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The legume family. Homeland East Asia. In nature, there are about 7 types of wisteria and several forms or subspecies. In natural conditions (in the Caucasus, in the Crimea) wisteria hibernates without shelter, and its dimensions reach 3-4.5 meters in height. In the apartment, wisteria will eventually reach the ceiling and it will have to be cut or updated, some species form as potensai (pre-bonsai). The simplest option for the formation of wisteria is in the form of a standard tree, but from the point of view of shape, wisteria is a half-liana and it can and should be tied to a support. In the garden, it is somewhat reminiscent of grape bushes, therefore it is often grown along fences, as a flowering hedge, near arches.
With the onset of warm days in summer, wisteria is taken out into the garden, on the balcony or veranda. The huge beautiful caps of wisteria flowers, unfortunately, are not suitable for cutting, because fade quickly.
Wisteria or Chinese Wisteria Wisteria sinensis is a beautiful climbing plant, far from the best option for indoor growing, but subject to the conditions of maintenance, it can grow and bloom well in a greenhouse or winter garden. Leaves are light green, oblong, pointed at the end. Young leaves are covered with dense pubescence, with age they become almost naked. Numerous flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences about 20 cm long. The color of the flowers is light purple, blue, pink or white
Temperature: normal in summer, preferably kept outdoors. In winter it is very cool 6-8 ° С. You can put wisteria in the basement, frost-free room until mid-January for the winter. And then, gradually increasing the temperature, i.e. rearranging in warmer and lighter rooms, by the end of February, you can keep wisteria at normal room temperature. When wisteria is kept in a heated, warm room in winter, the plant will not only not bloom, but may die.
Lighting: wisteria is photophilous, requires full sunlight. If at the end of winter, early spring, wisteria stands at the southern window, it blooms quickly, then after a short break it blooms again at the end of summer, but there are much fewer flowers.
Watering: from spring to late summer, watering is moderate, the soil should always be slightly damp in the depths of the pot, but dry out in the upper layers. Wisteria poorly tolerates excess water, or rather prolonged drying out of the soil - the substrate should be very loose. During cold wintering, watering is very sparse and scarce.
During the period of budding and flowering, once a week, they are fed with liquid fertilizer for flowering indoor plants.
Air humidity: responds well to regular spraying in summer.
Transfer: the soil for wisteria should be nutritious - a mixture of 3 parts of turf, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand. Young plants are transplanted annually, adults and old wisterias after a few years. In July, the lateral branches are pruned, which are shortened by half, this contributes to the better formation of flower buds.
Reproduction: wisteria reproduce by layering and cuttings in early spring.