Table of contents:
The pteris family. Homeland - tropical, subtropical and temperate regions in America, Africa, New Zealand, etc. In nature, there are about 80 species of representatives of this genus. Pelleys are classified as ferns, but are not considered easy to grow.
- Round-leaved pellet Pellaea rotundifolia is a small bush with a creeping scaly rhizome. Vai are pinnate, up to 25 cm long and 4-5 cm wide, segmented into 15-20 pairs of rounded, glabrous, leathery leaves on short petioles. The edges of the leaves are slightly curved and under them a wide strip is located sporangia. It grows in rocky areas and tolerates dry air well.
- Pellea green Pellaea viridis - with a creeping rhizome and vais collected in a basal rosette on long brown petioles. Vai are once-feathery, up to 50 cm long and 20 cm wide, segmented into oval, glabrous, leathery leaves with short petioles. This species is very similar to the previous one, but differs in a more elongated leaf shape and a larger size of the bush.
- Pellea spear-shaped Pellaea hastata is a creeping rhizome with double- or triple-feathery vais collected in a basal rosette on long brown petioles. Vai are about 50-60 cm long and 20-30 cm wide, segmented into triangular, asymmetrical "leaves" on short petioles. Sporangia are arranged in stripes along the edges of the segments.
Temperature: During active growth (summer) should be no more than 25 ° C, in winter, ideally, a rest period at 14-16 ° C is needed, due to the natural decrease in light. However, pellet grows well under normal household conditions in winter on a light windowsill. But if the temperature is above 24 ° C, the pellet will have to be sprayed.
Lighting: Light partial shade in spring and summer, protection from direct sunlight. If the pellet is in a too dark place, its wai become faded, and the bush is very runny. When kept warm in winter, you need a lot of light; in the period from October to January, direct sunlight is useful.
Watering: Moderate and regular (avoiding overdrying or waterlogging). Water for irrigation should be soft, well-separated, at room temperature. If the temperature is below 18 ° C, you need to dry the soil well before the next watering.
Fertilizer: From March to August, 2 months after transplanting, pellets can be fed with a complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous houseplants, containing not only nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, but also other minerals. Top dressing is carried out in three weeks at a dose not exceeding that recommended by the manufacturer!
Humidity: Pelleys, unlike many other ferns, tolerate dry air well.
Transfer: This plant needs loose soil with a slightly acidic reaction. Soil - 2 part of leaf, 0.5 part of humus soil and 1 part of sand or pine bark. Transplant annually, and if the soil is salted, try to remove it with a scoop and add fresh soil. At the bottom of the pot, be sure to make drainage holes and add 1-1.5 cm of expanded clay or pieces of foam.
Reproduction: Propagated by spores and division of the rhizome. An overgrown bush can be divided during transplantation by cutting off a part with several branches and roots. The pot shouldn't be too spacious!