Ficus Pumila - Dwarf Ficus - Care And Cultivation

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Ficus Pumila - Dwarf Ficus - Care And Cultivation
Ficus Pumila - Dwarf Ficus - Care And Cultivation
Video: Ficus Pumila - Dwarf Ficus - Care And Cultivation
Video: Ficus Pumila (Creeping Fig): Repotting and Indoor Care Tips 2023, February
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Mulberry family. Homeland - China, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam.

ficus tiny
ficus tiny

ficus pumila

ficus tiny
ficus tiny

ficus pumila 'White Sunny'

ficus stipules
ficus stipules

ficus pumila 'White Sunny'

creeping ficus
creeping ficus

ficus pumila 'White Sunny'

This is an evergreen herb with creeping shoots, densely covered with small alternately arranged leaves on short petioles. Ficus has two types of leaves: juvenile (young) leaves are round-heart-shaped, 2.5 to 4 cm long, and about 2 cm wide, some varieties have rounded leaves, others more elongated. The surface of the leaf is dense, smooth or wrinkled.

The second type of leaves - mature, appear on adult plants, at the ends of shoots, they are much larger from 7 to 10 cm in length, more rigid, with pronounced venation on the lower side, the stems of mature shoots are thick with dense bark. Only on shoots with mature large leaves in nature, dwarf ficus produces fruits - syconia.

They are light green spherical or pear-shaped, about 3 cm in diameter, orange when ripe, not eaten, but in the East (Vietnam. China, Japan) are used in folk medicine. Under indoor conditions, only juvenile shoots are formed on ficus.

Agava reports: In warm areas, old plants begin to produce thick shoots with large oval leaves. Fruits can only be on such branches. By the way, variegated 'Sunny' becomes just a green m with larger leaves with age, but these are still juvenile shoots, not fruit ones. But such fallen "flowers" - barren flowers were scattered below. Not one with seeds. This brown "fur" on the inner surface - and there are flowers:

dwarf ficus
dwarf ficus
dwarf ficus
dwarf ficus

Dwarf ficus care

Temperature: moderate, optimal in the range of 20-25 ° C, in winter it is possible to keep it at lower temperatures around 12-14 ° C, with limited watering, the limit is 8 ° C with a dry content. Although in natural conditions, the tiny ficus can withstand lower temperatures, and even slight frosts.

Lighting: Ficus Pumila grows well in bright, diffused light with some sunlight. The east and west windows are suitable, shading is required only at noon hours. It grows well under artificial lighting. Variegated ficus is more light-requiring. If the ficus lacks light, it can grow new shoots without leaves.

Watering: quite abundant, this is a rare ficus that does not tolerate complete drying out of the earth, it should always be slightly damp, but dry up on top before the next watering. In order not to turn the pot of earth into a swamp, drainage is poured at the bottom. In winter, watering is limited, after the soil in the upper part of the pot dries out, wait another 3-5 days with the next watering. In general, watering should be of such frequency that the soil does not dry out completely - into dust.

Top dressing with fertilizers: from March to August, once every two to three weeks, you can fertilize with fertilizers for decorative deciduous plants. Anything will do - Pocon, Uniflor-growth or Uniflor-micro or Merry Flower Girl.

Air humidity: the leaves need to be sprayed, especially in hot dry weather in summer, and if washed during the heating season, the ficus pumila is very easily attacked by a spider mite from dry air.

Transplant: carried out annually in spring, in fresh soil. Potting mix: 2 parts leafy soil, 1 part peat soil, 1 part sand and 1 part well-decomposed compost. You can also use leafy soil in its pure form, ficuses grow well in universal soil from the store. Soil acidity from weakly acidic to very weakly alkaline (pH 5.5-7.5). Ficus does not tolerate alkaline and too acidic substrates.

A pot of any material, not deep, but wide enough. Focus on these proportions - the width of the pot and the height are about the same. The roots of the ficus dwarf are scabrous, but easily torn, shallow. If, when transplanting, the old clod of earth is too strongly entwined with roots, do not tear it apart, just transplant it into a larger pot, and add humus earth rather than ordinary soil.

Reproduction of ficus pumila

Pumila ficus cuttings root easily in water, soil or wet vermiculite. You can also make a layering, for this, next to the pot of ficus, put another pot of earth, the branch of the ficus is not cut off, but taken to another pot, and pinned to the ground (you can use a piece of wire or a paper clip). The land with the layering is kept constantly moist.

Tiny ficus
Tiny ficus

You can root cuttings of tiny ficus in the ground or pure vermiculite. There are two options here: in a "modernized" plastic bottle and a cup of vermiculite.

Tiny ficus
Tiny ficus

A 0.5 liter plastic bottle should be cut (the middle part can be cut out), drainage and earth should be poured into the bottom, the cuttings should be inserted and closed with the upper part (remove the lid). It turns out a micro-greenhouse, no need to ventilate.

Tiny ficus
Tiny ficus

The photo shows that from the high humidity, roots formed on the cuttings not only in the ground, but also above the ground, and in just a week.

Tiny ficus
Tiny ficus

In a cup with vermiculite, the roots are also formed, and they are quite strong, but it is better to root in a transparent glass so that the formation of roots is visible.

Frequently asked questions about ficus

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