Date Palm - Home Care

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Date Palm - Home Care
Date Palm - Home Care
Video: Date Palm - Home Care
Video: Пальма Финиковая уход в домашних условиях / Phoenicia Date palm care at home 2023, February
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Date palm
Date palm

Date palm

Arec family (palms). Homeland tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa, the Canary Islands. The genus includes about 15 species, and several interspecific hybrids. Some of them are relatively short, others are tall and spreading. The leaves are feathery, for palms of this genus the presence of thorns (metamorphic leaves) is characteristic. These plants are dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants. Pollinated by wind and insects. Flowers are small, yellowish-brown, about 1 cm in diameter, collected on a large panicle, 30 to 90 cm long.

Finger dates Phoenix dactylifera is a very tall palm tree, the trunk reaches a height of 15-30 m, the trunk becomes bare over the years, feathery up to 2-6 m long, leaves are curved, green. The fruits are edible

On the market, as dried fruits, you can buy the fruits of Phoenix dactylifera. This is a high-calorie and tasty fruit, the remaining seeds are just asking to be planted, this is especially interesting for children. But as a houseplant, these palms are not very decorative. These palms in nature have a very small leaf mass - they tend to have a few greenery only on the top, i.e. the trunk is constantly exposed, turning into a rough broom from the remnants of leaf petioles.

Canary date Phoenix canariensis - in nature, the trunk reaches a height of 10-15 m, feathery, up to 3-5 m in length, with narrow gray-green leaves. The petioles are covered with strong spines. The room will eventually reach the ceiling. The fruits are edible, but of little value (little pulp); in the Canary Islands, palm syrup is made from them, which is used to make desserts

Date in a pot
Date in a pot

Date Robelena

Robelen's date Phoenix roebelenii - this species is most suitable for growing in a room, as it grows slowly, reaches a relatively small size - 1.5 - 1.8 cm, tolerates dry air of apartments well. In Europe and the USA in nurseries, it is specially grown in containers (the root system is small) and sold as a houseplant. The Robelena date has a dense crown, the leaves are dark green, bent, pinnately dissected, the fruits are black, about 1 cm, edible, but not very tasty. This species is more thermophilic (grows well in winter at normal room temperature), but requires a higher air humidity than other dates

Date care at home

Temperature: moderate, winter temperature for Canary and finger dates is 8-16 ° С, for Robelen dates 15-20 ° С.

Lighting: very bright place, direct sun is useful. For uniform development of the crown, the date is periodically turned in different directions to the light, while the top of the last young leaf should be directed into the interior of the room, and not towards the window. In summer, if possible, the date palm is taken out into the garden, a place is chosen protected from the wind.

seed date
seed date

Date palm from seeds

Watering: watering should be uniform, abundant in summer, moderate in winter. Most dates are drought tolerant. Palm trees suffer more from excessive watering than from drying out - the roots rot and the plant may die. Therefore, before the next watering, make sure the soil is dry enough (at least in the upper half of the pot).

Air humidity: Dates Robelena loves regular spraying, preferably twice a day, and it is also useful to have a shower from time to time. The optimum air humidity is about 50%. In winter, in our apartments, the air humidity is much lower, so the tips of the leaves begin to dry in plants. Only a humidifier can help. Other types of dates are resistant to dry air.

Transplant: transplanted only when the roots fill the entire pot or tub and begin to crawl out of the container - after 3-4 years. When transplanting, part of the roots forming the felt layer is cut off with a sharp knife so that the plant fits in a new pot. Pot drainage should be very good. Soil - 2 parts of light clay-soddy, 2 parts of humus-leaf, 1 part of peat, 1 part of rotted manure, 1 part of sand and some charcoal. If you use store-bought soil (preferably special for palm trees), then it is advisable to add 1/4 of well-rotted compost to it (store-bought soil consists only of peat and mineral additives, and is quickly depleted). You can use garden soil from the garden where organic matter (manure) was introduced, add coarse sand or vermiculite sifted from dust to it.

Reproduction: seeds, at a temperature not lower than 25 ° C, sown in February-March. Seeds germinate within 2-3 months, in addition, it takes a lot of time to develop a palm from a seedling. A date grown from a stone turns into a real, spreading palm very slowly.

For more information on cultivating and growing palm trees see Palms

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