Hovea Howea - Home Care, Watering, Transplanting, Reproduction, Growing Problems

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Hovea Howea - Home Care, Watering, Transplanting, Reproduction, Growing Problems
Hovea Howea - Home Care, Watering, Transplanting, Reproduction, Growing Problems
Video: Hovea Howea - Home Care, Watering, Transplanting, Reproduction, Growing Problems
Video: How to Care for Kentia Palm 2023, February
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hoveya belmora
hoveya belmora

Arec family (palms). Hovei (Kentia) are evergreen, hardy palms well suited for indoor cultivation. In nature, there are two species - Howea forsteriana Hovey Foster and Howea belmoreana Hovey Belmore. These large palms will eventually grow to the ceiling in the room.

  • Hovea Belmore Howea belmoreana is a slender tall palm tree that grows up to 10 m in height. The trunk is widened at the base, the leaves are pinnate, arcuate, up to 4 m long. The petiole of each leaf is no more than 35-40 cm.
  • Hovea Foster Howea forsteriana is a taller palm tree, can reach 12 m in height. The trunk is not widened at the base, the leaves are feathery, less curving, but wider, up to 2.5 m long, and the leaf petioles are much longer - up to 1.5 m. When grown in a greenhouse, it can bloom and bear fruit.
  • The difference between the two species in size - Hovey Foster is much larger, taller, at the age of 7-8 years, above the average human height, and her leaves on the vays are wider than that of Hovei Belmore. Foster grows in a bunch, and Belmore grows sprawling.

Hovea - home care

Leaf polishes are not acceptable for hovea. Hovei do not like drafts and cold winds, so if for the summer it is placed on an open terrace or in a garden, protection from the wind and shading from direct sunlight is necessary.

Temperature: moderate throughout the year - 16-22 ° С, preferably no higher than 24 ° С. The winter minimum for the Belmore hovei is 16 ° C, for the Forster hovei - 10 ° C. If the hovea still grows at higher temperatures from 24 ° C and above, then it must be sprayed, and the room should be often ventilated, avoiding cold drafts.

Lighting: hovei needs a bright place, shading from sunlight in the afternoon. But do not place this palm tree in a shaded place, and be careful with the spring sun, after a cloudy winter, the leaves can get burned. In winter, the lighting should be very good, if it is impossible to ensure coolness, then supplement it with LED lamps (as an option 2-3 pieces, with a power of 10-11 W with a socket for the cartridge).

hovei foster
hovei foster

Watering: The frequency of watering depends on the temperature at which the plant is kept. But, in general, watering should be uniform, abundant in warm weather, moderate in cold weather. The soil should not be very moist, otherwise the soil will sour, as evidenced by the brown tips of the leaves. The soil should not dry out either. After abundant watering the next day, loosen the soil in the pot with a stick.

Top dressing: carried out from May to September weekly, with a special fertilizer for palms or any liquid fertilizer for indoor plants. The palm tree responds well to mulching with humus soil (manure that has lain in a compost heap for 3-4 years can be poured instead of fertilizing watering onto the soil surface in a pot). You need to start feeding no earlier than a month after transplantation.

Humidity: Hovea loves spraying and showering, despite the fact that some sources write that these palms carry dry air. Therefore, it would not be bad to make it a rule to spray the hovea in the morning and evening. When kept in the garden in summer, you can periodically arrange a shower from a garden hose with a spray, while covering the soil from getting wet with a plastic bag. At a time when the temperature drops below 20 ° C, you do not need to spray!

Transplantation: the palm tree does not like transplantation very much, therefore, it is transplanted only when the roots fill the entire pot or tub and begin to crawl out of the container, i.e. after about 2-3 years - young plants, after a few years - old ones. Every year, the top layer of the earth is loosened, and the top 5 cm of the soil is replaced if it is salted. Soil for a palm tree: 2 parts of light sod land, 2 parts of humus-leaf (or 1 part of peat), 1 part of rotted manure, 1 part of fine gravel chips and some charcoal.

Reproduction

Hovea is propagated by seeds, which is rather difficult - the seeds often rot. Germination at a temperature of 23-25 ​​° C, sown in February - March. Soil - a mixture of universal peat soil and vermiculite in equal parts, then sterilized in the oven or microwave. Pickle the seeds in the Maxim preparation (or in another way), dig in to a depth of 1 cm. Keep the soil moderately moist, do not allow mold to form. Germination can take about 3 months, sometimes longer. Ventilate the bowl with seeds, shaking off the condensation.

Hovea can be propagated by dividing adult plants. To do this, when transplanting, cut off 1-2 leaves with part of the roots from the edge of the bush, plant in a small pot and shade for the first week. Does not propagate by cuttings (leaves).

For more information on cultivating and growing palm trees see Palms

Growing problems

  • Yellowing of leaves: due to lack of watering, lack of nutrients in the soil, excess calcium in the soil, i.e. watering with too hard water.
  • Leaves become pale: under too intense light in spring or summer, it can also be caused by a spider mite attack.
  • Brown and dry leaf tips: the most likely cause is dry air, possibly due to insufficient watering or heat, in winter - from exposure to cold air or touching cold window glass.
  • Brown spots on the leaves appear from waterlogging of the soil, when the soil dries out for a very long time, or with a sharp drop in temperature, as well as from the use of very hard water for irrigation.
  • The lower leaves dry out: in many palms, the lower leaves darken and die off with age, they are periodically cut off with a sharp knife, this is a natural aging of the crown.
  • Pests: palms are susceptible to attack by scale insects, thrips, ticks and mealybugs (see pests). Pests can be brought into the house when buying a plant, with garden flowers, or "pick up" on an open balcony.

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