Trachycarpus Trachycarpus

Table of contents:

Trachycarpus Trachycarpus
Trachycarpus Trachycarpus
Video: Trachycarpus Trachycarpus
Video: самец и самка Trachycarpus Fortunei 2023, February
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Content

  • Care and cultivation
  • Transfer
  • What to plant a palm tree in
  • Reproduction of trachycarpus
  • Growing problems

Palm family. Homeland - Burma, India, China, Japan, Himalayas. This rather unpretentious fan palm includes only 6 species.

Plants have a straight trunk, in nature reaching 12-20 m in length (at home, these palms grow no more than 2.5 meters). The trunk is covered with dry brown fibers - the bases of dead leaves. The leaves are oblong-rounded in outline, about 60 cm in diameter, the segments are divided almost to the base, but in some species only half a leaf. The reverse side of the leaves has a bluish, easily washable bloom. The petioles are long, have small spines. The inflorescences are axillary, the peduncle is about 30-40 cm long, the flowers are white in the species Trachycarpus martiana and bright yellow, fragrant in the species Trachycarpus Fortune Trachycarpus fortunei. The fruit is a berry.

Trachikarpus is a slow growing palm tree at home. In "captivity" it will not bloom and, accordingly, bear fruit.

In addition to Trachycarpus Fortune, princess Trachycarpus princeps is popular in home floriculture. Trachycarpus princeps, originally from China, has a more sophisticated look. Its leaves are brightly medium green on top, slightly with a bluish tint.

Trachikarpus
Trachikarpus
trachycarpus princess
trachycarpus princess

Trachikarpus - care and cultivation

Temperature: Ideal conditions for the growth of trachycarpus are in a greenhouse or conservatory, in other words, a cool, bright and well-ventilated room. It is perfect for decorating halls, foyers of offices and hotels, a wonderful plant for decorating a light assembly hall in a kindergarten or school. Trachikarpus is fairly tolerant of normal room temperatures if there is no battery and directed warm air flow nearby. Under natural conditions, palms have a dormant period during which the temperature does not rise above 16 ° C, sometimes there are frosts down to -10 ° C. However, tub plants should not be in a room where the temperature can drop below zero - in a small amount of soil, limited by the size of the pot, the roots will be supercooled. If you do not have a suitable cool room at home (glazed and insulated balcony or loggia),the only option to save the palm tree in winter is to put it up to the window on the landing.

Lighting: Bright light, with some direct sun, shade only at noon. Ideal location next to the south window. Trachikarpus is one of those plants that very quickly outgrow the size of the windowsill. While the palm tree is small, it can live and winter on the window, but when its vai begin to crawl out of the window sill (this is extremely harmful during the heating season), it is time to find another place for it. If you are placing a plant in a room, make sure there is enough light. There is no need to put the palm tree on the floor near the balcony door - it is not afraid of the cold, but the leaves will be below the flow of light, the palm tree will begin to stretch and lose color of the leaves due to lack of light. Trachikarpus can be supplemented with fluorescent lamps and LED lamps.

Watering and feeding: In summer, watering is plentiful, in winter very moderate, depending on the temperature. From May to September, every three weeks, feeding with fertilizer for palm trees or any other fertilizer for indoor plants, taken in a dose 2 times less than the recommended one.

What does abundant watering mean: the soil should not dry out completely, to the state of "dust". But it should have time to dry out before the next watering in the depths of the pot, and dry out in 3-4 days, no longer. If the soil dries up to a week and more is more likely to rot the roots, you will simply ruin the palm tree. To prevent this, the palm must be planted in well-drained soil. In nature, it grows on sandy soils that do not retain moisture for a long time. We also need to add various components to the soil so that it does not cake and compact. In winter, the potted soil should dry out completely, especially if it's cold. For example, at a temperature of 10 ° C - it can be once every 3-4 weeks, if it is a little warmer - about 12-14 ° C, then once every two weeks. In order not to be mistaken, be sure to check the ground by touch, digging in the top layer,water only when you are sure it is dry.

Air humidity: Trachikarpus loves moderately humid air - within 40%. If there are no hot batteries nearby, you do not need to spray. Humidity requirements increase in winter when kept in a warm, heated room. In this case, it makes sense to spray the plant at least 1 time per day.

Transfer

Like all palms, trachycarpus does not like frequent transplants, therefore, they are transplanted only when the roots fill the entire pot or tub and begin to crawl out of the container. But if a salt deposit appears on the surface of the earth - gray-red influxes on the ground and at the walls of the pot, this is an alarm bell, either your water is too hard, or the soil dries out for too long. In any case, soil salinization leads to an imbalance of nutrients, some elements are absorbed, others are not. From a nutritional deficiency, the leaves will turn yellow and dry. Therefore, the saline soil must be removed and replaced with fresh soil. And after abundant watering, loosen the soil. Transplanted in the spring - in March. Young plants, up to 1-1.5 m in height - annually, larger ones in 2-3 years, the top layer of the earth to a depth of about 5-7 cm to change annually.

What to plant a palm tree in

trachikarpus fortune
trachikarpus fortune

Young plants are planted in pots, plastic or ceramic does not matter, as long as there are large holes at the bottom for water drainage. Drainage is not necessary in a clay pot, but usually there is only one hole, and you need to make sure that it does not get clogged with earth. A plastic pot needs about 2 cm of drainage. Larger plants can be planted in a bucket, flowerpot or wooden tub. It is advisable to drill holes in the wooden tubs at the bottom, and before pouring the earth, pick up a plastic bag inside (a 120 l garbage bag will do).

  • Traditional soil mixture: 2 parts of light turf soil, 2 parts of leaf (peat), 1 part of humus (well-rotted manure), 1 part of sand (or vermiculite) and a little charcoal.
  • Another option for palm soil: 2 parts of universal store soil (for example, Terra Vita), 1 part of humus soil, 1 part of sand (or vermiculite).

Garden soil can be used as humus soil, from the beds where cucumbers were grown (manure is usually applied under them). But before planting, any soil must be sterilized (kept in the oven on baking sheets for an hour). If the volume of land is very large (for replanting large palms), then instead of sterilization, you can spill the land with an insecticide and fungicide solution.

Reproduction of trachycarpus

The trachycarpus palm reproduces by seeds and only fresh. The seeds are soaked for several days, while it is important to change the water every 24 hours. If you have an aquarium compressor, bubbling is great - palm seeds are very responsive to oxygenation of water. A day before planting, it is advisable to soak it in a solution of zircon, then plant it, deepening by about 1.5 cm.It is better to plant it in a mixture of universal soil (or soil for seedlings) and vermiculite in equal parts. Planting in pure vermiculite showed good results. In any case, it is important to sow in a sterilized substrate. Shoots appear in about 4 months, sometimes you have to wait up to 8 months. It is very important to maintain moderate humidity all the time before germination and after germination - seeds easily rot from excess moisture.

Trachikarpus forchuna from seeds, says Marina Kunitskaya: First, I soaked the seeds in water for three days. Then I took a food container with a transparent lid and holes (for a microwave), put cotton pads on the bottom. On each cotton pad, a trachycarpus seed, covered with another cotton pad. I set it to germinate at a temperature somewhere between 20 ° and 25 ° C. The holes in the lid were open, I checked the container weekly by lifting the top cotton pads, and after three weeks I found the first germinated seeds. It is important that the discs do not dry out; only boiled water from a syringe is topped up. When the root appeared, I waited two more days, then carefully removed the seed with tweezers and planted it in the ground (Terra Vita and vermiculite in half, steamed in the oven). Sprinkled about 5 mm on the ground, set it to the light.Palms grow quickly at first, then slow down. In caring for trachycarpus grown from seed, it is important not to overmoisten the soil. Be sure to feed - once a week with fertilizer for orchids. Its concentration is low, diluted according to the instructions, the seedlings do not need more.

Growing problems

Yellowing of leaves - due to lack of watering, lack of nutrients in the soil, excess calcium in the soil, i.e. watering with too hard water, but first of all the leaves turn yellow and dry if the plant is kept in too warm conditions in winter.

Brown leaf tips are most likely due to dry air, possibly due to insufficient watering.

Brown spots on the leaves - with waterlogged soil, too high air humidity, especially at low temperatures. The root system of the trachycarpus is fibrous, so the pot is not required too deep, and excessive watering can be detrimental to the plant.

Brown lower leaves - in many palms the lower leaves darken and die off with age, they are periodically cut with a sharp knife.

Pests - palms are susceptible to attack by scabbards, spider mites and mealybugs (see pests).

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