Pteris Pteris

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Pteris Pteris
Pteris Pteris
Video: Pteris Pteris
Video: птерис 2023, February
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pteris Cretan
pteris Cretan

The pteris family. Homeland tropical regions of Japan, USA, South Africa, New Zealand, Mediterranean. Includes about 250 species.

  • Pteris Cretan Pteris cretica is a terrestrial plant with a creeping rhizome with pinnately dissected vays on long yellowish petioles. Vai 20-50cm long and 15-20cm wide. On the scaffolds there are 2-6 segments of a linear-lanceolate shape with a serrated edge. Has spore-bearing and sterile (non-spore-bearing) wai. One of the most common varieties, Pteris cretica albolineata, has a wide white stripe along the central vein.
  • Pteris longifolia Pteris longifolia is a fern with a creeping rhizome covered with brown scales. Vai is about 40-70cm long and 10-20cm wide on short petioles. Vai bear about 20-30 pairs of narrow-triangular segments from 5 to 10 cm long and 1 cm wide. Sporangia along the edge of the segment with a continuous line.
  • Pteris multi-incised Pteris multifida - with double-dissected sculpts, about 20-40 cm long and 15-20 cm wide. The segments are linear, about 2mm wide (very narrow and long), with a serrated edge. Sporangia along the edge of the segment with a continuous line.

Pteris care

Caring for pteris is exactly the same as for any other ferns: uniform moisture, periodic loosening of the top layer of soil, removal of dry leaves, inspection for the appearance of pests, especially ticks. Protect the plant from cold drafts, do not forget on the balcony at night if it is still cold! Do not place the pots so that the leaves hang from the edge of the window sill directly above the radiator, do not hang in front of the window.

Temperature: In summer about 20-22 ° C, in winter about 14-15 ° C, but not lower than 12 ° C for varieties with green leaves, and not lower than 16 ° C for variegated varieties. In general, pteris grows well at normal home temperatures throughout the year.

Lighting: The place for the pteris should be light enough, but shaded from direct sunlight, light partial shade. It can grow in rather dark places, but the bush will be liquid and ugly. The ideal place is the sill of the east or northwest window.

Watering: Watering only with clean soft water that does not contain chlorine, fluoride. If the water in your area is hard, use special water softening filters for filtration. In spring - in summer, watering is so abundant that only the upper part of the soil has time to dry. In winter it is moderate, its frequency depends on the temperature, but in any case, the soil should not dry out completely to dust. When watering, you can slightly acidify the water with citric acid.

pteris
pteris

Fertilizer: Top dressing with liquid fertilizer for indoor ornamental deciduous plants from May to August every two weeks, in a dose taken 2 times less than the manufacturer's recommended dose. Do not use fertilizers that may contain chlorine and be alkaline.

Air humidity: Pteris, like all ferns, does not tolerate dry air well, and therefore requires frequent spraying with soft warm water. You can put the pot on a pallet with damp expanded clay or sphagnum moss.

Transfer: In the spring, only when the roots fill the entire pot. The soil for pteris should have a slightly acidic reaction. The soil can be composed of 1 part of light sod land, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus soil and 1 part of fine gravel. The second option: 1 part of universal store soil, part of chopped pine bark, 1 part of vermiculite, biohumus fertilizer (as recommended on the package, on average 1/8 of the total). Do not forget that when growing pteris in a hanging planter, be sure to drain off excess water after abundant watering.

Reproduction: By dividing the bush. It is not advisable to share small plants and weakened by diseases. Ferns are painful for root cutting, so do not cut the mother plant, just carefully cut off the side of the bush with a few leaves. Plant separately in a small pot.

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