Indoor Begonias Begonia - General Description And Types

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Indoor Begonias Begonia - General Description And Types
Indoor Begonias Begonia - General Description And Types
Video: Indoor Begonias Begonia - General Description And Types
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Blooming begonia
Blooming begonia

Family Begoniaceae. There are about 1400 species of begonias and a huge number of hybrids. Their homeland is tropical and subtropical regions mainly of South America, East and West Africa, Asia.

Begonias are beautiful houseplants with succulent leaves, fleshy but fragile stems. The leaves of most begonias are asymmetric, whole or pinnately dissected. Often the underside has a reddish, brown or dark purple color, and the upper side is a mixture of various colors, a pattern of several colors and shades in the form of geometric patterns, strokes, specks. The leaves, petioles and stems of begonias are covered with hairs, sometimes unusual, for example, star-shaped.

Among begonias, there are many shrubs or semi-shrubs, with erect or drooping shoots, there are grasses and vines (ampelous begonias), epiphytes and succulents, caudex forms.

The root system of begonias is well developed, it is a creeping or tuberous-thickened rhizome. There is a separate group of tuberous begonias.

The inflorescence is a complex panicle; the pedicels have both male and female flowers. In female flowers, a triangular seed capsule is formed above the petals. Most begonias bloom all summer, but if the conditions are right, they can bloom in fall and even winter.

In nature, begonias grow in tropical rainforests and mountain meadows at an altitude of 3000-4000 m above sea level. Some species are much less common in drier conditions. Most begonias are demanding on high air humidity, but in natural conditions they are shrouded in fogs, and the soil is very loose, drained. Therefore, begonias, especially those with velvet leaves, are never sprayed with begonias of the Lorrain group. And Bauer's begonia is not only not sprayed, but they also try to water so that water does not fall on the leaves.

Biologically, all begonias are divided into three groups:

  • tuberous begonias (for example, Lorrain begonia),
  • rhizomatous begonia (for example, Bauer's begonia),
  • begonias that have a shallow root system (for example, ever-flowering begonia).

Types of begonias

Such a classification is not entirely convenient for a simple flower grower, so more often we divide begonias into decorative leafy and decorative flowering. Read more about the different groups of begonias in our articles:

blooming begonias
blooming begonias

Decorative blooming begonias

Some of the most spectacular blooming begonias are tuberous begonias, which are potted crops such as, for example, the Lorrain begonia hybrids and the Elatior begonia hybrids. At home, both species of begonias are grown: Begonia coccinea, Begonia glaucophylla, etc., and hybrids obtained by crossing two or more types of begonias, and many of them have very beautiful leaves and at the same time bloom beautifully and profusely.

The most famous indoor begonia is always flowering, it is an ampelous plant. It is unpretentious, but lives up to its name, blooms constantly and very abundantly.

deciduous begonias
deciduous begonias

Decorative foliage begonias

Deciduous begonias differ in that they have spectacular greenery, beautiful shape and pattern. The flowers of decorative deciduous begonias are not as colorful and abundant as, for example, in tuberous begonias, but in some, the flowering is very abundant and long-lasting. In the world of biologists there is no single classification of the genus of begonias, or rather, there are several classifications, and each one uses the one that is more convenient and understandable for him …

Cane Begonias are very beautiful - a group of bush hybrid begonias, mainly with erect stems and an underground rhizome (rhizome). Or Bauer's Begonia - short, compact - there is a corner for it on every windowsill!

begonias care
begonias care

Leafy begonias care

There are a lot of decorative deciduous begonias, they differ not only in structure, some species are completely unpretentious, others are considered capricious. But they have the same general care requirements.

Most deciduous begonias love high humidity, and quite large specimens grow among them. Those. there may not be enough space on the windowsill. Do not place the pot on the floor or on a stand near a battery. If it is impossible to put the plant near the window, put it further from the batteries, but arrange additional lighting with fluorescent lamps, since already 1 m from the window, begonias will be dark.

Begonia Rex
Begonia Rex

Begonia Rex

In the classification of all types of begonias, the Rex group refers to rhizomatous (rhizomal) begonias, but due to some peculiarities (initially - the origin, later due to the peculiarities of care), they are distinguished separately, separately. Most of the plants are short, reaching a maximum of 1–1.5 m, with a lodging, creeping, over time hanging pseudostem. More precisely, the above-ground part of the rhizome - the rhizome - is taken for the stem. Traces of old, already dead leaves are clearly visible on it. Leaves on long petioles. Forms can be: simple rounded, oblong, oblique-heart, cochlea, feathery (slightly dissected or deeply dissected, stellate).

Begonia Rex
Begonia Rex

Family of begonias

The family of begonias includes 2 genera, of which it is of interest and only the genus Begonia is widespread at home. There are many types of begonias - according to different sources from 1000 to 1400. Interestingly, begonias do not grow in Australia and Polynesia.

Some species inhabit dry underbrush, rocky terrain, settling in rock crevices, but most are natives of moist shady forests, valleys and mountain slopes. Among them are medicinal and edible species.

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