae washcloth Mexico (Queretaro)
matudae -4 … -2 Mexico
mazatlanensis -2 Coastal western Mexico (southern Sonora down to Colima)
mazatlanensis ssp patonii 0 Mexico (Nayarit: Tres Marias Island)
melaleuca Mexico (Tamaulipas)
melanocentra -10 -6 Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
mercadensis -2 Mexico (Durango)
meyranii five Mexico (Michoacan)
-4 … -2 Mexico (Queretaro)
miegiana Mexico (Sonora, west of Moctezuma)
mieheana Mexico (Queretaro)
Mexico (Durango, Zacatecas) 10
morganiana Mexico (Queretaro, Guanajuato)
muehlenpfordtii -4 Mexico (Guanajuato, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
multidigitata the sun Endemic to San Pedro Nolasco Island in the gulf of California (Mexico)
mystax -7/2 the sun Central Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca, Veracruz)
nana San Luis Potosi, Guanajuaro, Queretaro, Mexico
nana ssp. duwei (duwei in the old way) -7 Mexico (Guanajuato)
napina kernel Mexico (Puebla)
neopalmeri Mexico (Baja California: San Benito Island, Guadalupe Island)
nivosa + 5 … + 10 West Indies, Cuba
oteroi the sun Mexico (Oaxaca)
-4 the sun Mexico (Hidalgo)
-7 / -2
peninsularis Mexico (Southern tip of southern Baja California)
pennispinosa -6 water only from below! the sun kernel Mexico (Coahuila and Durango)
perbella -7 … -4 with sand and limestone the sun Central Mexico (Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Queretaro)
petrophila and all her ssp 0 Mexico (Southern Baja California: Sierra de la Laguna, Sierra Francisquito)
petterssonii Mexico (Zacatecas, Guanajuato, Queretaro)
phitauiana Southern tip of Baja California (Mexico)
picta and ssp -4 kernel Mexico (Tamaulipas)
pilispina Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
-6 Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Coahuila)
polyedra Mexico (Oaxaca)
polythele and ssp -1 Mexico (Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Queretaro)
pondii and ssp Cedros Island, Baja California, Mexico.
poselgeri Baja California Sur, Mexico.
-nine USA (southern Texas), Mexico (US border down to Zacatecas)
Mexico (Oaxaca)
rettigiana Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Mexico.
rhodantha -4 … -3 Mexico (Mexico DF)
roseoalba Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Le n, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
saboae and ssp -3 mineral, watering from above light partial shade thick branched Mexico (Chihuahua)
Tamaulipas, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Mexico.
sartorii the sun Mexico (Veracruz)
Queretaro and Hidalgo, Mexico
schiedeana and ssp +5 with lime the sun thick fragile Mexico (Hidalgo)
schumannii -2 … 0 the sun Southern tip of Baja California (Mexico)
scrippsiana -7 light partial shade Mexico (Jalisco, Nayarit, Zacatecas)
sempervivi with lime long rod Central and northern Mexico
the sun Mexico (Chihuahua to Jalisco)
sheldonii -2 Mexico (southern Sonora, northern Sinaloa)
sinistrohamata Zacatecas, Mexico
sonorensis -7 the sun Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua)
sphacelata and ssp Mexico (southern Puebla, northeastern Oaxaca)
sphaerica -8 the sun fragile rod USA (southeastern Texas) Mexico (Tamaulipas)
spinosissima and ssp tepoxtlana -3 Morelos and Guerrero states, Mexico
standleyi -2 Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua)
Mexico (Durango)
-4 Mexico (northern Oaxaca, southern Puebla)
surculosa -2 kernel Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
tayloriorum Mexico (Sonora: San Pedro Nolasco Island)
tepexicensis Mexico (Oaxaca)
tetrancistra -7 turnip Mexico
theresae strong washcloth Mexico (Durango)
thornberi -6 Southwestern Arizona (USA), northeastern Sonora, down to around the city of Caborca ​​(Mexico)
tetrancistra -7 turnip Mexico
theresae strong washcloth Mexico (Durango)
thornberi -6

Southwestern Arizona (USA), northeastern Sonora, down to around the city of Caborca ​​(Mexico)

vetula and ssp -12 … -8 Mexico (Hidalgo, Guanajuato)
voburnensis -1 Guatemala, Honduras
voburnensis ssp. eichlamii +5 Guatemala
wagneriana Mexico (Aguascalientes, Jalisco, Zacatecas)
weingartiana Mexico (Nuevo Leоn)
wiesingeri and ssp thick Mexico (Hidalgo, Mexico)
winterae -ten Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Coahuila) (limestone slopes)
wrightii -12 USA (New Mexico), Mexico (northern Sonora, Chihuahua)
xaltianguensis and ssp Mexico (Guerrero, Michoacan)
zeilmanniana Guanajuato, Mexico.
zephyranthoides Central mexico

A more detailed description of the care of mammilaria, as well as photos of species and details of cultivation on the page of the Encyclopedia - Mammillaria

By irina-bahus, November 2007.

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