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The davalliev family. A beautiful fern, the most hardy and common among indoor fern crops.
The most common types of Nephrolepis exalt Nephrolepis exaltata with straight erect leaves up to 60 cm long, and its varieties: Nephrolepis boston Nephrolepis bostoniensis with simple drooping pinnate leaves, Nephrolepis Piersoni with complex pinnate leaves, etc. on vays.
Nephrolepis looks good as an ampelous plant and can be placed both in a regular pot and in a hanging basket. Well suited for growing in hallways and stairwells, as well as in bathrooms if there is a window. Do not use chemicals to gloss the leaves.
Fern Growing Secrets
Temperature: Nephrolepis prefers moderate temperatures. In summer, preferably around 22-24 ° C, does not tolerate heat above 30 ° C, especially if the room is not ventilated. In winter, it prefers coolness, but not lower than 13-15 ° C. Does not tolerate cold drafts. It can grow all year round in normal home conditions.
Lighting: The place for nephrolepis should be light enough, but with shade from direct sunlight, light partial shade. It can grow in fairly dark places, but the bush will be rather 'liquid' and ugly. The best place is not far from the windows of the south and west orientation, the sill of the east and north windows. Can grow in fully artificial light.
Watering: Desirable with settled water that does not contain lime. But as practice has shown, nephrolepis is tolerant to the salt content in water. The frequency of watering depends on the temperature and growth rate: in spring - in summer, abundant, after the topsoil dries out, the next day. In winter, if the temperature is cool, then watering is moderate, after drying in the upper layers of the soil, wait a few more days before watering. Nephrolepis does not tolerate complete drying of the earth when the soil turns into dust. The root collar of the fern protrudes from the pot over time, which makes watering difficult, then watered from a pallet, by immersion.
Fertilizer: Top dressing with liquid fertilizer for indoor decorative leafy plants from May to August every two weeks.
Air humidity: Nephrolepis, despite its hardiness, does not tolerate dry air, and therefore requires frequent spraying. The ideal humidity is about 50-55%. The plant should be placed away from radiators and batteries.
Transfer: In the spring, only when the roots fill the entire pot. Dislikes too spacious pots. The soil should have a slightly acidic reaction. Soil - 1 part light turf, 1 part leaf, 1 part peat, 1 part humus soil and 1 part sand.
Reproduction: Mainly by dividing the bush or layering. Usually there are no problems with reproduction - cut off part of the roots with leaves with a knife during transplantation and plant in a small pot. The fern takes root quickly. But new leaves grow slowly at first.