Cyrtomium Cyrtomium - Fern Care

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Cyrtomium Cyrtomium - Fern Care
Cyrtomium Cyrtomium - Fern Care
Video: Cyrtomium Cyrtomium - Fern Care
Video: Cyrtomium falcatum - grow & care (Japanese holly fern) 2023, February
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Cyrtomium
Cyrtomium

Shytovnik family. Homeland - the tropics of Africa, Japan, China. In nature, there are about 15 species. The closest relatives of cytomium are the pteris and polypodium ferns.

Cyrtomium crescent Cyrtomium falkatum is a perennial herb native to East Asia. Its rhizome is short, covered with brown scales. Vai, once pinnately dissected, dark green, about 40-50 cm long. Segments of leaves are leathery, sickle-curved. Depending on the variety, they have a serrated or even edge

Cyrthomium - care

Temperature: prefers moderate temperatures, does not like the heat of the sun, optimal placement - coolness in diffused light, with very light shading. Winter is better experienced in coolness at 18-20 ° C, at least in the cold season + 8-10 ° C, with dry soil.

Lighting: like most ferns, cytomium grows well under openwork light - in nature under the crown of trees, at home the best option is an east or northwest window sill, a not too dark north window. If you have a south or sunny west side, place it near the window behind a tulle curtain. Do not place the pot on the floor - the light only hits the top.

Watering: plentiful in warm weather, the soil should be slightly damp inside the pot all the time, but not too damp and have time to dry well in the upper third of the soil. Avoid waterlogging of the soil, especially during cold periods (when the heating is turned off or not yet turned on, and it is cold outside). The increased soil moisture does not compensate for the dry air. Try not to pour tap water on the cytomium unless it is soft enough. Use filtered or boiled water.

Top dressing: During the summer, fertilize indoor deciduous plants every two to three weeks. Take a dose of fertilizers half the recommended by the manufacturer.

Air humidity: not as picky about humidity as most other ferns, but requires occasional spraying of the leaves. The optimum humidity is at least 45%.

Transplant: The transplant of crescent cytomium is carried out in the spring, if necessary, when the roots fill the entire pot. Soil mixture - 1 part of leaf land (or peat), 1 part of humus soil and 1 part of coarse sand (2-4 mm). At the bottom of the pot are clay shards. Drainage of the soil is a prerequisite for the successful cultivation of this fern. In nature, it grows in crevices of coastal cliffs, on rocky slopes near rivers, and other wet areas. If a white salt crust has formed on the surface of the earth, then, without waiting for the next transplant, you can replace the top layer of the soil.

Reproduction: by dividing the bush (with part of the rhizome) in spring, very rarely by spores.

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