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Mulberry family. Ficus binnendiyka is native to the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, the extent of its distribution from the foothills of the Himalayas, through Nepal, Burma, Thailand, and to Vietnam, Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Philippines. It spread to other parts of the world in countries with tropical climates, is also popular in the United States, and is grown on the streets in parks and gardens. Grows everywhere but the wettest and driest habitats on all major islands, best in rocky and rocky open areas.
These are evergreen trees or shrubs that grow in nature about 20 m in height, at home about 1.5 m. It has a powerful root system, very aggressive in favorable conditions. Leaves are shiny, dark green, about 25-30 cm long and 6-7 wide. As with all ficuses, when cut or broken, sticky white milky sap is released from any part of the plant.
Description Vitaly Alenkin (Vitaly): Ficus binnendijkii Miquel - the bark of young shoots is light green. Young shoots quickly woody. On the trunks and lateral shoots of middle-aged plants, the bark is dark brown, rough, with white strokes, partially exfoliates in the form of small gray pieces (ribbons). In adult plants, the bark is light gray with white streaks.
Young leaves on the tops of the shoots are tubularly twisted, in light green stipules. The latter, after opening the leaf, dry up and fall off. Fully formed leaves are lanceolate (outwardly resembling oleander leaves), slightly concave along the midrib (boatlike), smooth to the touch, hard, glossy with a pointed top and a triangular base, from 25 to 30 cm long and up to 4-4.5 cm wide. The leaf blade is dark green above, matt green below, with a pronounced powerful yellow-green central vein. The petiole is 3-4 cm.
Ficus binnendiyka Ali 'Alii'
Its leaves are much wider than that of the original species of ficus binnendiyka; other characteristics are the same. This variety is more often used than the species in landscaping apartments, offices, winter gardens.
Ficus binnendeyka Amstel King 'Amstel King'
The leaf blade is wider and reaches 7 cm. In fact, the cultivars Amstel King and Amstel Queen are very difficult to distinguish.
Ficus binnendeyka Amstel Queen 'Amstel Queen'
A variety (more correctly cultivar) with an intermediate width of the leaf blade between Amstel King and Ali.
Ficus binnendeyka Amstel Gold 'Amstel Gold'
Leaves of a very spectacular color; on a light yellow-green background, there are scattered areas of green in different shades, from dark green to light green.
Among florists, you can hear the names "willow ficus" related to the binnendeyka ficus. The leaves of this ficus really resemble willow in shape, but this is a popular name, not a botanical one.
Binnendeyka ficus care
Temperature: moderate, optimal in the range of 20-25 ° C, in winter it is possible to keep it at lower temperatures around 16-18 ° C, with limited watering, limit 13 ° C with dry content. With sudden changes in temperature, it can shed leaves.
Lighting: bright diffused light, light partial shade. With a lack of light, the shoots stretch out, the leaves thin out. Direct sunlight can cause burns in hot midday. Variegated varieties like 'Amstel Gold need more intense lighting, with some sunlight in the morning or evening.
In general, ficus binnendiyka (ficus Ali) is very undemanding to light, for example, on the northern window sill of a window, even shaded from the street by houses or a balcony, it will grow without loss of leaves, but only very slowly, growing by 2-3 cm in about a year height, while on a light window it can grow by 10-15 cm per year.