Table of contents:
The davalliev family. Homeland - China, Japan, Polynesia, Canary Islands. More than 40 species grow in nature.
Several species are grown as indoor plants, for example, Davallia dissected Davallia dissecta or Davallia trichomanoides, Davallia Marisa Davallia mariesii, Davallia five-leafed Davallia pentaphylla - all of them are epiphytic ferns with a thick rhizome spread over the surface of the substrate and covered with dense pubescence. In most species, fronds are triangular in shape, pinnately dissected on long petioles. The people call this plant "Hare's paws".
Davallia is grown in tall flowerpots or hanging baskets and pots. In nature, most species grow high above the ground - right on tree trunks (in deep cracks in the bark), or on the forks of fallen branches. The substrate for them is deciduous litter and litter. This fern also grows in crevices between rocks and stones.
Fern Growing Secrets
Caring for Davallia
Temperature: In summer, prefers moderate temperatures in the range of 20-26 ° C, does not like heat above 30 ° C. In winter, a cool content of about 15-16 ° C is desirable. Davallia can grow well at normal room temperature all year round, but in winter it must be protected from the hot air of the batteries and if the window is dark, turn on additional lighting.
Lighting: from February to August, a bright diffused light is needed, protected from direct sunlight, from 12 to 15 hours. It can grow without shading only on the east and northwest windows. On the south and west side, the plant suffers from heat and sun and needs shading. In winter, you can put the pot even on the southern windowsill, until January - mid-February, direct rays do not harm at all.
Watering: plentiful in summer, after drying the soil in the upper part of the pot. In winter, watering is moderate, after thorough drying of the soil, but the soil should not dry out into dust. It is advisable to use settled water that does not contain lime for irrigation.
Fertilizer: top dressing with fertilizer for indoor decorative deciduous plants from May to August every two to three weeks. Fertilizers are taken in half the dose recommended by the manufacturer. Use only liquid fertilizer with water for irrigation.
Air humidity: Davallia does not tolerate very dry air only, below 30% - during these periods, place the pot on a pallet with wet pebbles. You can spray only occasionally from a small spray bottle, otherwise the ends of the wai turn brown. The ideal humidity is about 50-55% - with such indicators, the hygrometer does not need to be sprayed.
Transplant: annually in spring, only when the roots fill the entire pot. Pick up the soil with a slightly acidic reaction: 1 part of light turf, 2 parts of leaf (or peat) soil, 1 part of sphagnum moss and 1 part of small pebbles or gravel. The shape of the pot needs a wide, but not deep. Davallia does not like containers that are too large and deep. Fluffy rhizomes of davallia are not buried in the ground during transplantation - they are mostly superficial.
Reproduction: by dividing the rhizome, part of the bush at any time of the year, if it is light and warm enough. Just cut off a piece of shaggy "paw" with one green twig, put it on the surface of a wide pot with prepared soil, press it with a pebble or paper clip, periodically moisten the soil. It will take root in a week, but it will not grow soon, davallia as a whole grows lazily, not intensively.