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The arec family (palm). Homeland of the Mediterranean. The genus includes one species of Hamerops squat Chamerops humilis. Their leaves are tough, bluish-green, on long petioles with spines, covered with easily falling gray hairs. Hamerops grows slowly and is quite unpretentious. This, in fact, a tub plant, ideally should be taken out in the summer to fresh air, and in the winter kept in a bright cool room. Drafts should be avoided. In fact, it is a greenhouse plant.
Sometimes hamerops is confused with another fan palm - Livistona. The difference is that Hamerops has deep-cut leaves, while Livistona has only the tips.
Hamerops - care and cultivation
Temperature: Hamerops loves moderate temperatures, in summer it does not tolerate heat (when the room is stuffy, rare ventilation). In winter, it does not tolerate the heating season, ideal conditions for it are 8-14 ° С, at least 5 ° С. It can be grown on an insulated balcony, but additionally wrap the pot with a foam roller or tie it with a woolen scarf.
Lighting: Bright place with some direct sun. If a palm tree is removed in size on the windowsill - fine, if not, then in the room only on a table near the window. In autumn and winter, in a warm room, it is necessary to turn on lamps (daylight, LED).
Watering: In summer, moderate, with drying in the upper part of the soil. In winter, limited, but watering directly depends on the air temperature, for example, when kept in a cool room in winter - about 5-7 ° C, do not water at all, at 10-12 ° C - very rarely or replace watering by spraying. The earth should never be damp.
From May, 1.5-2 months after transplanting, until August, you can feed every two weeks with fertilizer for palm trees or any complex fertilizer for deciduous plants. Fertilization rate according to the instructions.
Air humidity: Hamerops is periodically sprayed.
The main methods of caring for a hamerops include periodically wiping the leaves from dust, loosening the top layer of the earth after abundant watering, and replacing the top layer of the earth if the soil is too salty.
Transplant: Hamerops really does not like transplanting, therefore, they are transplanted only when the roots fill the entire pot or tub and begin to crawl out of the container. When transplanting, part of the roots that form the felt layer is cut off with a sharp knife so that the plant fits in a new pot or an old one. Soil - 2 parts of light turf, 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of rotted compost, 1 part of sand and a little charcoal.
Reproduction: Hamerops are grown from seeds, but this is quite problematic, the seeds germinate reluctantly, often rot. Germination is carried out at a normal room temperature of 25 ° C, sown in February-March. Can be propagated by dividing old plants. For more information on cultivating and growing palm trees see Palms