Polypodium Polypodium Home Care: Watering, Temperature, Transplant

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Polypodium Polypodium Home Care: Watering, Temperature, Transplant
Polypodium Polypodium Home Care: Watering, Temperature, Transplant
Video: Polypodium Polypodium Home Care: Watering, Temperature, Transplant
Video: Polypodium | SmarterSkin™ 2023, February

Family of centipedes. Homeland - tropical and subtropical regions of South America, Australia, New Zealand, India. In nature, there are about 75-100 species of deciduous or evergreen species.

Do not confuse the genus Polypodium and Phlebodium - these are two different genera of the same family, the plants are very similar, many species were transferred by scientists from the genus Polypodium to Phlebodium and renamed. For example, the fern formerly known as Polypodium aureum Polypodium is now called Phlebodium aureum. From the point of view of growing a crop, this did not affect the approach to the basic rules of care.

Polypodium virginian Polypodium virginianum is a small rhizome fern with narrow leaves 10-30 cm long and 3-6 cm wide, on smooth petioles up to 15 cm long. The leaves are pinnate, oblong in outline, each segment with a slightly serrated edge, rounded at the apex. Forms large, round spores on the underside of leaves in late summer and autumn. Sporangia covered with brown hairs. This fern is good for its small size, it needs a wide and shallow bowl or even a box. In nature, it grows on rocky terrain or on a loose forest substrate of fallen branches and forest litter, while forming sprawling clumps, many grow like epiphytes in cracks in the bark of trees

In the genus Polypodium there are a lot of decorative species that look great in hanging baskets or pots - these are Polypodium scouleri, Polypodium polypodioides, Centipede Fern, etc.

Polypodium is easy enough to grow if you follow the watering regime and properly prepare the soil mixture, which is somewhat different from the soil for other ferns, since it should be loose, light and preferably contain a little coniferous soil.

Polypodium - care and cultivation

Temperature: Polypodium is thermophilic, grows well all year round in normal home conditions. In summer, the optimum temperature is 20-24 ° C, in winter it is slightly cooler, about 18-20, but not lower than 16 ° C. These are the temperature ranges at which no special measures are required to increase air humidity or additional lighting. If the room is hot, above 26 ° C, additional spraying will most likely be required, and in the autumn-winter period (probably) additional lighting.

Lighting: The area for the polypodium should be light enough, but shaded from direct sunlight in the afternoon. Ideal - east window, can be grown in the north. The western window will require shading in the summer until 4 pm.

Watering: Watering only with settled water that does not contain lime, chlorine and fluoride! Watering in spring - plentiful in summer, with drying of the top layer of the earth. In winter, watering is moderate, but the soil should not dry out to a dusty state. Too dry air in the room cannot be compensated for by more frequent watering.

Fertilizer: Polypodium is fed with liquid fertilizer for indoor decorative deciduous plants from May to August every two weeks. Never exceed the dose of fertilizer!

Air humidity: Polypodium, like all ferns, loves humid air and requires frequent spraying. The ideal humidity is about 60%. The plant should be placed away from radiators and batteries. During the heating season, do not let the air humidity drop below 40%.

The transplant is carried out annually in the spring. The soil should have a slightly acidic reaction. Try not to bury the roots deeply into the ground, but slightly press them into the soil and sprinkle a little on top, respectively, the container for the polypodium should not be too deep. Soil mixture: 1 part coniferous land, 2 parts leaf, 1 part humus soil and 1 part chopped pine bark or coconut substrate. Drainage about 2 cm high made of polystyrene or expanded clay.

Reproduction: Reproduction is mainly by division or layering, as well as by spores. Do not try to divide a bush that has less than 5 leaves - the plant will hurt for a very long time.

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